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Atum

Subject: Archaeology

[Di] Egyptian god, one of the great creator gods of Egypt. Main cult centre Heliopolis, but worshipped all over Egypt. Always represented in human form as a man leaning on a ...

Atum

Atum   Reference library

A Dictionary of Creation Myths

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

... Atum is a version of the Egyptian god who creates the world via masturbation ( see also Creation by Secretion ; Egyptian Creation...

Atum

Atum   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

... In the Egyptian mythology of the cult center Heleopolis, Atum was the high god, of the family of deities known as the Ennead . He was said to have created the world with his own bodily fluids. He is also the primal androgyne , the container of the potential for male and female and the progenitor of Geb and Nut, earth and sky. He is the ancestor of Osiris , Isis , Seth , and Nephthys . Assimilated with the sun god Re, he became in the Old Kingdom the dominant high god Re-Atum or Atum-Re...

Atum

Atum   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...the gods came out of Atum's mouth, and humans from his eyes. In another cosmogony, the Hermopolitan theology, Atum appears to have been created by the Eight Gods (Ogdoad). The Book of Going Forth by Day ( Book of the Dead ) presents Atum as the god who would continue to exist after the destruction of the world. Atum's most frequent epithets are “Lord of Heliopolis” and “Lord of the Two Lands.” The first refers to the main center of his cult, and the second stresses the king's association with him. In the Pyramid Texts, the body of Atum is literally...

Atum

Atum   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
41 words

... [Di] Egyptian god, one of the great creator gods of Egypt. Main cult centre Heliopolis, but worshipped all over Egypt. Always represented in human form as a man leaning on a stick. An ancient god who become identified with Ra...

Atum-Re

Atum-Re   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

...-Re Atum-Re is one of the many combinations of high gods in Egyptian mythology. For some Egyptians the mutual assimilation of Atum and the solar god Re (Ra) represented the setting...

Atum

Atum  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Di]Egyptian god, one of the great creator gods of Egypt. Main cult centre Heliopolis, but worshipped all over Egypt. Always represented in human form as a man leaning on a stick. An ancient god who ...
Atum-Re

Atum-Re  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Atum-Re is one of the many combinations of high gods in Egyptian mythology. For some Egyptians the mutual assimilation of Atum and the solar god Re (Ra) represented the setting sun.[...]
Ennead

Ennead  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In the Egyptian mythology the Ennead (“the Nine”) is the name given to the pantheon of the great theological center Heliopolis. Out of the sun god Atum or Atum- Re ...
High god

High god  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
“High god” is a term commonly used to indicate the head gods, such as Re, Amun-Re, Atum, Atum-Re, and Ptah, in the various Egyptian as well as other pantheons.
Shu

Shu  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Di]Egyptian god of the air, son of Atum. He and Tefnut were the first pair of the Heliopolitan Ennead. Shu was represented as a man with arms raised above his head holding up Nut, the sky goddess, ...
God and gender

God and gender  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Unlike the case in most mythologies, the creator and supreme god of the Bible has no female companion or wife. This lack of a consort gives rise to many questions. ...
Helipolitan Ennead

Helipolitan Ennead  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Di]The company of gods and goddesses closely associated with the cosmological system and creation myths taught by the priests of Heliopolis in ancient Egypt. These deities include Nun (the father of ...
Khepry

Khepry  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In Egypt, Khepry is the scarab beetle pushing the sun into the sky and is thus the representation of the dawn aspect of the High god and of Rebirth.
Ra

Ra  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In Egyptian mythology, the sun god, the supreme Egyptian deity, worshipped as the creator of all life and typically portrayed with a falcon's head bearing the solar disc. He appears travelling in his ...
Maat

Maat  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
In Egyptian mythology, the goddess of truth, justice, and cosmic order, daughter of Ra. She is depicted as a young and beautiful woman, standing or seated, with a feather on her head.
saturation

saturation  

1 The amount of chroma in a colour as a proportion of all the colour, both chromatic (1) and achromatic (1), the admixture of grey causing the colour to appear desaturated. It is one of the three ...
Egyptian deities

Egyptian deities  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The Graeco‐Roman view of Egyptian religion is sharply fissured. Many writers of all periods, and probably most individuals, found in the Egyptians' worship of animals a polemical contrast to their ...
High god

High god   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

...god “High god” is a term commonly used to indicate the head gods, such as Re , Amun-Re , Atum , Atum-Re , and Ptah , in the various Egyptian as well as other...

Ra

Ra  

A Dictionary of Creation Myths

...Ra, also Re or Amen Ra, is one version of the Egyptian high god and creator ( see also Atum ; Egyptian Creation ; Khepri...

Re

Re   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

...the supreme deity and a personification of the all-important sun. As the theologies of various centers predominated he was Atum-Re , Re-Atum, Amun (Amon)-Re, or Re Amun. As the morning sun he was Khepry , represented by the scarab. As the hot noonday sun, he was associated with the god Horus as Re-Harakhti, symbolized by a human body with the head of a falcon, topped with a solar disk. The evening sun was sometimes seen as Re-Atum wearing the Egyptian crown. Re descended to the underworld each night and was constantly attacked by his enemy, Apopis ...

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