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Overview

Asian Americans

[This entry contains seven subentries: Overview; Practice Interventions; Chinese; Japanese, Koreans; South Asians; Southeast Asians.] The term Asian Americans encompasses the ...

Asian Americans on Television

Asian Americans on Television   Reference library

Alison Yeh Cheung and Kent A. Ono

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Asian American Literature and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...of scholarly journals ranging in areas from advertising to African American education. These topics include interracial and comparative representations and relations between Asian Americans and other groups; Asian American identity; Asian American advertising; Asian American health and body image; the marketability of Asian Americans to TV audiences; the effects of exposure to representations of Asian Americans on audiences; TV shows and children; and stereotypes of Asian Americans. 27 Links to Digital Materials [Re]Collection . Amoeblog . Vincent Who...

Asian Americans

Asian Americans   Reference library

Don Toshiaki Nakanishi

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
2,098 words

...Asian Pacific Americans will remain in the majority for several decades to come. There have also been significant changes in the relative representation of different ethnic and national groups within the rapidly evolving Asian Pacific American population. For example, in 1970 , Japanese Americans were the largest Asian American ethnic group and represented 40 percent of all Asian Americans. By 1980 , both Chinese Americans and Filipino Americans surpassed Japanese Americans; other Asian Pacific American groups such as Asian Indian Americans, Korean...

Asian Americans

Asian Americans   Reference library

Madeline Hsu

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...many Asian Americans remained locked into historic dead-end economic niches such as family-run restaurants and other small businesses, unskilled textile factory work, and care-giving labor. [ See also Angel Island Immigration Station ; Asian American Movement ; California ; Chinese Americans ; Demography ; Deportations and Repatriations ; Filipino Americans ; Hmong Americans ; Immigration ; Indian (Asian) Americans ; Japanese Americans ; Japanese Americans, Incarceration of ; Korean Americans ; Multiracial and Multiethnic Americans ; Native...

Asian Americans.

Asian Americans.   Reference library

Henry Yu

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,120 words

...Relations: U.S. Relations with Asia ; Immigration ; Immigration Law ; Incarceration of Japanese Americans ; Missionary Movement ; Nativist Movement . Roger Daniels , Asian America: Chinese and Japanese in the United States since 1850 , 1988. Gary Okihiro , Margins and Mainstreams: Asian Americans in American History and Culture , 1994. Ronald Takaki , Strangers from a Different Shore , 1989. Sucheng Chan , Asian Americans: An Interpretive History , 1991. William O'Hare and Judy Felt , Asian Americans: America's Fastest Growing Minority Group,...

Asian Americans

Asian Americans   Reference library

J. V. Gatewood

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
2,712 words

...opportunities for other Asian Americans. As the American public came to appreciate the sacrifices of its Asian allies in the war against fascism and the contributions of its Asian American soldiers, Asian Americans came to be viewed in a more sympathetic light. Beginning with Chinese Americans in 1943 , Asian immigrants formerly ineligible for citizenship were finally able to become naturalized. Asian Americans were a vital part of the war effort, working in factories, serving in the military, and supporting the efforts of their former homelands. The...

Asian Americans

Asian Americans   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Social Work (20 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Social sciences, Social Welfare and Social Services
Length:
19,050 words
Illustration(s):
1

...with a variety of Asian groups are discussed throughout the text. Asian Americans; Chinese Americans; Filipino Americans; Indo-Americans; Japanese Americans; Korean Americans; South Asian Americans; South East Asian Americans; new immigrants Introduction The United States of America, the land of immigrants, is called home by people coming from virtually every continent, ethnic and racial background, and religious and linguistic group. The first to arrive were people from western and northern Europe. Contrary to the common belief that Asians came only in the...

Indian (Asian) Americans

Indian (Asian) Americans   Reference library

Sanghamitra Niyogi

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...has become significant in U.S. race politics. Since 9/11, Asian Indians, especially Sikhs, have become more frequent targets of violence and suspicion by the majority, even though they already had encountered the greatest number of hate crimes among Asian Americans in 1998 and 1999 . Thus Asian Indians have become vulnerable to contradictory stereotypes: both that of “brown equals terrorist” and that of the “model minority.” Both stereotypes have led to the marginalization of Asian Indians in America , and this might be one of the factors why despite their...

Asian Americans and Digital Games

Asian Americans and Digital Games   Reference library

Christopher B. Patterson

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Asian American Literature and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Society and culture, Literature, Literary theory and cultural studies
Length:
9,352 words
Illustration(s):
2

...of the most renowned Asian American independent developers, take place in South America with few (if any) Asian characters, yet his hard-cut and dreamy style take heavy inspiration from Wong Kar-Wai and the city of Hong Kong. To understand Asian American developer contributions like Chung’s, we must first stop looking for Asian American characters and instead look for shared forms, styles, and designs. Though the independent game “revolution” in 2008 saw a surge of new Asian American designers, we focus on three Asian North American designers who capture...

Asian Americans in Hip-Hop

Asian Americans in Hip-Hop   Reference library

Ninochka McTaggart and Oliver Wang

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Asian American Literature and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...and Eileen O’Brien . “Seeking Liberation, Facing Marginalization: Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders’ Conditional Acceptance in Hip-Hop Culture.” Sociological Inquiry 87, no. 4 (2017): 634–658. Nair, Ajay , and Murali Balaji , eds. Desi Rap: Hip-Hop and South Asian America . Lanham, MD: Lexington Books, 2008. Phi, Thien-bao Thuc . “Yellow Lines: Asian Americans and Hip Hop.” In Afro Asia: Revolutionary Political and Cultural Connections Between African Americans and Asian Americans , edited by Fred Ho and Bill V. Mullen , 295–317. Durham, NC:...

Asian Americans in Congress

Asian Americans in Congress   Reference library

The Oxford Guide to the United States Government

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
260 words

... Americans in Congress Before 1965 , American immigration laws restricted Asians from coming to the United States. Asian-American communities existed in the larger cities, but their populations generally were not large enough to elect members to Congress. The territory of Hawaii contained a high proportion of Chinese-, Japanese-, and Polynesian-American citizens. Much of the opposition to making Hawaii a state came from racially biased members who feared that Hawaii would send to Congress Asian Americans sympathetic to civil rights legislation. Indeed, when...

Asians and Asian Americans in Early Science Fiction

Asians and Asian Americans in Early Science Fiction   Reference library

John Cheng

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Asian American Literature and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...to their families, prohibiting marriage between Asians and whites and stripping citizenship from native-born women who married Asian immigrants. Amid this constellation of linked concerns, racial exclusion—Asian ex-corporation from the American body politic—remained their categorical resolution. While Asian Americans and their allies challenged these laws, policies, and attitudes, Asians became the aliens in American political and social discourse. Asians in America, including native-born Asian Americans, occupied a precarious political position. As diverse...

Asian Americans in Pre–World War II Cinema

Asian Americans in Pre–World War II Cinema   Reference library

Philippa Gates

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Asian American Literature and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Society and culture, Literature, Literary theory and cultural studies
Length:
8,850 words
Illustration(s):
2

...that examines Asian American racial identity in film, including Jun Xing’s Asian American Through the Lens: History Representations, and Identity ( 1998 ), Robert G. Lee’s Orientals: Asian Americans in Popular Culture ( 1999 ), Darrell Hamamoto and Sandra Liu’s Countervisions: Asian American Film Criticism ( 2000 ), Peter X Feng’s edited collection Screening Asian Americans ( 2002 ) and monograph Identities in Motion: Asian American Film and Video ( 2003 ), Celine Parreñas Shimizu’s The Hypersexuality of Race : Performing Asian/American Women on...

Literary Perspectives on Asian Americans in the Midwest

Literary Perspectives on Asian Americans in the Midwest   Reference library

Thomas Xavier Sarmiento

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Asian American Literature and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...and diaspora. Stephen Sumida’s call to find new points of origin for Asian America in “East of California: Points of Origin in Asian American Studies” has invited Asian American studies scholars to move beyond California as the locus of Asian American community formations. 59 The inclusion of Sumida’s article in the first issue of Journal of Asian American Studies , the premier journal of the field of Asian American studies sponsored by the Association for Asian American Studies, indicates region has been a foundational, albeit understudied, line of...

Mixed-Race Asian Americans and Contemporary Media and Culture

Mixed-Race Asian Americans and Contemporary Media and Culture   Reference library

Leilani Nishime

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Asian American Literature and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Society and culture, Literature, Literary theory and cultural studies
Length:
7,930 words
Illustration(s):
6

...shift the traditional emphasis on Asian/white mixed-race populations to black/Asian, Native/Asian, and Latinx/Asian mixed-race populations. 30 Given the comparatively high rates of marriage across racial lines among Asian American populations and the ubiquity of visual culture, relatively little scholarly attention has been paid to visual representation of mixed-race Asian Americans. This absence is rapidly being remedied by scholars who situate the study of mixed-race Asian Americans at the leading edge of Asian American studies. In response to the...

Literary Perspectives on Asian Americans in the South

Literary Perspectives on Asian Americans in the South   Reference library

Frank Cha

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Asian American Literature and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...works looked at Asian Americans in regions like the South. Leslie Bow’s Partly Colored: Asian Americans and Racial Anomaly in the Segregate South ( 2010 ) is a critical intervention in both Asian American and Southern cultural studies. Using a multidisciplinary approach, she offers an extensive critique of how interstitial populations, such as Asian Americans, Native Americans, and Mexicans, navigated the South’s binary racial logic. The book introduced new ways of thinking about Southern culture and history through the lens of Asian American identity...

Asian Americans in Opera: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives

Asian Americans in Opera: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives   Reference library

Nancy Yunhwa Rao

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Asian American Literature and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Society and culture, Literature, Literary theory and cultural studies
Length:
11,374 words
Illustration(s):
10

...Asian Americans have finally begun to receive opportunities for self-representation within mainstream and experimental opera institutions. Asian American communities have strongly supported these operas. For example, when Tan Dun’s The First Emperor was premiered at the Metropolitan Opera House in 2006 , it was specially promoted within Asian American communities. Similarly, when the San Francisco Opera premiered Chinese American writer Amy Tan’s opera The Bonesetter’s Daughter in 2008 , or Sheng’s Dream of the Red Chamber in 2016 , Asian American...

Asians and Asian Americans and the Performing Arts Prior to World War II

Asians and Asian Americans and the Performing Arts Prior to World War II   Reference library

Krystyn R. Moon

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Asian American Literature and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Society and culture, Literature, Literary theory and cultural studies
Length:
7,082 words
Illustration(s):
8

...and film. They often replicated stereotypes to find work; however, Asian and Asian American entertainers also hoped to sustain their artistry and undermine the racial status quo. By World War II, Asians and Asian Americans had participated in the American entertainment industry, despite innumerable hurdles, for over a century. Nineteenth-Century Asian Acts The majority of Americans had never met someone of Asian ancestry until American sea captains brought the first Asian acts to the United States in the early 19th century . These white...

Asian Americans and the 1992 Los Angeles Uprising

Asian Americans and the 1992 Los Angeles Uprising   Reference library

Shelley Sang-Hee Lee

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Urban History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
9,501 words

...in America,” in Koreans in the Hood , Koreans in the Hood: Conflict with African Americans , edited by Kwang Chung Kim , 64 (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University, Press, 1999). 17. Zia, Asian-American Dreams , 173. 18. Zia, Asian-American Dreams , 174. 19. Zia, Asian-American Dreams . 20. Zia, Asian-American Dreams , 179. 21. Zia, Asian-American Dreams , 177. 22. Zia, Asian-American Dreams , 178. 23. Zia, Asian-American Dreams . 24. The liquor manufacturer persuaded him to apologize. Zia, Asian-American Dreams , 177. 25. Zia, Asian...

Asian Americans

Asian Americans  

[This entry contains seven subentries: Overview; Practice Interventions; Chinese; Japanese, Koreans; South Asians; Southeast Asians.]The term Asian Americans encompasses the immigrants coming from ...
Asian American Ecocriticism

Asian American Ecocriticism   Reference library

Anita Mannur and Casey Kuhajda

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Asian American Literature and Culture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020

...an Asian American literary context. It inspires this survey of how scholarship brings together the fields of race and environmental studies and suggests strategic readings of environmentally focused Asian American literary works. Race in the US Ecocritical Imagination Cultural critic Robert Hayashi suggests that “with their common themes of immigration and acculturation, many Asian American literary works may seem unfit for ecocritical inquiry.” 2 Despite this common (mis)perception, Hayashi argues, Asian American works have much to say about how Asian...

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