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Arab Nationalism

Subject: Religion

Defined by an anticolonial ethos and the glorification of origins and history in the face of Western dominance experienced by Arab countries in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Aims ...

Arab nationalism

Arab nationalism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Politics in the Middle East

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
307 words

... Free Officers Movement adopted Arab nationalism as a tool in the struggle against colonialism and Israel. Pan-Arab organizations such as the Movement of Arab Nationalists became influential political actors in Syria, Iraq, and the Arab Gulf States in the 1950s and 1960s. The Movement of Arab Nationalists was aligned closely with Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser , who became the standard-bearer of Arab nationalism, but Nasser’s attempt to form a union of Egypt and Syria foundered in acrimony in 1961 . Arab nationalism waned after defeat by Israel in...

Arab Nationalism

Arab Nationalism   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,549 words

... Nationalism . The concept of Arab nationalism has been invoked by Arab monarchs as well as revolutionists; pro-Westerners and anti-Westerners; advocates of secularism and exponents of religion; capitalists and socialists; democrats and dictators. In fact, it has been put to so many contradictory uses that its meaning is far from clear. One thing is clear, however: nationalism is a potent factor in Arab political culture . Public opinion surveys show that most Arabs feel an “Arab identity,” though the meaning of such identity can range from a diffuse...

Arab Nationalism

Arab Nationalism   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
122 words

...Arab Nationalism Defined by an anticolonial ethos and the glorification of origins and history in the face of Western dominance experienced by Arab countries in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Aims at political reunification of all Arabic-speaking states. Roots traced by some scholars to eighteenth-century reform movements or nineteenth-century anticolonial movements; others consider it a twentieth-century phenomenon based on Arabic language and culture. Manifested in the Arab revolt against the Ottoman Empire during World War I to protest its...

Arab Nationalism

Arab Nationalism   Reference library

Bahgat Korany and Joseph A. Kéchichian

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Politics
Length:
2,845 words

... Nationalism . Like other strands of third-world nationalism, qawmīyah ʿarabīyah (Arab nationalism) is best understood within an anticolonial ethos, as is its glorification of the Arab origins and history in the face of Western dominance. Arab nationalism must be assessed as a political movement essentially confined to the twentieth century. Its bases and components originated with the presence of the Arabic language itself or with aspects of Arab social, intellectual, and political culture. At present there is consensus around the view of Sāṭiʿ al-Ḥusrī...

Arab Nationalism

Arab Nationalism   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
4,074 words

...have dealt with Arab nationalism as part of the evolution of Arab political thought rather than applying empirical political science methods. The Centre for Arab Unity Studies in Beirut has pioneered the empirical approach by commissioning two sociological research teams. One team applied content analysis to the study of historical material of Arab ideologues to dissect the emergence, evolution, and components of Arab nationalism. The second team applied survey methods and interviews to measure the state of public opinion toward Arab nationalism and unity in at...

Arab Nationalism

Arab Nationalism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Defined by an anticolonial ethos and the glorification of origins and history in the face of Western dominance experienced by Arab countries in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Aims at ...
36 The History of the Book in the Balkans

36 The History of the Book in the Balkans   Reference library

Aleksandra B. Vraneš

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
3,947 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...century, only one printing house operated in Zagreb ( 1664 ), but during the 18 th and early 19 th centuries, seven presses were working on Croatia territory. A Venetian printer, Carlo Antonio Occhi, published 50 books at his press in Dubrovnik in 1783–7 . Croatian Romantic nationalism emerged in the mid-19 th century to counteract the apparent Germanization and Magyarization of the country. The Illyrian movement attracted a number of influential figures from the 1830s onward, and produced some important advances in Croatian culture and language. These...

pan-Arabism

pan-Arabism  

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Overview Page
The idea that the Arabs are a distinct people with a common language, history, and culture. Pan‐Arabism emerged in the former Arab provinces of the Ottoman Empire. When the shock of the disappearance ...
Ba'athism

Ba'athism  

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Refers to the political philosophy of the Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party (hizb al‐ba'ath al‐arabi al‐ishtiraki). This party is the result of the 1952 merger of two parties—the Arab Ba'ath Party founded ...
Abd al-Aziz al- Duri

Abd al-Aziz al- Duri  

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Subject:
Religion
(b. 1919)Iraqi educator and Arabist social historian. Focuses on Arab nationalism and identity as a cultural and linguistic matter rather than an ethnic, regional, or religious issue. Considers Islam ...
Abu Khaldun Sati al- Husri

Abu Khaldun Sati al- Husri  

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Subject:
Religion
(d. 1968)Ottoman ideologist, educational reformer, secular Arab nationalist, and pan-Arabist. Saw secular educational reform as a means of instilling patriotism in youth. Developed a theory of Arab ...
Ḥusayn Ibn ʿAlī (c. 1853–1931)

Ḥusayn Ibn ʿAlī (c. 1853–1931)  

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Religion
Ḥusayn ibn ʿAlī (c.1853–1931),was an amīr and sharīf of Mecca and leader of the Arab revolt against the Ottomans in World War I. Ḥusayn, of the ʿAwn branch of the ...
Arab Socialism

Arab Socialism  

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Subject:
Religion
In the Arab context, defined as state-sponsored economic development, as manifested in Nasserism and Baathism as state ideologies of Egypt in the 1950s and 1960s and of Iraq and Syria from the 1960s ...
Baʿth Parties

Baʿth Parties  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The Arab Socialist Baʿth Party was founded in Syria in the early 1940s by a group led by two Damascene teachers, Michel ʿAflaq (Greek Orthodox by origin) and Ṣalāḥ al-Dīn ...
Abd al-Rahman al- Kawakibi

Abd al-Rahman al- Kawakibi  

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Subject:
Religion
(d. 1902)Also known as al-Sayyid al-Furati and Traveler K. Syrian Islamic revivalist and advocate of Arab caliphate. Influenced by reform ideas of Jamal al-Din al-Afghani (d. 1897) and Muhammad Abduh ...
Arab League

Arab League  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
An organization of Arab states, founded in Cairo, Egypt in 1945. The principal aims of the League are to protect the independence and sovereignty of its members and to strengthen the ties between ...
al-Ḥājj Amīn al- Ḥusaynī

al-Ḥājj Amīn al- Ḥusaynī  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Al-ḥājj Amīn al-Ḥusaynī (1895–1974)was a muftī of Jerusalem and a nationalist leader during the period of British rule over Palestine (1917–1948). Al-Ḥājj Amīn al-Ḥusaynī came from an aristocratic ...
Abul Hasan Ali Nadwi

Abul Hasan Ali Nadwi  

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Subject:
Religion
(d. 2000)A leading religious scholar and Muslim public intellectual of contemporary India and the author of numerous books on history, biography, contemporary Islam, and the Muslim community in ...
Nahḍah

Nahḍah  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Renaissance. Commonly refers to the revival of Arabic literature and culture in the Levant and Egypt from the mid-nineteenth century to World War I. Authors sought to revive classical forms of ...
Nasserism

Nasserism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Political movement calling for the liberation of Arabs and all Afro-Asian states colonized or dominated by Western powers, with Egypt playing a key leadership role. Influence grew as Gamal Abdel ...

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