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Asmara

Capital and largest city of Eritrea.

Asmara is located in a highland region of Eritrea that was settled roughly 700 years ago. It is believed to have been the site ...

Asmara

Asmara (Eritrea)   Quick reference

The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Asmara , Eritrea ‘Forest of Flowers’ in Tigrinya. However, an alternative theory is that the name comes from ‘Arbate Asmara’ which, in the Tigrinya language, means ‘The Four Villages of those (Women) who brought Harmony’. The city became the capital of the Italian colony of Eritrea in 1900 , the Italians having gained control of the Eritrean highlands by treaty in 1889 . After the Italian defeat by the British in 1941 Asmara remained under British control until Eritrea joined Ethiopia in 1952 . It became the capital of an independent Eritrea in ...

Asmara

Asmara   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
104 words

... ( Asmera ) Capital of Eritrea, ne Africa. Occupied by Italy in 1889 , it was their colonial capital and the main base for the invasion of Ethiopia ( 1935–36 ). It was captured by the British in 1941 and, in the 1950s, the US built Africa's biggest military communications centre here. The city was absorbed by Ethiopia in 1952 , and was the main garrison in the fight against Eritrean rebels seeking independence. In 1993 Asmara became the capital of independent Eritrea . Though ravaged by drought, famine and war, it began a strong recovery based on...

Asmara

Asmara   Quick reference

Howard Sargeant

Dictionary Plus Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
62 words

...Asmara ( Asmera ) The capital city of Eritrea, in north-eastern Africa. It lies at an altitude of over 2,000 m, on the north-western slopes of the Eritrean highlands. It was formerly a possession of neighbouring Ethiopia before independence in 1991 . In the 1950s it was the site of a major US military communications centre, the largest in Africa. Population ( 2009 ) 649,000. Howard Sargeant...

Asmara, Eritrea

Asmara, Eritrea   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

..., Eritrea Capital and largest city of Eritrea. Asmara is located in a highland region of Eritrea that was settled roughly 700 years ago. It is believed to have been the site of four small, feuding villages, which, under pressure from the villages’ women inhabitants, finally made peace and united around 1515 . The name Asmara comes from Arbate Asmara, which in the Tigrinya language means “the four villages of those [women] who brought harmony.” Sixteenth-century Italian sources describe Asmara as a caravan trading center. Shortly afterward Asmara was...

Asmara

Asmara   Quick reference

New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
118 words

... • jarrah , para, Tara • abracadabra , Aldabra • Alhambra • Vanbrugh • Cassandra , Sandra • Aphra , Biafra • Niagara , pellagra, Viagra • bhangra , Ingres • Capra • Cleopatra • mantra , tantra, yantra • Basra • Asmara , Bukhara, carbonara, Carrara, cascara, Connemara, Damara, Ferrara, Gemara, Guadalajara, Guevara, Honiara, Lara, marinara, mascara, Nara, Sahara, Samara, samsara, samskara, shikara, Tamara, tiara, Varah, Zara • candelabra , macabre, sabra • Alexandra • Agra • fiacre • Chartres , Montmartre, Sartre, Sinatra, Sumatra • ...

Asmara

Asmara   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
24 words
Asmara

Asmara   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
20 words
Asmara

Asmara   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
17 words
Asmara

Asmara   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
23 words
Asmara

Asmara   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
17 words
Asmara

Asmara  

Capital and largest city of Eritrea.Asmara is located in a highland region of Eritrea that was settled roughly 700 years ago. It is believed to have been the site ...
Marina Colasanti

Marina Colasanti  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1937–), Brazilian writer who was born in Asmara, Ethiopia, into an Italian family, and arrived in Brazil in 1948. Colasanti studied fine arts and later worked as a journalist, magazine ...
Isaias Afwerki

Isaias Afwerki  

1945– Leader of Eritrean fight for independence from Ethiopia and president of Eritrea since 1993.As a leader of the largest rebel force in Eritrea's independence struggle, Isaias Afwerki strove ...
Massawa, Eritrea

Massawa, Eritrea  

Major Red Sea port and the second largest city of Eritrea.Massawa’s varied Arab, Turkish, and Italian architecture reflects the Horn of Africa’s long history of trade and foreign occupation. ...
Tigrinya

Tigrinya  

Major language and ethnic group in the Horn of Africa.The Tigrinya language belongs to the Semitic family of the Afro-Asiatic linguistic grouping. It is closely related to Amhara, the ...
Eritrea

Eritrea  

A country in north-eastern Africa, on the Red Sea.Physical.Eritrea consists of a narrow coastal low-lying area and rises towards the Ethiopian plateau in the south. It is very hot and ...
Thomas Keneally

Thomas Keneally  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1935– ),Australian novelist, born in Sydney. At 17 he began training as a Catholic priest but in 1960 abandoned his intention to become ordained, turning to writing full‐time after the publication ...
Samarkand

Samarkand (Uzbekistan)   Quick reference

The Concise Dictionary of World Place-Names (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Samarkand ( Samarqand ) , Uzbekistan ( Marakanda, Afrasiyab ) A province and a city. The first part of the name may come from Samar or Shamur, an Arab who conquered it in the 8th century , or it may be derived from the Persian asmara ‘stone’. The Sogdian suffix kand means ‘town’. Ruled by several different peoples, as Marakanda it became the capital of Sogdiana in the 4th century bc , of the Central Asian Turks in the 6th century ad , and of Tamerlane ’s empire in the 14th and 15th centuries . It was captured by the Russians in 1868 and...

Colasanti, Marina

Colasanti, Marina   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
166 words

...Marina ( 1937 –), Brazilian writer who was born in Asmara, Ethiopia, into an Italian family, and arrived in Brazil in 1948 . Colasanti studied fine arts and later worked as a journalist, magazine editor, scriptwriter, and hostess in TV shows. In 1968 she published her first book, Eu Sozinha , and since then has published more than thirty books. Her literary works include books for children and youngsters as well as narrative and poetry for adults. She has received important distinctions, such as the first prize of the Latin American Children's...

Afwerki, Isaias

Afwerki, Isaias (1946– )   Quick reference

A Dictionary of African Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...) The president of Eritrea since 1993 . Isaias Afwerki co-founded the Eritrean People’s Liberation Front ( EPLF ) in 1970 to fight for the independence of Eritrea from Ethiopia, and became secretary general in 1987 . In this capacity, he led the EPLF when they entered Asmara—Eritrea’s largest settlement and now its capital—and consequently achieved de facto independence in 1991 . Formal independence was officially recognized in 1993 after a referendum supervised by the United Nations, and Afwerki was elected president by the National Assembly. In...

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