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Apollonian

Subject: Literature

Rational and controlled; in the philosophy of the German philosopher Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (1844–1900), of or relating to static qualities of form, reason, harmony, and sobriety. ...

Apollonian

Apollonian adj.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... adj. Rational and controlled; in the philosophy of the German philosopher Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche ( 1844–1900 ), of or relating to static qualities of form, reason, harmony, and sobriety. Compare Dionysian . [Named after Apollo, the Greek god of light, poetry, music, healing, and...

Apollonian/Dionysian

Apollonian/Dionysian   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
63 words

.../Dionysian Contrast introduced by Nietzsche in The Birth of Tragedy ( 1872 ) between the spirit of order, rationality, and intellectual harmony, represented by Apollo, and the spirit of ecstatic, spontaneous will to life, represented by Dionysius. In later writings Apollo became, confusingly, more identified with Christian virtues, leaving a calm classicist such as Goethe oddly classified as a Dionysian...

Apollonian and Dionysian

Apollonian and Dionysian   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... and Dionysian Terms for the twin principles which the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche detected in Greek civilization in his early work Die Geburt der Tragödie ( The Birth of Tragedy , 1872 ). Nietzsche was challenging the usual view of Greek culture as ordered and serene, emphasizing instead the irrational element of frenzy found in the rites of Dionysus (the god of intoxication known to the Romans as Bacchus). He associated the Apollonian tendency with the instinct for form, beauty, moderation, and symmetry, best expressed in Greek...

Apollonian and Dionysiac religion

Apollonian and Dionysiac religion   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
31 words

... and Dionysiac religion . Contrasted forms of religion, the former being reflective and rational, the latter ecstatic and fervent. The distinction in its modern form derives from the work of Nietzsche...

Apollonian

Apollonian   Quick reference

New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
707 words

... • antipodean , Crimean, Judaean, Korean • Albion • Gambian , Zambian • lesbian • Arabian , Bessarabian, Fabian, gabion, Sabian, Swabian • amphibian , Libyan, Namibian • Sorbian • Danubian , Nubian • Colombian • Serbian • Nietzschean • Chadian , Trinidadian • Andean , Kandyan • guardian • Acadian , Akkadian, Arcadian, Barbadian, Canadian, circadian, Grenadian, Hadean, Orcadian, Palladian, radian, steradian • Archimedean , comedian, epicedian, median, tragedian • ascidian , Derridean, Dravidian, enchiridion, Euclidean, Floridian,...

Apollonian

Apollonian adjective   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
20 words
Apollonian

Apollonian adjective   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
57 words
Apollonian

Apollonian adjective   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
55 words
Apollonian

Apollonian adjective   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
22 words
Apollonian

Apollonian adjective   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
22 words
Apollonian

Apollonian  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Rational and controlled; in the philosophy of the German philosopher Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (1844–1900), of or relating to static qualities of form, reason, harmony, and sobriety. Compare ...
Dionysian

Dionysian  

Spontaneous and uncontrolled; in the philosophy of the German philosopher Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (1844–1900), of or relating to creative qualities of spontaneity, irrationality, and rejection of ...
Dionysian and Apollinian

Dionysian and Apollinian  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(or Apollonian).Nietzsche's designations of two different Greek art forms and artistic tendencies, reflecting two fundamental human and natural impulses. He invoked the names of the gods Apollo and ...
Apollonia

Apollonia  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. c.249),aged deaconess of Alexandria and martyr. Denis, bishop of Alexandria, described her death as follows: “They seized that marvellous aged virgin Apollonia, broke out all her teeth with blows ...
Oswald Spengler

Oswald Spengler  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1880–1936)German philosopher of history.Spengler was educated at the universities of Munich, Berlin, and Halle, completing in 1904 a PhD thesis on Heraclitus. He worked as a grammar-school teacher ...
Propertius

Propertius  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Roman elegiac poet, between 54 and 47 bc, at Asisium, where his family were local notables. His father died early, and the family property was diminished by Octavian's confiscations of 41–40 bc (see ...
Friedrich Nietzsche

Friedrich Nietzsche  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(b Röcken, 15 Oct. 1844; d Weimar, 25 Aug. 1900).German philosopher. His influence on 19th- and 20th-century thought has been profound. He first met Wagner in 1868 and under ...
Dionysian

Dionysian adj.   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Psychology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... adj. Spontaneous and uncontrolled; in the philosophy of the German philosopher Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche ( 1844–1900 ), of or relating to creative qualities of spontaneity, irrationality, and rejection of discipline. Compare Apollonian . [Named after Dionysus, the Greek god of wine and bestower of...

Winckelmann, Johann Joachim

Winckelmann, Johann Joachim (1717–68)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
126 words

...quality, its sense of proportion, and its ‘noble simplicity and quiet grandeur’, he exerted an immense influence on subsequent thought and literature (e.g. on Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Friedrich Schiller ). Friedrich Nietzsche later rebelled against Winckelmann's ‘Apollonian’ view of Greek culture in his first work, The Birth of Tragedy . Winckelmann was the subject of an essay by Walter Pater and of The Conversion of Winckelmann by Alfred Austin . See Alex Potts , Flesh and the Ideal: Winckelmann and the Origins of Art History (1994)....

Dionysian and Apollinian

Dionysian and Apollinian   Reference library

Richard Schacht

The Oxford Companion to Philosophy (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
116 words

...and Apollinian (or Apollonian). Nietzsche's designations of two different Greek art forms and artistic tendencies, reflecting two fundamental human and natural impulses. He invoked the names of the gods Apollo and Dionysus to identify and distinguish them in his discussion of the origin of the tragic art and culture of the Greeks (which he traced to their confluence), associating Apollo with order, lawfulness, perfected form, clarity, precision, self-control, and individuation, and Dionysus with change, creation and destruction, movement, rhythm,...

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