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Arthur Adamov

(1908–1970) Russian-born French dramatist, one of the most prominent exponents of the Theatre of the Absurd. Adamov was born into a wealthy Armenian family in ...

Adamov, Arthur

Adamov, Arthur   Reference library

The Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
185 words

..., Arthur ( 1908–70 ) French playwright , born in Russia of an Armenian family who settled in Paris in 1924 . Adamov was befriended by *Artaud and Roger *Blin and joined their *surrealist circle as a poet. Nearly twenty years of depression, drifting, and prison term followed. In 1946 , influenced by Strindberg , Freud , and *expressionism , Adamov wrote his first play, The Parody , staged in 1952 by Blin. Other plays that also combine dream structure with socio-political critique include Le Professeur Taranne ( 1953 ) and Le Ping-pong ...

Adamov, Arthur

Adamov, Arthur   Reference library

Sarah Bryant-Bertail

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
289 words

..., Arthur ( 1908–70 ) French playwright, born in Russia of an Armenian family who fled to Switzerland and Germany to escape ethnic violence, and finally settled in Paris in 1924 . Adamov was befriended by Artaud and Roger Blin and joined their surrealist circle as a poet. Nearly twenty years of depression, drifting, and a prison term followed, Adamov publishing nothing until L'Aveu ( The Confession , 1946 ), an account of his ordeal containing a manifesto of what would become the theatre of the absurd . Also in 1946 , influenced by ...

Adamov, Arthur

Adamov, Arthur (1908–70)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to the Theatre (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
146 words

..., Arthur ( 1908–70 ), Russian-born French dramatist. His first play, La Parodie , was not produced until 1952 , though written in 1947 . Two later plays, La Grande et la petite manœuvre and L'Invasion , had been performed in 1950 . His early work, including Le Professeur Taranne and Tous contre tous (both 1953 ), had much in common with the Theatre of the Absurd , as had Ping-Pong ( 1955 ), a satire on the world of commerce and politics. With Paolo Paoli , an exposure of the corruptions of the French social scene which was first produced by...

Adamov, Arthur

Adamov, Arthur (1908–1970)   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
306 words

..., Arthur ( 1908–1970 ) Russian-born French dramatist, one of the most prominent exponents of the Theatre of the Absurd. Adamov was born into a wealthy Armenian family in Kislovodsk; at the age of four he moved with his family to Germany. Having completed his education in Paris, he settled there in 1924 and became involved with surrealist groups, editing their journal Discontinuité and writing poetry. In 1938 he had a nervous breakdown; the neuroses that had plagued him since childhood and that were to form the bizarre inspiration for many of his...

Adamov, Arthur

Adamov, Arthur (23 Aug. 1908)   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
419 words

..., Arthur (b. Kislovodsk, Caucasus , 23 Aug. 1908 ; d. Paris , 15 March 1970 ) French playwright of Russian origin, son of a family which owned oil wells, appropriated by the state after 1917 . Having been sent to Switzerland in 1914 , Adamov moved with his family to Germany in 1922 and then to France in 1924 ; here, with his knowledge of Russian and German, he obtained commissions to translate many classics. He also developed a small reputation as a surrealist poet and met Artaud and others which began his interest in the theatre. In three...

Adamov, Arthur

Adamov, Arthur (1908–70)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
407 words

...he had few successes in the theatre, Adamov was highly regarded by leading directors such as Vilar , who admired the austerity of his early plays, and Planchon, to whom the Brechtian tendencies of his later plays appealed. He was the first French playwright to share Planchon's conviction of the political importance of mise en scène . The best production of his works was probably Planchon's posthumous tribute to him, A. A. Théâtres d'Adamov , performed at the TNP in 1975 . [ David Whitton ] See R. Gaudy , Arthur Adamov ...

Arthur Adamov

Arthur Adamov  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1908–1970)Russian-born French dramatist, one of the most prominent exponents of the Theatre of the Absurd.Adamov was born into a wealthy Armenian family in Kislovodsk; at the age of four he moved ...
Professor Taranne

Professor Taranne  

A: Arthur Adamov Pf: 1953, Lyons Pb: 1953 Tr: 1962 G: Drama in 2 scenes S: Police station and hotel, France, 1950s C: 9m, 5fA middle-aged man has been arrested by the police for indecent exposure. He ...
Lancelot Romances

Lancelot Romances  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The story of Lancelot of the Lake and his love for Arthur's queen, Guinevere (Guenièvre), with its mixture of highly idealized chivalric prowess and equally idealized love, has furnished western ...
Sylvain Maréchal

Sylvain Maréchal  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1750–1803).French dramatist and publicist whose early works—for which he suffered—hinted heavily at the atheism he would later preach openly. An early Jacobin, he was ardent in the popular cause ...
La mort le roi Artu

La mort le roi Artu  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Final part of the so-called Lancelot-Graal or Vulgate cycle of French prose Arthurian romances, written c.1225, and attributed, implausibly, to Walter Map. The romance, which underwent several later ...
Jean-Marie Serreau

Jean-Marie Serreau  

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(b. Poitiers, France, 28 April 1915; d. Paris, 1 June 1973)Director. Formed by Dullin and strongly marked by Brecht, he staged Adamov, Ionesco and Beckett, and linked the absurd ...
Roger Blin

Roger Blin  

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Overview Page
(1907–84),French actor and director, who made his first appearance in 1935 in an adaptation by Artaud of Shelley's The Cenci. He studied mime with Barrault, with whom he appeared ...
theatre of the Absurd

theatre of the Absurd  

Reference type:
Overview Page
An anti-political form of theatre that emerged in Europe in the 1950s, largely as a rejection of Bertolt Brecht's Epic Theatre. Inspired by Alfred Jarry's *'pataphysics, Franz Kafka's bleak stories, ...
Theatre of the Absurd

Theatre of the Absurd  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A term used to characterize the work of a number of European and American dramatists of the 1950s and early 1960s. As the term suggests, the function of such theatre is to give dramatic expression to ...
Unity Theatre

Unity Theatre  

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Overview Page
Influential left-wing company in London. Its first success was Odets's Waiting for Lefty (1936), and though much of its material was written by members and its actors were usually amateur ...
Roger Planchon

Roger Planchon  

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Overview Page
(1931–2009)French actor, director, and playwright, the successor to Vilar in espousing decentralized, popular theatre. Planchon founded the Théâtre de la Comédie in Lyon in 1953, presenting Marlowe, ...
Absurdism

Absurdism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...decades after World War II which seem to dramatize Albert Camus ' philosophical position in Le Mythe de Sisyphe ( 1942 ), translated as The Myth of Sisyphus ( 2005 ), that life is inherently absurd. Esslin identified Samuel Beckett , Eugene Ionesco , Jean Genet , and Arthur Adamov , later adding Harold Pinter to the list, as authors whose work typifies what he means by absurd. Although the work of these authors varies quite widely, it shares in common the creation of impossible situations, wordplay, a pervasive but indefinable sense of menace coupled...

Absurdism

Absurdism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...decades after World War II which seem to dramatize Albert Camus ’ philosophical position in Le Mythe de Sisyphe ( 1942 ), translated as The Myth of Sisyphus ( 2005 ), that life is inherently absurd. Esslin identified Samuel Beckett , Eugene Ionesco , Jean Genet , and Arthur Adamov , later adding Harold Pinter to the list, as authors whose work typifies what he means by absurd. Although the work of these authors varies quite widely, it shares in common the creation of impossible situations, wordplay, and a pervasive but indefinable sense of menace...

theatre of the absurd

theatre of the absurd   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
206 words

...seeking meaning in a universe that does not provide it. Esslin applied this term, somewhat misleadingly, to the new, primarily French experimental theatre of the 1950s – especially the works of Eugène Ionesco , Samuel Beckett , Jean Genet , Fernando Arrabal and Arthur Adamov . Ionesco suggested the term ‘theatre of the unexpected’ for his work, and Rosette Lamont proposed ‘metaphysical farce’, but the existentialist term ‘absurd’ has remained the most popular, though none of these writers was in fact an existentialist. Although the ‘absurdists’...

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