Update

You are looking at 1-20 of 1,096 entries  for:

  • All: Arab revolt x
clear all

View:

Overview

Arab revolt

(1916) A revolt against Turkish rule in the Middle East. In July 1915 Hussein ibn Ali, Sherif of Mecca, negotiated with Britain about rising up against the Ottoman Empire, a ...

Arab Revolt

Arab Revolt   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Politics in the Middle East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
135 words

...Arab Revolt ( 1916 ) Military campaign against the Ottoman Empire during the First World War instigated by Sharif Hussein of Mecca . The Arab Revolt began in June 1916 when Arab forces commanded by the Sharif’s sons attacked Ottoman garrisons at Medina and Mecca and proclaimed their intent to create a unified Arab state. The seizure of the Red Sea ports of Jeddah, Yanbu, and Rabegh in July 1916 facilitated the supply of British arms and money to the Arab forces, as well as a British military mission which included T. E. Lawrence. Arab forces...

Arab Revolt

Arab Revolt (1916)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
210 words

...Arab Revolt ( 1916 ) A revolt against Turkish rule in the Middle East. In July 1915 Hussein ibn Ali , Sharif of Mecca, negotiated with Britain about rising up against the Ottoman Empire , a German ally during World War I, which ruled the Middle East at the time. In return, the British High Commissioner in Egypt, Sir Henry McMahon , promised that Britain would support Arab independence once Turkish control had come to an end. The revolt began in June 1916 , when an Arab army of some 70,000 men, financed by Britain and led by Faisal I , moved against...

Arab revolt

Arab revolt (1916–18)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

... revolt ( 1916–18 ). During WW I , Britain and her Allies found allies against the Ottoman Turks from among Arab nationalists. The most famous of the many revolts against the Turks was that headed by Sharif Hussayn , ruler of the Holy Cities of the Hijaz, and his son Faisal. They received military support from the French as well as the British and had several advisers, the most famous of whom, Capt (later Col) Lawrence , became known as ‘Lawrence of Arabia’. Although criticized then and now for headline grabbing, Lawrence is still regarded as an...

Arab revolt

Arab revolt  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1916)A revolt against Turkish rule in the Middle East. In July 1915 Hussein ibn Ali, Sherif of Mecca, negotiated with Britain about rising up against the Ottoman Empire, a German ally during World ...
Muslim Unity and Arab Unity

Muslim Unity and Arab Unity   Reference library

Sāti‘ Al-Husrī

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
2,703 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... Muslim Unity and Arab Unity Born in North Yemen of Syrian parents, he was educated as an official in the Ottoman Empire. After the Arab Revolt, he was Minister of Education for Faysal's brief reign in Syria. The leading proponent of Arab unity and Arabism between the two world wars, he became Director General of Cultural Affairs for the Arab League and then Dean of the Institute of Higher Arab Studies in Cairo. Written in 1944 toward the end of World War II, as the French were about to leave Syria and Lebanon, this essay defends the author’s long-standing ...

Contemporary Arab Ideology

Contemporary Arab Ideology   Reference library

‘Abdallāh Laroui

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
3,555 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...by those seeking to end the decline of Arab civilization. These individuals maintain that the Arab is naturally free but that his freedom has historically been appropriated by imperialist outsiders like the Ottomans; the solution would be to remove alien rule. Finally, Laroui addresses what he believes to be the false prescription of those who believe technology and industry will alone suffice to reverse Arab decline. Having critiqued the shortcomings of each of these perspectives, he concludes that Arab and “Western” ideology cannot in any event be...

The Caliphate and the Bases of Power

The Caliphate and the Bases of Power   Reference library

‘Alī ‘Abd Al-Rāziq

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
4,018 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...organi-zation, no governors, no judges, no ministers. . . . A Universal Religious Message, not an Arab State Islam, as we have seen, is a sublime appeal enunciated by God for the good of the entire world, East and West, Arab and non-Arab, man and woman, rich and poor, learned and ignorant. It is a religious unity by which God wished to unite humanity and which he willed to extend to all the countries of the earth. . . . Arabia, as is known, contained Arab groupings belonging to different tribes and peoples, speaking different dialects, living in different...

1 Maccabees

1 Maccabees   Reference library

U. Rappaport and U. Rappaport

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
27,583 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...not of the Seleucid dynasty. ‘Imalkue the Arab’, son of Zabdiel, who killed Alexander ( v. 17 ) but brought up his son. ( 11:41–51 ) vv. 41–4 , Jonathan tried to benefit from the difficult situation of Demetrius II, and to achieve more independence. He requested the evacuation of the remaining forces in Judea, especially those in the Akra. Demetrius prudently agreed to Jonathan's demand, but on condition of military help against the rebels. Jonathan accepted, and sent Jewish troops to Antioch. vv. 45–51 , the revolt of the Antiochians and its suppression is...

Visions of Kingdoms: From Pompey to the First Jewish Revolt

Visions of Kingdoms: From Pompey to the First Jewish Revolt   Reference library

Amy-Jill Levine

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
19,480 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...that the urban populations were much less in favor of the revolt than the rural peasants. To what extent the revolt represented the sentiments of the full population is not known. Agrippa II sought peace; sailing immediately from Alexandria to Jerusalem, he sent three thousand soldiers to attempt to remove the Zealots, but receiving almost no help from the inept Florus, he failed. Unlike his son, the high priest as well as the majority of the Sadducees could see no benefit from the revolt. Yet the lower-ranking priests did have reason to rebel....

Our Decline and Its Causes

Our Decline and Its Causes   Reference library

Amīr Shakīb Arslān

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
2,183 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...War he spent much of his time in Europe. He was a link between Middle Eastern and North African Islam, and a proponent of Arab causes at the League of Nations. He published a periodical La Nation Arabe . His writings emphasize the Islamic nature of Arab Nationalism. Here, in an essay that appeared in 1930 at the height of British and French imperialism in the Middle East, Arslan writes that if Islam was the cause of the glory of the Arabs, then their losing touch with the basic message of this faith is the reason for their “deplorably unsatisfactory”...

We Must Think Before We Act; September 11 Was a Gift to the U.S. Administration

We Must Think Before We Act; September 11 Was a Gift to the U.S. Administration   Reference library

Muhammad Husain Fadlallah Sayyid

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
5,608 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...were not called into doubt, but they had not the stature to prevent violence or to embody the umma in their person. And yet the umma accepted them as its personification and when an Islamic personage died we had the habit of saying that Islam died, or when an Arab personage died, that the Arabs died and collapsed, and the like. This is why the phenomenon of Ben Laden with all his personal traits gave the impression of many marvels. There was no discussion of details because the details were not clear at least in as far as style, culture, the nature of the...

Islamic Solidarity

Islamic Solidarity   Reference library

Sayyid Jamāl and Al-Dīn Al-Afghānī

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
2,071 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...own time. They set little value on either ethnic ties or racial sentiment but take only religious ties into consideration. That is why one can say that an Arab has no aversion to domination by Turks, why the Persian accepts the sovereignty of the Arab, and why the Indian obeys the laws of the Afghan without any bitterness or hesitancy among them. That is why one also can assert that the Muslim does not revolt or protest against either the regimes which impose themselves over him or against the transfer of power from one tribe to another so long as the possessor...

Minorities in a Democracy

Minorities in a Democracy   Reference library

Humayun Kabir

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
7,430 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...but wherever the Arabs brought Islam, there was on the whole greater accommodation. We thus find that the number of Muslims was greater in the areas under Arab influence, in the areas where Sufis and Saints and Fakirs taught. In these areas the religion generally spread as a revolutionary and liberating force. We do not always remember today that when Islam first appeared on the stage of world history, it came as a great liberal and democratic movement. It was a revolt of the intellectual as well as a revolt of the underprivileged. It...

Introduction to the Apocrypha

Introduction to the Apocrypha   Reference library

Martin Goodman

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
10,268 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...revolt in 66–70 and 132–5 ce . 12. There was a revolt in 6 ce when a census was imposed as part of the organization of the new province, but this phenomenon can also be observed in other provinces in this period. Despite a mass protest in 40 ce when the emperor Gaius Caligula attempted to have a statue of himself erected in the temple, and occasional disturbances in Jerusalem at the times of mass pilgrimage on the festivals, the Romans left Judea lightly garrisoned down to 66 ce and evidently did not consider the Jews a particular threat. The revolt in...

Adaptation of Islamic Jurisprudence to Modern Social Needs

Adaptation of Islamic Jurisprudence to Modern Social Needs   Reference library

Subhī Mahmasānī

Islam in Transition: Muslim Perspectives (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
2,780 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...some traditions and disagreement regarding others. As an example of fabricated traditions, one may cite the following: “The sea is of hell.” “The mouse is Jewish.” “Eggplant is the cure of all sickness.” Modernist jurists, such as Ibn Taimiyyat and Muhammad ‘Abduh, also revolted against this deplorable situation. They began to examine traditions in the light of the principles of jurisprudence and reason. . . . The remedy of this evil is obvious and within reach. All forged tra-ditions without exception should be discarded. Nothing should remain except those...

Israel among the Nations: The Persian Period

Israel among the Nations: The Persian Period   Reference library

Mary Joan Winn Leith

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
21,095 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...Or Ezra 4.7–23 could be set in the reign of Artaxerxes I, associating it with the Egyptian revolt of 460 or with Ezra himself, who was exceeding his imperial brief by attending to the walls. Unfortunately Ezra 4.7–23 continues to resist attempts at secure dating and has been assigned to the reigns of every Persian king from Cyrus to Artaxerxes I. The fallen walls of Nehemiah 1.3 could have been caused by an isolated event, such as a raid by an Arab tribe from the south. As the biblical text now stands, Nehemiah 1.3 is a literarily shaped story...

Participation in Non-Islamic Government

Participation in Non-Islamic Government   Reference library

Rachid Ghannouchi

Liberal Islam: A Sourcebook

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
4,498 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...become the leading political opposition in Tunisia, and Ghannouchi its leading figure. After a decade in and out of prison for his political activities, Ghannouchi left Tunisia for Europe in the early 1990s. While similar movements elsewhere in North Africa have turned to armed revolt and antidemocratic rhetoric, Ghannouchi continues to resist radicalization. 1 In this paper, Ghannouchi argues for democratic power-sharing as a nonviolent means to effect a transition to Islamic rule. ...

2 Maccabees

2 Maccabees   Reference library

R. Doran and R. Doran

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
20,060 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...2 Maccabees R. Doran Introduction A. Title. The title, the Second Book of Maccabees, is a convenient tag to distinguish this collection of documents from the other history of the Maccabean revolt known as the First Book of Maccabees. 1 and 2 Maccabees, therefore, are not the titles for a two-volume work on the Maccabean revolt, but are quite distinct. B. Subject-Matter and Literary Genre. 1. 2 Maccabees is composed of three documents, two letters prefixed to an epitome of a larger historical work. There is no explicit connection between the two prefixed letters...

Between Alexandria and Antioch: Jews and Judaism in the Hellenistic Period

Between Alexandria and Antioch: Jews and Judaism in the Hellenistic Period   Reference library

Leonard J. Greenspoon

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
18,478 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

... Palestine under the Hasmoneans For most of those who celebrate Hanukkah today, the rededication of the Temple marks the end of the Maccabean revolt or at least the end of their knowledge of the revolt. In fact, the three years thus far covered constitute only the first part of a prolonged period marked by continued Syrian-Jewish fighting and increasingly bitter internal Jewish squabbling. The dangers inherent in hellenization became clearer at least...

Forging an Identity: The Emergence of Ancient Israel

Forging an Identity: The Emergence of Ancient Israel   Reference library

Lawrence E. Stager

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
19,872 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
4

...pastoralist backgrounds. The Peasants' Revolt Hypothesis The third leading hypothesis to account for the emergence of ancient Israel was posed by George E. Mendenhall and elaborated further by Norman Gottwald. For them, the Israelites consisted mainly of oppressed Canaanite peasants who revolted against their masters and withdrew from the urban enclaves of the lowlands and valleys to seek their freedom elsewhere, beyond...

View: