View:

Overview

Aristotelian

Subject: Literature

[a‐ris‐tŏ‐tee‐li‐ăn] Belonging to or derived from the works of the Greek philosopher Aristotle (384–322 bce), the most important of all ancient philosophers in his influence on ...

Aristotelianism

Aristotelianism   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the History of Modern Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Subject:
Science and technology, History of Science
Length:
971 words

... became the philosophy of the newly formed universities of Oxford and Paris and other higher schools during the thirteenth century. The Council of Trent ( 1545–1563 ) declared Thomistic Aristotelianism to be the official doctrine of the Roman Catholic church. Aristotelianism retained its cultural, theological, and intellectual dominance even in Protestant countries well into the seventeenth century although Aristotelian natural philosophy met with telling criticism during the Scientific Revolution . Elements of Aristotle 's philosophy continued...

Aristotelianism

Aristotelianism   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
873 words

... The modern term ‘ Aristotelianism ’, and its application to very different periods of intellectual history, suggests the idea that the central tenets of Aristotle’s thought can be codified in a set of finite propositions which then establish and define a distinctive philosophical and scientific system. On this basis, one might assume that there is a recognizable phenomenon known as ‘medieval Aristotelianism ’ and that it is appropriate for historians to classify the long and complex engagement of medieval thinkers with the ideas of Aristotle...

Aristotelianism

Aristotelianism   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
186 words

... Aristotle ’s influence originally survived through his own school, the Lyceum . His works were collected and edited by Andronicus of Rhodes, and commentaries continued until Justinian closed the pagan schools in ad 529 . Avicenna and Averroës contributed to the rebirth of Aristotelian studies in the West, which after mild attempts at suppression at the beginning of the thirteenth century burgeoned until Aristotle became ‘the philosopher’, the fountainhead and authority for the great medievals such as Albert the Great and especially ...

Aristotelianism

Aristotelianism   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
2,649 words

...for Copernicus and Galileo to undermine these parts of Aristotle's physical theories. Perhaps the nadir of this form of Aristotelianism was reached when Cremonini, a leading Aristotelian in Padua, refused to look through Galileo's telescope because he suspected that what he saw would conflict with his own theories. In the seventeenth century, Francis Bacon , Galileo, and Boyle developed more general attacks against Aristotelianism, accusing it of a resistance to scientific method and empirical observation. Hobbes complained of Aristotle's continuing...

Aristotelianism

Aristotelianism   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Italian Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
363 words

... . Throughout the Renaissance and well into the 17th c. Aristotelianism remained the dominant philosophical system in Italy, particularly in the universities [for Aristotelianism in the Middle Ages , see scholasticism ]. Petrarch , in De sui ipsius et multorum ignorantia , attacked contemporary Aristotelians for their impiety and unthinking subservience to the philosopher. Some later humanists shared his distaste for Aristotelianism; others such as Leonardo Bruni sought to recover the genuine Aristotle of antiquity by producing...

ARISTOTELIANISM

ARISTOTELIANISM   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
595 words

...the highest degree of intellectual perfection open to man,” except for prophetic inspiration. The effects of Aristotelianism on Jewish thought were profound and lasting. Aristotle’s philosophy gave new scope and discipline to the reasoning capacities of the mind, and the medieval Jewish philosophers were quick to apply it to the basic notions of religion (revelation, faith versus knowledge, immortality, etc.). On the one hand, Aristotelianism offered the possibility of a purer, less primitively anthropomorphic conception of God; on the other hand, it was...

Aristotle, Aristotelianism

Aristotle, Aristotelianism   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
1,700 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Sicily and Bartholomew of Messina tackled pseudo-Aristotelian writings like the De mundo , the Problemata and the Physionomia . Finally it was the turn of the greatest and most productive medieval translator, William of Moerbeke , who between 1260 and 1280 retranslated or revised nearly all the earlier versions of Aristotelian texts, and made the first Latin translation of works like the Politics and the Poetics , as well as several Greek commentaries. The diffusion of the new “Aristotelian library” was neither immediate nor unopposed. If, in...

Aristotelianism/Peripatetic Tradition in Islam

Aristotelianism/Peripatetic Tradition in Islam   Reference library

Bilal Ibrahim

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Science and technology
Length:
4,689 words

...to reconstruct an Aristotelian system based on the Alexandrian tradition noted above. He viewed himself as heir to a long line of Greek interpreters and as the first to resuscitate the proper study of (Aristotelian) philosophy in Islam. He continued the late-antique tradition but significantly modified and refined the Aristotelian system. In addition to his highly influential propaedeutic works and commentaries on Aristotelian texts, al-Fārābī authored independent works that synthesized various traditions of thought into the Aristotelian system. His most...

Aristotelianism

Aristotelianism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
Aristotle's influence originally survived through his own school, the Lyceum. His works were collected and edited by Andronicus of Rhodes, and commentaries continued until Justinian closed the pagan ...
Aristotelian

Aristotelian   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... [ a-ris-tŏ- tee -li-ăn ] Belonging to or derived from the works of the Greek philosopher Aristotle ( 384–322 bce ), the most important of all ancient philosophers in his influence on medieval science and logic, and on literary theory since the Renaissance . In his Poetics , Aristotle saw poetry in terms of the imitation or mimesis of human actions, and accordingly regarded the plot or mythos as the basic principle of coherence in any literary work, which must have a beginning, a middle, and an end. Since the Renaissance, his name has...

Aristotelian logic

Aristotelian logic   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Mathematics (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

... logic The formal deductive method of logic dealing with the relations between categorical propositions in their form as distinct from their content, especially syllogisms...

Aristotelian Society

Aristotelian Society   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
612 words

... Society The Aristotelian Society - or, to give it its full name, The Aristotelian Society for the Systematic Study of Philosophy – was founded in London in 1880 . Its founder and first president was Shadworth Hodgson , an independent philosopher who was as zealous for philosophy as he was ecumenical in his outlook. Hodgson's own philosophy was a somewhat idiosyncratic variation on familiar Kantian themes which, in some respects, anticipated Husserlian phenomenology . Despite being passionate about his own views, he never judged other philosophers...

Aristotelian Commentaries

Aristotelian Commentaries   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
2,253 words

...an Aristotelian, Athenodorus, who was a Stoic, as well as Boethius of Sidon, Ariston and Eudorus). Andronicus had done paraphrases of Aristotle's logic; Boethius of Sidon has done word-for-word commentaries. Even in these early days before the Christian era, Greek commentaries were thus following different forms. The most significant early Aristotelian commentator in the Latin world, however, was Anicius Manlius Severinus Boethius ( 475–524 ). He is famous for his Consolation of Philosophy and for his Theological Tractates , but in the Aristotelian...

Aristotelian Tradition

Aristotelian Tradition   Reference library

Maarten J. F. M. Hoenen and Aaron Looney

The Oxford Guide to the Historical Reception of Augustine

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
4,896 words

... Aristotelian Tradition In this article, the Aristotelian tradition is understood as the current that was set into after a great number of Aristotle's works—including the Physics, Metaphysics , and Ethics —were translated and commentated in the Latin West from the middle of the twelfth century onward. During this time, they gained increasing influence on the philosophical and theological debates. Commentaries and handbooks...

Aristotelian Philosophy, Influence of

Aristotelian Philosophy, Influence of   Reference library

The Biographical Encyclopaedia of Islamic Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy, Religion
Length:
994 words

...be considered an Aristotelian. While he follows Aristotle on areas such as knowledge and form, he decidedly rejects Aristotelian cosmology, preferring more orthodox Islamic theories of creation and volition. Some observers have commented that there is as much of Plato as there is of Aristotle in al-Kindi's work; in his own writings on the intellect and the soul, al-Kindi attempts a kind of fusion of Platonic and Aristotelian ideas. Further, one of his most important sources, the so-called Theologia Aristotelis , is not an Aristotelian work at all, but...

Aristotelian

Aristotelian   Quick reference

New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
707 words

... • antipodean , Crimean, Judaean, Korean • Albion • Gambian , Zambian • lesbian • Arabian , Bessarabian, Fabian, gabion, Sabian, Swabian • amphibian , Libyan, Namibian • Sorbian • Danubian , Nubian • Colombian • Serbian • Nietzschean • Chadian , Trinidadian • Andean , Kandyan • guardian • Acadian , Akkadian, Arcadian, Barbadian, Canadian, circadian, Grenadian, Hadean, Orcadian, Palladian, radian, steradian • Archimedean , comedian, epicedian, median, tragedian • ascidian , Derridean, Dravidian, enchiridion, Euclidean,...

Aristotelian

Aristotelian   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
43 words
Aristotelian

Aristotelian   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
43 words
Aristotelian

Aristotelian   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
21 words
Aristotelian

Aristotelian   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
159 words

View: