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Aragon

An autonomous region of NE Spain, bounded on the north by the Pyrenees and on the east by Catalonia and Valencia; capital, Saragossa. Formerly an independent kingdom, which was conquered ...

Aragon

Aragon   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Chaucer

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

... , province in north-east Spain, formerly the kingdom of Aragon, which was united, by royal marriage, with Catalonia in 1137 , a union which lasted until 1410 . The trumpeting referred to by Chaucer in The House of Fame (III.1248), was apparently a characteristic feature both of Aragonese and Catalan ceremonial. [ +Patricia Shaw Urdiales...

Aragon

Aragon   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
222 words

... or (Spanish) Aragón , A kingdom in north-eastern Spain which at its greatest extent, in the thirteenth century, included Catalonia, Montpellier, Valencia , the Balearics, and Sicily amongst its possessions; in the fourteenth century Sardinia and the duchy of Athens were acquired, and in the fifteenth Naples was conquered ( 1442 ). The empire of Aragon was divided after the death of Alfonso V in 1458 : his brother John II inherited Aragon, and Naples was bequeathed to his illegitimate son Ferrante I . King John , faced with the loss of much...

Aragón

Aragón (Spain)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...His illegitimate son Ramiro ( d. 1063 ) had governed the county during Sancho’s reign and he became the beneficiary on his father’s death in 1035 . Ramiro became the first King of Aragón. It joined with Catalonia in 1140 . In 1479 Aragón united with the Kingdom of Castile, ten years after Isabella of Castile had married her second cousin, Ferdinand of Aragón...

Aragón

Aragón   Reference library

Richard Mayson and Victor de la Serna

The Oxford Companion to Wine (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... , known as Aragon in English. Once a powerful kingdom whose sphere of influence stretched from the levante in the west as far as naples and sicily in the east, Aragón is now one of Spain’s 17 autonomous regions. In the north east of the country, it spans the broad valley of the River Ebro which is flanked by mountains on either side ( see map under spain ). The north is dominated by the Pyrenees, which feed water on to the arid Ebro plain. To the south and east the climate becomes progressively extreme as the land rises towards the central Spanish...

Aragón

Aragón   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
65 words

... Region in ne Spain. In 1479 the Kingdom of Aragón became part of Spain, but retained its own government, currency and military forces until the early 18th century. It is now an autonomous region, comprising the provinces of Huesca, Teruel, and Zaragoza. It produces grapes, wheat, and sugar-beet. Industries: textiles, chemicals, iron ore, marble, and limestone. Area: 47,670sq km (18,500sq mi). Pop. ( 2001 )...

Aragon

Aragon   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
1,383 words

...the Crown of Aragon progressively disappeared, first as a political entity, then as an institutional reality. J. M. Ramos Loscertales , El reino de Aragón bajo la dinastía pamplonesa , Salamanca, 1961. J. M. Lacarra , Aragón en el pasado , Madrid, 1972. Aragón en su historia , Saragossa, 1980. A. Ubieto , Historia de Aragón , Saragossa, 1981–1989. T. N. Bisson , The Medieval Crown of Aragon , Oxford, 1986. Historia de Aragón I. Generalidades , Saragossa, 1989. E. Lourie , Crusade and Colonisation: Muslims, Christians and Jews in medieval Aragon , Aldershot,...

Aragon

Aragon   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
1,074 words
Illustration(s):
1

... Originally a county, Aragon became a kingdom, roughly corresponding to the modern autonomous community of Aragon , under the rule of Ramiro I in 1035 . It formed part of the Crown of *Aragon . 1. 8th through 11th centuries 2. 12th century 3. 13th century 4. 14th through 15th centuries 1. 8th through 11th centuries A product of the Muslim invasions of Spain in the 8th century, the lands of the valleys above the river Aragon were home to Christian refugees who sought protection from the Franks, before Aznar Galíndez ( c .809–39 ) established a...

Aragon

Aragon   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Italian Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
102 words

... . Spanish dynasty implanted in Sicily by Peter I as a result of the anti-French revolt of the Sicilian Vespers ( 1282 ). Under Alfonso I ‘the Magnanimous’, the Castilian branch took Naples from the House of Anjou in 1442 , creating the first Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. With brief interludes Spanish domination was to continue, through Aragonese and Bourbon lines, until 1861 . Aragonese involvement with literature can be seen in particular in the Renaissance , with Alfonso I's backing for Lorenzo Valla 's famous exposure ( 1440 ) of the ...

Aragón

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Howard Sargeant

Dictionary Plus Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
58 words

...Aragón A region in north-eastern Spain and a self-governing kingdom until the early eighteenth century. The medieval kingdom ruled much of the southern Mediterranean. Now one of Spain’s autonomous regions, it comprises the provinces of Huesca, Zaragoza, and Teruel. Grapes and wheat are the main crops. Marble and limestone are quarried there. Land area 47,720 km 2 . Howard Sargeant...

Aragon, Louis

Aragon, Louis (1897–1982)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
19 words

..., Louis ( 1897–1982 ) French poet, novelist, and political activist, one of the founding members of Surrealism...

Aragon, Louis

Aragon, Louis (1897–1982)   Quick reference

Who's Who in the Twentieth Century

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
History
Length:
350 words

... ( 1963 ). During World War II Aragon was an active member of the intellectual Resistance, publishing the intensely patriotic poems of Le Crève-coeur ( 1941 ) and La Diane française ( 1945 ). Le Monde réel ( 1933–44 ), a cycle of four novels, and the six volumes of Les Communistes ( 1949–51 ) are chronicles of the march of communism, laden with Marxist propaganda. La Semaine sainte ( 1958 ; translated as Holy Week , 1961 ), one of Aragon's best-known novels, is a Marxist view of the France of 1815 . In 1953 Aragon founded the communist weekly ...

Aragon, Louis

Aragon, Louis (1897–1982)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
181 words

..., Louis ( 1897–1982 ) French poet , novelist , and political activist . He began his career under the influence of Dada. In 1919 , with André Breton and Philippe Soupault ( 1897–1990 ), he founded the review Littérature , which became the flagship of the French avant‐garde. In 1924 he became one of the founding members of Surrealism . His first collections of poetry were Feu de joie ( 1921 ) and Le Mouvement perpétuel ( 1926 ). In 1927 he joined the French Communist Party, before finally breaking with the Surrealist movement in 1932...

Aragon, Louis

Aragon, Louis (1897–1982)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
1,021 words

...as the most successful illustration of Socialist Realism in France, but because of the way in which it transcends it to produce genuine textual complexity. [ Nicholas Hewitt ] See R. Garaudy , L'Itinéraire d'Aragon (1961); Y. Gindine , Aragon prosateur surréaliste (1966); J. Sur , Aragon, le réalisme de l'amour (1966); P. Daix , Aragon, une vie à changer ...

Aragon, Louis

Aragon, Louis (1897–1982)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Writers and their Works (3 ed.)

..., Louis ( 1897–1982 ) French poet , novelist , essayist , and journalist Feu de joie [‘Bonfire’] ( 1921 ) Fiction Les Aventures de Télémaque ( 1922 ) Fiction Le Mouvement perpétuel [‘Perpetual Motion’] ( 1926 ) Poetry Le Paysan de Paris [‘The Peasant of Paris’] ( 1926 ) Fiction Traité du style [‘Treatise on Style’] ( 1928 ) Non-Fiction Le Crève-Coeur [‘Heartbreak’] ( 1941 ) Poetry Cantique à Elsa [‘Song to Elsa’] ( 1942 ) Poetry Les Yeux d'Elsa [‘Elsa's Eyes’] ( 1942 ) Poetry Aurélien ( 1944 ) Fiction Elsa ( 1959...

Aragon, Louis

Aragon, Louis (1897–1982)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
321 words

..., Louis ( 1897–1982 ) French poet and art critic , born and active in Paris. He was involved with Paris Dada and was one of the earliest members of the Surrealist movement. It was as such that he wrote one of the key documents of Surrealist art, La Peinture au défi ( 1930 ). Originally composed to accompany an exhibition of collage that included work by Picasso and Miró , Aragon's essay was a scabrous attack on painting as a precious commodity, and both revived the Dada attacks on the traditional forms of art and anticipated the critiques of...

Louis Aragon

Louis Aragon (1897–1982)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
108 words

...0Louis Louis Aragon 1897 – 1982 French poet , essayist , and novelist Ô mois des floraisons mois des métamorphoses Mai qui fut sans nuage et Juin poignardé Je n'oublierai jamais les lilas ni les roses Ni ceux que le printemps dans ses plis a gardé. O month of flowerings, month of metamorphoses, May without cloud and June that was stabbed, I shall never forget the lilac and the roses Nor those whom spring has kept in its folds. ‘Les lilas et les roses’ (1940) mois des floraisons mois des floraisons month of metamorphoses month of metamorphoses...

Aragon, Prince of

Aragon, Prince of   Reference library

Anne Button

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

..., Prince of . One of Portia’s unsuccessful suitors in The Merchant of Venice 2.9. Anne...

Aragon, House of

Aragon, House of   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
115 words

..., House of , The term used outside Aragon to denote the Aragonese rulers (often from cadet lines) who governed Majorca ( 1276–1343 ), Naples ( 1443–1501 ), Sicily ( 1282–1410 ), and Castile ( 1474–1504 ). Within Aragon, the rulers came from three distinct dynasties: the House of Navarre ( 1035–1164 ), the House of Barcelona ( 1164–1410 ), and the House of Trastámara ( 1412–1516 ). Some Aragonese rulers in territories outside Aragon also belonged to one of these dynasties: Ferdinand V was regarded as Aragonese in Castile but in Aragon (where he was...

Aragon, Crown of

Aragon, Crown of   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
253 words

..., Crown of An appellation used to refer to the federation of realms that came to include *Catalonia , *Aragon , *Valencia , and an array of Mediterranean possessions. The crisis following *Alfonso I of Aragon’s death without a successor was resolved through the marriage of his daughter to Count *Ramon Berenguer IV of *Barcelona in 1137 , an alliance that united Barcelona-dominated Catalonia with the kingdom of *Aragon under a single count-king. Initially Catalonian and Aragonese shared interests in the merger, which promised to foster...

Catherine of Aragon

Catherine of Aragon (1485–1536)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
87 words

...of Aragon ( 1485–1536 ) Daughter of Ferdinand and Isabella , she was the first queen of Henry VIII of England ( 1509 ). Her only surviving child was a daughter ( Mary I ). The need to produce a male heir, combined with Henry's desire for Anne Boleyn , induced him to seek an annulment ( 1527 ) on the grounds of her previous marriage to his brother Arthur. Pope Clement VII 's procrastination led to the break with Rome and to the English Reformation . The annulment was granted by Thomas Cranmer In 1533...

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