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Archibald Percival Wavell

(1883–1950). British general, commander‐in‐chief Middle East from July 1939, he directed campaigns against Italians after June 1940. In Cyrenaica he won a series of spectacular ...

Wavell, Archibald Percival

Wavell, Archibald Percival   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
111 words

..., Archibald Percival ( 1883–1950 ). British general , commander‐in‐chief Middle East from July 1939 , he directed campaigns against Italians after June 1940 . In Cyrenaica he won a series of spectacular victories from December 1940 to February 1941 , taking prisoner 130,000 Italians. He was then ordered to give priority to helping Greece. There, and in Africa, German contingents inflicted defeat and in spring 1941 both Cyrenaica and Greece were lost. In July Auchinleck took over and Wavell became C.‐in‐C., India. He could not stop the loss of...

Wavell, Archibald Percival

Wavell, Archibald Percival (1883–1950)   Reference library

R. A. C. Parker

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
170 words

..., Archibald Percival ( 1883–1950 ) . British general, commander-in-chief Middle East from July 1939 , he directed campaigns against Italians after June 1940 . In Cyrenaica he won a series of spectacular victories in December 1940 to February 1941 , taking prisoner 130,000 Italians. He was then ordered to give priority to helping Greece. There, and in Africa, German contingents inflicted defeat and in spring 1941 both Cyrenaica and Greece were lost. In July Auchinleck took over and Wavell became C.-in-C., India. In December 1941 , Wavell became...

Wavell, Archibald Percival, 1st Earl

Wavell, Archibald Percival, 1st Earl (1883–1950)   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
373 words

..., Archibald Percival, 1st Earl ( 1883–1950 ) British field-marshal who, as commander-in-chief of the Middle East forces, conducted a successful campaign against Italian forces in North Africa during the early stages of World War II. He was created Earl Wavell of Eritrea and Winchester in 1947 . The son of an army major, Wavell attended the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, and then joined the illustrious Black Watch regiment. He saw action in the Boer War, served on the Northwest Frontier in India, and lost the sight of an eye at Ypres in World War I....

Wavell, Archibald Percival, 1st Earl

Wavell, Archibald Percival, 1st Earl (1883–1950)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
113 words

..., Archibald Percival, 1st Earl ( 1883–1950 ) British field‐marshal and viceroy of India . In World War I he served in France (where he lost an eye) and in 1937–39 he commanded the British forces in Palestine. In 1939 he became commander‐in‐chief in the Middle East and won the victory of Sidi Barrani ( 1940 ) over the Italians. In 1941 , forced to divert some of his forces to Greece, and facing new German formations, he had to retreat in North Africa and was dismissed by Churchill. He then served in India, first as commander‐in‐chief from 1941...

Wavell, Archibald Percival, Earl Wavell of Cyrenaica

Wavell, Archibald Percival, Earl Wavell of Cyrenaica (5 May 1883)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
235 words

...Wavell, Archibald Percival, Earl Wavell of Cyrenaica ((b. Colchester , 5 May 1883 ; d. London , 24 May 1950 ) British field marshal , Viceroy of India 1943–7 Born into a military family, he was educated at Winchester and the Royal Military College, Sandhurst. He gained a commission in the army in 1901 , and served in the South African (Boer) War , in India, and (in World War I) in France and Palestine . He trained troops in the 1920s and 1930s, and in 1937 returned to Palestine to command the British troops there. In July 1939 , he became...

Wavell, 1st Earl Wavell, Field Marshal Archibald Percival

Wavell, 1st Earl Wavell, Field Marshal Archibald Percival (5 May 1883–24 May 1950)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Australian Military History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

..., 1st Earl Wavell, Field Marshal Archibald Percival ( 5 May 1883–24 May 1950 ) was the British C-in-C, Middle East Command, from July 1939 to July 1941 ; C-in-C in India, 1941–43 ; C-in-C, ABDA Command, 15 January– 25 February 1942 , and Viceroy of India, 1943–47 . His period in the Middle East was marked by sharp contrasts: he won important victories against Italian forces in Libya and in Ethiopia in 1940–41 , and against the Vichy French in Syria in 1941 ; but in Greece and Crete, where operations were mounted at Churchill's insistence against his...

Wavell, FM Archibald Percival, 1st Earl

Wavell, FM Archibald Percival, 1st Earl (1883–1950)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

..., FM Archibald Percival, 1st Earl ( 1883–1950 ). Wavell was educated at Winchester, commissioned into the Black Watch, and served in South Africa and India. In 1917 he was sent to represent the CIGS on Allenby 's staff in Egypt and became an admirer, later writing his biography. In 1939 he was appointed C-in-C Middle East, and it was under his command that O'Connor routed the Italian army, driving it from Egypt and across Libya. He could have concluded the campaign in North Africa had Churchill not ordered him to send troops to Greece. Having...

Archibald Percival Wavell

Archibald Percival Wavell  

(1883–1950).British general, commander‐in‐chief Middle East from July 1939, he directed campaigns against Italians after June 1940. In Cyrenaica he won a series of spectacular victories from December ...
V-Force

V-Force  

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British guerrilla organization formed by the C-in-C India, General Wavell, in April 1942, to attack Japanese lines of communication should the Japanese invade Assam during the Burma campaign. It was ...
Middle East Command

Middle East Command  

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British Army HQ activated in Cairo in August 1939 with General Wavell as C-in-C. Egypt, the Sudan, and Palestine-Jordan, which had all been separate army commands, now came, with Cyprus ...
Libyan Campaign, First

Libyan Campaign, First  

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(December 1940–February 1941),was the first major ground campaign involving Australian troops in the Second World War. The Australian 6th Division, which with the British 7th Armoured Division ...
Jaywick/Rimau

Jaywick/Rimau  

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Raids against shipping in Japanese-occupied Singapore were carried out by members of Special Operations Australia in 1943 and 1944. The two operations were devised and led by a British officer ...
ARCADIA

ARCADIA  

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Codename for the first Washington conference (22 December 1941 to 14 January 1942) at which Churchill, Roosevelt, and their military advisers hammered out future strategy and the mechanisms to be ...
Balkan campaign

Balkan campaign  

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Fought firstly by Greek troops and RAF units against Italian forces which invaded Greece in October 1940; then by Greek, British, and Commonwealth forces which resisted the German invasion of ...
ABDA Command

ABDA Command  

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Covering Burma, Malaya, the Netherlands East Indies and the Philippines (with the north-western part of Australia included from 24 January), was established on 15 January 1942 to reconcile the ...
Tobruk

Tobruk  

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A port on the Mediterranean coast of NE Libya, which was the scene of fierce fighting during the North African campaign in the Second World War.
Timor

Timor  

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In 1941 this island 450 km. (280 mi.) long, which lies only 800 km. (500 mi.) from northern Australia, was half-Portuguese and half-Dutch. The Japanese had planned, after occupying the whole island, ...
Netherlands East Indies

Netherlands East Indies  

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(NEI),colony in South-East Asia covering a huge area some 3,660 km. (2,275 mi.) wide by 1,825 km. (1,135 mi.) long, including Java, Sumatra, Dutch Borneo, Dutch New Guinea, Celebes, western Timor, ...
Chindits

Chindits  

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A member of the Allied forces behind the Japanese lines in Burma (now Myanmar) in 1943–5. The name comes from Burmese chinthé, a mythical creature.
Gaulle, Brig-General Charles de and the Free French

Gaulle, Brig-General Charles de and the Free French  

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During the night of 16/17 June 1940 the French government just formed by Marshal Pétain asked Germany for an armistice. On 18 June de Gaulle (1890–1970), broadcasting from London, declared ...

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