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Antoine-Henri Jomini

(1779–1869) Swiss authority on the art of war who wrote histories of the campaigns of Frederick the Great and of Napoleon, in whose service he fought. In his writings he ...

Jomini, Antoine-Henri

Jomini, Antoine-Henri (1779–1869)   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

..., Antoine-Henri ( 1779–1869 ) Swiss authority on the art of war who wrote histories of the campaigns of Frederick the Great and of Napoleon, in whose service he fought. In his writings he concentrated on the offensive strategy of napoleonic warfare . He has been mistakenly credited with influencing the generals of the Civil War , who were influenced by...

Jomini, Antoine‐Henri

Jomini, Antoine‐Henri (1779–1869)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

..., AntoineHenri ( 1779–1869 ), authority on the art of war. A Swiss citizen in Napoleon 's service, Jomini wrote profusely while becoming a general officer and chief of staff to Marshal Michel Ney and then had a long career in the Russian Army. In his histories of the campaigns of Frederick the Great , the French Revolution, and Napoleon, Jomini expounded what he saw as the essence of the offensive strategy of Napoleonic warfare . In this, he assumed dispersed armies and advocated the use of interior lines of communication and supply, concentration...

Jomini, Baron Antoine-Henri de

Jomini, Baron Antoine-Henri de (1779–1869)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

..., Baron Antoine-Henri de ( 1779–1869 ), Swiss-born French and Russian soldier and strategic theorist. Jomini was the most influential of many 19th-century military writers who believed they had found, in the campaigns of Napoleon , a basis for establishing the conduct of war on a scientific footing. In the course of his long life, Jomini produced dozens of volumes on the history and theory of war, of which the best remembered is his Summary of the Art of War ( 1837–8 ). Everything he wrote was oriented toward a common theme: that the conduct of war...

Antoine-Henri Jomini

Antoine-Henri Jomini  

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Overview Page
(1779–1869) Swiss authority on the art of war who wrote histories of the campaigns of Frederick the Great and of Napoleon, in whose service he fought. In his writings he ...
Theorists of War

Theorists of War  

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Overview Page
All warfare requires thought. Even the most primitive battle demands mental preparation, and it is not possible to control armed forces of any size without preconceived methods of organization and ...
art, the military

art, the military  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Merely to use the term ‘the military art’ is to enter directly into the debate as to whether warfare is indeed an art, thus the province of unquantifiable qualities such ...
general staff

general staff  

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Overview Page
A group of officers in the headquarters of U.S. Army or U.S. Marine divisions, Marine brigades and aircraft wings, or similar units, responsible for assisting their commanders in planning, ...
napoleonic warfare

napoleonic warfare  

The methods of warfare which became common in Europe in the early 19th century as a result of the campaigns of Napoleon Bonaparte between 1799 and 1815. Not all of ...
principles of war

principles of war  

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Overview Page
A series of fundamental interrelated concepts, the result of centuries of tradition and experience, which purport to encapsulate those factors leading to victory in war. The U.S. armed forces ...
West Point

West Point  

A U.S. military reservation on the Hudson River in Orange county, New York, United States. West Point Academy, also known as the U.S. Military Academy, has been on the site since 1802.[...]
Napoleon I

Napoleon I  

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Overview Page
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Literature
(1769–1821)Emperor of the French (1804–14). Born in Ajaccio, he was a Corsican of Italian descent. By the age of 26 he was a general, and placed in supreme command of the campaign against Sardinia ...
napoleonic warfare

napoleonic warfare   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

...napoleonic warfare emphasized the offensive; the flank attack; highly mobile artillery and the integration of infantry, cavalry, and artillery forces; and the use of the infantry column as well as the line formation. His principles of were codified by the Swiss Baron Antoine-Henri Jomini , whose writings were highly honored at West Point and thus indirectly provided the basis for American strategy and tactics through the Civil War...

Principles of War

Principles of War   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...maneuvers and therefore all strategic decisions. Yearning to repeat Sir Isaac Newton 's discoveries, Antoine Henri Jomini ( 1779–1869 ) suggested that all operational decisions could be rationally determined. After joining the French Army and fighting in several major campaigns, including Napoleon's war against Russia ( 1812 ), Jomini ascertained that battle successes were often based on a few pre‐engagement principles. In The Art of War ( 1838 ), Jomini outlined several Principles of War, of which three were essential. First, keeping in mind the military...

Theorists of War

Theorists of War   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...by European models, of which the most imposing was that provided by Antoine Henri Jomini . Jomini, a staff officer in the French Army during the Napoleonic Wars, sought to codify the basic tenets of modern war in terms of a small number of timeless principles. He stressed the advantages of fighting on interior lines; of maintaining secure communications while seeking to attack those of the enemy; and above all, of concentrating one's forces at what he called “the decisive point.” Jomini's work suggested that the chaos and uncertainty of war could be...

Napoleonic Warfare

Napoleonic Warfare   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...Baron Antoine Henri Jomini was transmitted to American officers by the teaching at the recently founded Military Academy at West Point and came to influence the generals of the Civil War. Jomini's writings provided a schematic and prescriptive interpretation of Napoleonic operations, an approach well suited to West Point's engineering emphasis. They provided the basis for the teachings of Dennis Hart Mahan , professor of civil engineering and the science of war from 1832 to 1871 . Over time, Mahan came to stress the more offensive aspects of Jomini, while...

art, the military

art, the military   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...nature invariable.’ In 1781 he set out ‘Rules concerning firepower’ and ‘Axioms on the Line of Operations’ that would provide the stimulus and basis of much of what Baron Antoine Henri Jomini wrote twenty years later. The birth of the modern military art is usually attributed to the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic wars. The period's pre-eminent writers, Clausewitz and Jomini , remain the subject of detailed study and scrutiny today. If early 19th-century tactics have become overtaken by modern technology, strategy, logistics, and command remain...

War and Military Theory

War and Military Theory   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
1,960 words

...Lloyd's rationale into a controversial geometrical science of operations in his Geist des neueren Kriegssystems ( The Spirit of the Modern System of War , 1799 ). Antoine-Henri Jomini , a Swiss who made a career in Napoleon's army, adapted this rationale to reflect the patterns of Napoleonic strategy, which he believed embodied the universal principles of the art of war in general. Jomini's work dominated military thought and military education during most of the nineteenth century. However, by the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, a general...

Historical Approaches to Security/Strategic Studies

Historical Approaches to Security/Strategic Studies   Reference library

Constantinos Koliopoulos

The International Studies Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Warfare and Defence
Length:
10,766 words

...with the work of the Swiss Baron Antoine Henri de Jomini. Jomini enjoyed a long life ( 1779–1869 ) and his prolific pen earned him world fame. In his Précis de l’ art de la guerre [Summary of the art of war] ( 1992 ), his most renowned treatise, first published in 1838 , Jomini purported to provide a comprehensive analysis of war. The work is steeped in history. The Napoleonic Wars are the chief sources of examples, of course, but Jomini also draws from ancient, medieval, and early modern history. Incidentally, Jomini pays due attention to the various...

Academies, Service

Academies, Service   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...mainly achieved fame in battle, beginning with the Mexican War , where junior officers like Robert E. Lee , Ulysses S. Grant , and Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson practiced what they had studied under Professor Dennis Hart Mahan , a disciple of the Swiss war philosopher, Antoine Henri Jomini . Despite its superintendents' efforts, including those of Lee, the growing rift between North and South disrupted West Point life. When the Civil War began, most Southern cadets resigned and most Southern alumni sided with their native region. West Point graduates...

Strategy

Strategy   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Maritime History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Military History
Length:
7,921 words

...American Civil wars because there had been no combat for sea control. The most influential analyst was Alfred Thayer Mahan, who provided history and strategy lectures at the new U.S. Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island . Influenced by the military thinking of Antoine Henri de Jomini , widely used by the U.S. Army, Mahan produced his seminal work The Influence of Sea Power upon History, 1660–1783 in 1890 . It examined the strategic use of the sea in the great age of sailing navies, and attributed the defeat of France to inferior strategy. With...

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