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Arthur James Balfour

(b. Whittingehame, East Lothian, 25 July 1848; d. Woking, 19 Mar. 1930) British; leader of the House of Commons and First Lord of the Treasury 1891–2, 1895–1902, Prime Minister ...

Balfour, Arthur James

Balfour, Arthur James (1848–1930)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
65 words

..., Arthur James ( 1848–1930 ), British philosopher and statesman , Prime Minister ( 1902–5 ), and Foreign Secretary ( 1916–19 ). His Defence of Philosophic Doubt ( 1879 ), despite its title, endeavours to show that people’s ultimate convictions rest on the non-rational ground of religious faith. His Foundations of Belief ( 1895 ) attracted wide attention in view of his eminence as a...

Balfour, Arthur James

Balfour, Arthur James (1848–1930)   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
1,899 words

...1896–1908 privately printed (1909). Arthur James Balfour as Philosopher and Thinker , ed. Wilfrid Short (1912). Essays Speculative and Political (1920). Opinions and Argument (1927). Retrospect: An Unfinished Autobiography , ed. Blanche E. C. Dugdale (1930). Further Reading Dugdale, Blanche E. C. , Arthur James Balfour, First Earl of Balfour , 2 vols (1936). Mackay, Ruddock F. , Balfour: Intellectual Statesman (New York, 1985). Root, John D. , ‘ The Philosophical and Religious Thought of Arthur James Balfour ’, Journal of British Studies , vol. 12...

Balfour, Arthur James

Balfour, Arthur James   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sports Studies

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Society and culture
Length:
305 words

..., Arthur James ( 1848–1930 ) A prime minister of Great Britain, philosopher , and sports enthusiast , born into an aristocratic and high-achieving family including a brother who, professor of animal morphology at Cambridge, died mountaineering at the age of 30. Balfour's particular sporting loves were tennis and golf, and at Cambridge (Trinity College, 1866–9 ) he played court tennis. Inheriting a vast private fortune, Balfour constructed his own private golf course at one of his homes in Whittinghame, Scotland, captained the Royal & Ancient Club at...

Balfour, Arthur James

Balfour, Arthur James (25 July 1848)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
795 words

...Balfour, Arthur James (b. Whittingehame, East Lothian , 25 July 1848 ; d. Woking , 19 Mar. 1930 ) UK Prime Minister 1902–5 , Foreign Secretary 1916–19 ; Earl 1922 The grandson on his mother's side of the 2nd Marquess of Salisbury, Balfour was educated at Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge. He was elected to the House of Commons in 1874 , aged 26, and combined political activity with scholarship, penning several books on philosophy—his first, A Defence of Philosophic Doubt , was published in 1879 . In parliament, he was a member of Lord...

Balfour, Arthur James

Balfour, Arthur James (25 July 1848)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Political Biography (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
723 words

..., Arthur James (b. Whittingehame, East Lothian , 25 July 1848 ; d. Woking , 19 Mar. 1930 ) British ; leader of the House of Commons and First Lord of the Treasury 1891–2 , 1895–1902 , Prime Minister 1902–5 , Foreign Secretary 1916–19 ; Earl 1922 The grandson on his mother's side of the 2nd Marquess of Salisbury, Balfour was educated at Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge. He was elected to the House of Commons in 1874 , aged 26, and combined political activity with scholarship, penning several books on philosophy—his first, A Defence...

Arthur James Balfour

Arthur James Balfour (1848–1930)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Modern Quotations (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
158 words

...0ArthurJames Arthur James Balfour 1848 – 1930 British Conservative statesman , Prime Minister 1902–5 His Majesty's Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country. known as the ‘Balfour...

Arthur James Balfour

Arthur James Balfour (1848–1930)   Quick reference

Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
185 words

...0Arthur0James Arthur James Balfour 1848 – 1930 British Conservative statesman , Prime Minister 1902–5 His Majesty's Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country. known as the ‘Balfour...

Arthur James Balfour

Arthur James Balfour (1848–1930)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
485 words

...0Arthur0James Arthur James Balfour 1848 – 1930 British Conservative statesman and Prime Minister 1902–5; nephew of Lord salisbury . On Balfour: see churchill , churchill , lloyd george It is unfortunate, considering that enthusiasm moves the world, that so few enthusiasts can be trusted to speak the truth. letter to Mrs Drew, 19 May 1891; L. March-Phillips and B. Christian (eds.) Some Hawarden Letters (1917) ch. 7 few enthusiasts can be trusted trusted to speak the truth The tyranny of majorities may be as bad as the tyranny of...

Arthur James Balfour

Arthur James Balfour (1848–1930)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Political Quotations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
465 words

...0ArthurJames Arthur James Balfour 1848 – 1930 British Conservative statesman ; Prime Minister, 1902–5 . On Balfour: see churchill , churchill , lloyd george , lloyd george It is unfortunate, considering that enthusiasm moves the world, that so few enthusiasts can be trusted to speak the truth. letter to Mrs Drew, 19 May 1891 enthusiasm moves the world The tyranny of majorities may be as bad as the tyranny of Kings. watching the Belfast march past of Ulster Loyalists in 1893 in Times 5 April 1893 tyranny of majorities tyranny of ...

Arthur James Balfour

Arthur James Balfour (1848–1930)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Scientific Quotations

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
233 words

...Arthur James Balfour 1848 – 1930 British statesman and philosopher We sound the future, and learn that after a period, long compared with the divisions of time open to our investigation, the energies of our system will decay, the glory of the sun will be dimmed and the earth, tideless and inert, will no longer tolerate the race which has for a moment disturbed its solitude. Man will go down into the pit, and all his thoughts will perish. The Foundations of Belief: Being Notes Introductory to the Study of Theology (1895), 30–1 We sound the future...

Balfour, Arthur James, 1st Earl

Balfour, Arthur James, 1st Earl (1848–1930)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
174 words

..., Arthur James, 1st Earl ( 1848–1930 ) British statesman, nephew of Lord Salisbury . As Chief Secretary of Ireland ( 1887–91 ) he was an opponent of Home Rule and earned from the Irish the nickname “Bloody Balfour”. He served as Prime Minister ( 1902–05 ) but his government was undermined by his vacillation over tariff reform. His Education Act ( 1902 ) established a national system of secondary education. He created a Committee of Imperial Defence ( 1904 ), and helped to establish the entente cordiale ( 1904 ) with France. The Conservatives...

Arthur James Balfour 1848–1930

Arthur James Balfour 1848–1930   Quick reference

Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
112 words

...0Arthur0James999 Arthur James Balfour 1848–1930 The leal and trusty mastiff which is to watch over our interests, but which runs away at the first snarl of the trade unions…A mastiff? It is the right hon. Gentleman's poodle. on the House of Lords and A. J. Balfour respectively David Lloyd George 1863 – 1945 British Liberal statesman ; Prime Minister, 1916–22 in the House of Commons, 26 June 1907 right hon. Gentleman's poodle He will be just like the scent on a pocket handkerchief. on being asked what place Arthur Balfour would have in history...

Balfour, Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of

Balfour, Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of (1848–1930)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
84 words

..., Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of ( 1848–1930 ) British statesman , prime minister ( 1902–05 ), b. Scotland . Balfour succeeded his uncle, the Marquess of Salisbury , as prime minister. His government introduced educational reforms ( 1902 ), but the Conservative Party fractured over the tariff reform proposed by Joseph Chamberlain . Balfour resigned and the Conservatives lost the ensuing general election. Balfour returned to the cabinet in the coalition governments of Herbert Asquith and David Lloyd George . As foreign secretary, he issued...

Balfour, Arthur James, first earl of Balfour

Balfour, Arthur James, first earl of Balfour (1848–1930)   Reference library

John Wolffe

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
220 words

...Catholic Church. As foreign secretary he put his name to the 1917 Balfour Declaration, committing the British government to the cause of a Jewish homeland in Palestine, a stance that reflected his own sympathies for Christian Zionism. Ennobled as the earl of Balfour 1922. John Wolffe B. E. C. Dugdale (niece), Arthur James Balfour (2 vols, London, 1936). R. F. Mackay , Balfour: Intellectual Statesman (Oxford, 1985). E. H. H. Green , Balfour (London, 2006). R. J. Q. Adams , Balfour: The Last Grandee (London, 2007). D. M. Lewis , The Origins of...

Balfour, Arthur James, OM, 1st Earl of Balfour

Balfour, Arthur James, OM, 1st Earl of Balfour (1848–1930)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Writers and their Works (3 ed.)

..., Arthur James, OM, 1st Earl of Balfour ( 1848–1930 ) British statesman and philosopher A Defence of Philosophic Doubt ( 1879 ) Non-Fiction The Religion of Humanity ( 1888 ) Non-Fiction The Foundations of Belief ( 1895 ) Non-Fiction Decadence ( 1908 ) Non-Fiction Questionings on Criticism and Beauty ( 1909 ) Non-Fiction Theism and Humanism ( 1915 ) Non-Fiction Theism and Thought ( 1915 ) Non-Fiction Essays Speculative and Political ( 1920 ) Non-Fiction Chapters of an Autobiography ( 1930 ) Non-Fiction...

Balfour, Arthur James, 1st earl of

Balfour, Arthur James, 1st earl of   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
651 words

..., Arthur James, 1st earl of ( 1848–1930 ). Prime minister . Essentially a mid‐Victorian, Arthur Balfour seems miscast as a 20th‐cent. prime minister. Naturally fitted for life in a rural vicarage or an Oxford college, Balfour did in fact produce an original work, A Defence of Philosophic Doubt ( 1879 ), which critics thought summed up his approach to politics admirably. Balfour grew up on the family estate at Whittingehame in the Scottish borders; his father had been a Tory MP and his mother was a sister of Robert Cecil , the future Lord Salisbury. The...

Balfour, Arthur James, 1st earl of

Balfour, Arthur James, 1st earl of (1848–1930)   Reference library

Martin Pugh

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
755 words

..., Arthur James, 1st earl of ( 1848–1930 ) . Prime minister. Essentially a mid-Victorian, Arthur Balfour seems miscast as a 20th-cent. prime minister. He was the last representative of the traditional landed class to rise to the top and achieved it largely through the patronage of the 3rd marquis of Salisbury . Naturally fitted for life in a rural vicarage or an Oxford college, Balfour did in fact produce an original work, A Defence of Philosophic Doubt ( 1879 ), which his critics thought summed up his approach to politics admirably. Balfour grew up...

Balfour, Arthur James, 1st Earl of

Balfour, Arthur James, 1st Earl of (1848–1930)   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
314 words

..., Arthur James, 1st Earl of ( 1848–1930 ) British statesman and Conservative prime minister ( 1902–05 ). He is famous for the Balfour Declaration ( 1917 ), which stated Britain's support for ‘the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people’. He was created an earl in 1922 . Balfour was born in Scotland, a nephew of Robert Cecil , 3rd Marquess of Salisbury. He entered parliament as a Conservative MP in 1874 . In 1887 he became chief secretary for Ireland in Lord Salisbury's government. He opposed the scandal of English...

Balfour, Arthur James

Balfour, Arthur James   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
57 words
Balfour, Arthur James

Balfour, Arthur James   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
71 words

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