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Annales School

[Th] A French school of historical thought, established by Marc Bloch and Lucien Febvre in the late 1920s and developed by Fernand Braudel in the 1950s and 1960s, which focuses ...

Annales School

Annales School   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Human Geography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Human Geography
Length:
111 words

... School A group of French historians named after a journal, Annales d’Histoire économique et Sociale (now Annales. Histoires, Sciences Sociales ), founded in 1929 by Marc Bloch and Lucien Febvre. The historiography they promoted focused on the social over the political, and rejected Marxist historical materialism because of its supposed fixation on economic processes. They were influenced by French geographer Paul Vidal de la Blache among others, and Annaliste histories paid close attention to geographical processes and to regional distinctiveness....

Annales school

Annales school   Reference library

Dictionary of the Social Sciences

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
302 words

... school A group of French social historians affiliated with the journal Annales d’histoire economique et sociale , founded in 1929 by Lucien Febvre and Marc Bloch . The Annales school—composed of Febvre, Bloch, Fernand Braudel , and Emmanuel Le Roy Ladurie , most prominently—developed an interdisciplinary model of historiography that emphasized the long-term evolution of social systems in relation to cultural, economic, demographic, and ecological change. This perspective challenged the chronological and narrative conventions of contemporary...

Annales School

Annales School   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
281 words

... School An influential school of French historians, formed around the journal Annales: économies, sociétés, civilisations , which was founded by Lucien Febvre and Marc Bloch at the University of Strasburg in 1929 . The Annales School attempted to develop a ‘total history’ as a critique of existing historical methodology, which offered merely a chronology of events. They turned attention away from political history towards a macro-historical analysis of societies over long time-periods. The Annales School, which included Maurice Halbwachs , André...

Annales School

Annales School   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...of Unbelief in the Sixteenth Century ( 1983 ), attempted to explain why ‘unbelief’ was impossible in the sixteenth century . From its rebellious and small beginning, the Annales School rapidly rose to a position of hegemony in the French academy, expanding enough to fracture back into small rebellious factions all over again. It is customary to treat the history of the Annales School in terms of generations: the first generation was Bloch and Febvre, but Bloch who was active in the Resistance during World War II was executed by the Gestapo in 1944 , so...

Annales School

Annales School ([Th])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
119 words

... School [Th] A French school of historical thought, established by Marc Bloch and Lucien Febvre in the late 1920s and developed by Fernand Braudel in the 1950s and 1960s, which focuses on the idea of the history of ideologies, worldviews, and mental structures: the historical context. Key to this is the matter of time and the interrelationships between different timescales in the way that human beings perceive and operate within the world. History becomes a dialogue between the past and the present, the task of the investigator being to explore...

Annales School

Annales School  

[Th]A French school of historical thought, established by Marc Bloch and Lucien Febvre in the late 1920s and developed by Fernand Braudel in the 1950s and 1960s, which focuses on the idea of the ...
Coriolanus

Coriolanus   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Will Sharpe, and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,020 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...role (inventing all the other episodes in which she appears), as he does that of Menenius, while Menenius’ fable of the belly (1.1.85–152) shows a familiarity with other versions of this parable than Plutarch’s: from Camden’s Remains , from Livy ’s version of the story in his Annales , and from William Averell’s Meruailous Combat of Contrarieties ( 1584 ). Synopsis: 1.1 Mutinous Roman citizens have banded together to avenge their hunger on the aristocrat Caius Martius, but are intercepted by Menenius, a more sympathetic patrician, who attempts to dissuade...

Welsh Local and Family History

Welsh Local and Family History   Quick reference

D. Huw Owen

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,425 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...publishing ventures in England. The Record of Caernarvon , edited by Henry Ellis ( 1838 ), and Aneurin Owen's edition of the Ancient Laws and Institutes of Wales ( 1841 ) were published in the Record Commission series. The publications in the Rolls Series included the Annales Cambriae , edited by John Williams (ab Ithel); and J. Gwenogvryn Evans's Report on Manuscripts in the Welsh Language ( 1898–1910 ) was published by the Historical Manuscripts Commission . Material relating to Wales in repositories in England, especially the British...

Population Levels and Trends

Population Levels and Trends   Quick reference

David Hey

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
4,124 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...sources such as parish registers, the lay subsidy assessments of 1524 and 1525 , the ecclesiastical census returns of 1563 and 1603 , the Protestation returns of 1641–2 , and the hearth tax returns of the 1660s and 1670s. Meanwhile, French historians of the Annales school, notably Louis Henry and Pierre Goubert, were pioneering techniques for the study of parish registers in establishing demographic data for the early modern period. In 1964 their success inspired a group of historical demographers to form the Cambridge Group for the Study of...

1 & 2 Samuel

1 & 2 Samuel   Reference library

Gwilym H. Jones, Gwilym H. Jones, and Gwilym H. Jones

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
44,450 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and Josephus , HSM (Missoula: Scholars Press). Veijola, T. (1975), Die ewige Dynastie: David und die Entstehung seiner Dynastie nach der deuteronomistischen Darstellung , Annales Academiae Scientiarum Fennicae B 193 (Helsinki: Suomalainen Tiedeakatemia). ———(1977), Das Königtum in der Beurteilung der deuteronomistischen Historiographie: Eine redaktionsgeschichtliche Untersuchung , Annales Academiae Scientiarum Fennicae, B 198 (Helsinki: Suomalainen Tiedeakatemia). ———(1979), ‘Salomo—der Erstgeborene Bathsebas’, in J. A. Emerton (ed.), Studies in the...

Annales d'histoire économique et sociale

Annales d'histoire économique et sociale  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Journal (normally called simply Annales) founded in 1929 by Febvre and Bloch, and which radically reoriented French historiography. The ‘Annales school’ challenged the dominance of political and ...
longue durée

longue durée  

A term that literally means ‘long duration’ introduced by the French historian Fernand Braudel. It is a standard term of reference in the work of the Annales School, which Braudel helped to ...
Ernest Labrousse

Ernest Labrousse  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1895–1988).French historian, influenced by Marxism and associated with the Annales school. He directed research at the École Pratique des Hautes Études, did pioneering work on the economic history ...
Georges Duby

Georges Duby  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1919–96).Influential French medieval historian of the Annales school. Duby's major contribution to medieval social history is his monumental study La Société aux XIe et XIIe siècles dans la région ...
Roger Chartier

Roger Chartier  

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 (1945– ) French book historian and late-generation member of the Annales school of social historians.His insistence that the diverse material forms of books produce and change meanings has been ...
Fernand Braudel

Fernand Braudel  

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(1902–85)Frenchhistorian, best known as a leading light of the Annales School, and from his elevation to the Collège de France in 1949 until his death one of the most influential historians in ...
Lucien Febvre

Lucien Febvre  

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 (1878–1956) French historian, co-founder of the Annales school.Febvre taught at the University of Strasbourg from 1919, and was appointed to a chair at the Collège de France in 1933. ...
Emmanuel Le Roy Ladurie

Emmanuel Le Roy Ladurie  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(born 1929), French historian who has contributed to many fields of history, including economic history.Ladurie is one of the most influential members of the so-called Annales school, the group ...
Antoine-Jérôme Balard

Antoine-Jérôme Balard  

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Overview Page
(1802–1876) French chemistBalard was born in Montpellier in southern France, and studied there at the School of Pharmacy. After graduating in 1826, he remained at Montpellier as a demonstrator in ...
Georges Gurvitch

Georges Gurvitch  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1896 –1965)An important institutional figure in French sociology, Gurvitch founded the Centre d'Etudes Sociologiques de Paris, directed the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes, and edited a number of ...

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