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Anna of Savoy

Empress; baptismal name Ioanna; born 1306?, died Thessalonike ca.1365 (R.J. Loenertz, OrChrP 21 [1955] 218). Daughter of Count Amadeo V of Savoy, Anna married Emp. Andronikos III ...

Anna of Savoy

Anna of Savoy   Reference library

Alice-Mary Talbot and Anthony Cutler

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
344 words

... of Savoy , empress; baptismal name Ioanna; born 1306 ?, died Thessalonike ca. 1365 (R. J. Loenertz , OrChrP 21 [ 1955 ] 218). Daughter of Count Amadeo V of Savoy, Anna married Emp. Andronikos III Palaiologos in Oct. 1326 . She was accompanied by a large Italian entourage and promoted such Western customs as tournaments (see Sports ) at the Byz. court. After her husband's death in 1341 , she became regent for her nine-year-old son John V . She joined with Patr. John XIV Kalekas and Alexios Apokaukos in opposition to John (VI) Kantakouzenos...

Anna of Savoy

Anna of Savoy  

Empress; baptismal name Ioanna; born 1306?, died Thessalonike ca.1365 (R.J. Loenertz, OrChrP 21 [1955] 218). Daughter of Count Amadeo V of Savoy, Anna married Emp. Andronikos III Palaiologos in Oct. ...
Momčilo

Momčilo  

(Μομιτζίλος), Bulgarian soldier who fought on both sides in the Byz. Civil War of 1341–47 and was rewarded with the titles of despotes (by Anna of Savoy) and sebastokrator (by ...
Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach

Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1656–1723).Distinguished Austrian Baroque architect. He studied in Rome from 1671, where he became acquainted with the work of Bernini and Carlo Fontana, and developed an interest in Antique objects ...
Amadeo VI

Amadeo VI   Reference library

Alice-Mary Talbot

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
245 words

...VI , count of Savoy ( 1343–83 ); born Chambéry, Savoy, Jan. 1334 , died near Castropignano, Italy, 27 Feb. 1383 . Amadeo, the “Green Count,” inherited the title to Savoy at age nine and expanded his territory into the Piedmont. A cousin of John V Palaiologos (through John's mother Anna of Savoy ), Amadeo became involved in Byz. affairs when he led a crusading expedition against the Turks. In 1366 he commanded a fleet and an army of 1,500–1,800 men that recovered Gallipoli ( Kallipolis ), which had fallen to the Ottomans in 1354 . He was,...

Regency

Regency   Reference library

Michael McCormick

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
379 words

... [wife of Theophilos ], Anna of Savoy) or older sister (e.g., Pulcheria ), or the appointment of one or more guardians ( epitropoi ). Both options might be combined; in fact, multimember regencies predominated after Martina and Irene , such as during the minority of Michael III or Constantine VII . Coruling regents were officially acknowledged on coins, in acclamations, and dating formulas, although empresses usually yielded precedence to the young emperor: Anna of Savoy was an exception ( Dölger , Paraspora 208–11). The makeup of a regency...

Sodoma, Il

Sodoma, Il   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
180 words

...in Savoy) and worked in the vicinity of Siena except for a three-year sojourn in Rome ( 1508–10 ). Vasari attributed his nickname to pederasty; this may be true, but he also fathered at least two children and enjoyed both civic and ecclesiastical patronage, which implies that Vasari's account of his reputation may be exaggerated. Il Sodoma painted frescoes in the Olivetan Convent of Sant'Anna in Camprena, near Pienza ( 1503–4 ) and in the Abbey of Monte Oliveto Maggiore ( 1505–8 ). In Rome, where his painting took on some of the characteristics of ...

Dobrotica

Dobrotica   Reference library

Alexander Kazhdan

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
166 words

...(Τομπροτίτζας, also called Dobrotić, mostly by Rumanian scholars), a local ruler in Dobrudja; died before 1387 . He was the brother of prince Balik (Balica), whose capital was in Karvuna. In 1346 Balik sent Dobrotica and another brother Theodore to Constantinople to support Anna of Savoy . Defeated by John VI Kantakouzenos in 1347 , Dobrotica acknowledged Byz. suzerainty. By 1357 or 1366 Dobrotica received the title of despotes . He was Balik's successor, moved the capital to Kaliakra and then to Varna, and acted, in alliance with Byz., against...

Giovanni di Benedetto da Como

Giovanni di Benedetto da Como (fl c. 1378)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...in the Hours of Blanche of Savoy (Munich, Bayer. Staatsbib., Clm. 23215, fol. 1 v ) names him as responsible for painting and arranging the manuscript. The Hours contain the coat of arms of Galeazzo II Visconti and his wife, Blanche of Savoy. The fact that the opening of a prayer for Galeazzo’s soul displaced the planned miniature on folio 213 v implies that the illumination was incomplete at the time of Galeazzo’s death in August 1378 . No other work by Giovanni in any medium is known. The subdued range of colours, technique and layout of the...

Momčilo

Momčilo   Reference library

Jelisaveta Stanojevich Allen

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
226 words

...on both sides in the Byz. Civil War of 1341–47 and was rewarded with the titles of despotes (by Anna of Savoy) and sebastokrator (by John VI Kantakouzenos ); died Peritheorion 7 June 1345 ( Bartusis , infra 209 ). In his youth Momčilo was a hajduk (bandit) who plundered both Byz. and Bulgarian territories. He then served in the army of Andronikos III , but fled to Stefan Uroš IV Dušan and then joined the rebel Kantakouzenos in the early winter of 1343/4 , at the time of his unsuccessful siege of Peritheorion . Kantakouzenos entrusted to...

John XIV Kalekas

John XIV Kalekas   Reference library

Alice-Mary Talbot

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
253 words

...in the Civil War of 1341–47 . On 2 Feb. 1347 , just before Kantakouzenos entered Constantinople, John was deposed by Anna of Savoy and condemned by the synod ( G. Dennis , JÖB 9 [ 1960 ] 51–55). He was briefly exiled to Didymoteichon but then returned to Constantinople, where he died. ed. MM 1:168–242. P. Joannou , Joannes XIV. Kalekas Patriarch von Konstantinopel, unedierte Rede zur Krönung Joannes' V. , OrChrP 27 (1961) 38–45. RegPatr , fasc. 5, nos. 2168–2270. PLP , no.10288. Alice-Mary...

Tagaris

Tagaris   Reference library

Erich Trapp

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
282 words

...likewise held the office of megas stratopedarches . In 1346 the empress Anna of Savoy sent him to the Lydian emir Saruhan to recruit soldiers for the Civil War of 1341–47 . Saruhan, an acquaintance of Manuel, was pleased to supply George with a Turkish army. In 1356 George received a personal letter from Pope Innocent VI ( 1352–62 ) commending his inclination toward Union of the Churches . Perhaps another son of Manuel, or in any case a relative, was Paul Palaiologos Tagaris , the Latin patriarch, by far the best-known member of the family. The line...

Legitimacy, Political

Legitimacy, Political   Reference library

Michael McCormick

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
354 words

...Roman character of Byz., combined with the Byz. mentality's attachment to the old and to taxis . 4. Dynastic legitimacy emerged as aristocratic lineages coalesced. It explains the epithet porphyrogennetos , commemorative coinage of the Isaurians ( DOC 3.1:9) or Anna of Savoy, and the use by John III Vatatzes of the Doukas surname and his treatment of Andronikos I as his grandfather. 5. The unique status of Constantinople made into a source of legitimacy the possession of the capital itself and all that went with it in terms of resources and the...

Civil War of 1341–47

Civil War of 1341–47   Reference library

Alice-Mary Talbot

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
362 words

...War of 1341–47 . Following shortly after the conflict between Andronikos II and Andronikos III ( 1321–28 ), this war further divided and weakened the remnants of the Byz. Empire. When Andronikos III died in 1341 , leaving his nine-year-old son John V Palaiologos as heir to the throne, a struggle for the regency developed between John (VI) Kantakouzenos , the megas domestikos , on one side, and the empress Anna of Savoy , Patr. John XIV Kalekas , and the megas doux Alexios Apokaukos , on the other. Taking advantage of the absence of...

Apokaukos, Alexios

Apokaukos, Alexios   Reference library

Alice-Mary Talbot

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
341 words

...superintendent of salt works. During his early career he was a protégé of John (VI) Kantakouzenos . When Andronikos III rebelled against his grandfather Andronikos II in 1321 , Apokaukos, who was also domestikos of the West, supported the young emperor and was rewarded with the post of parakoimomenos . After Andronikos III won the civil war in 1328 , Apokaukos served the new government as mesazon . When Andronikos died ( 1341 ), Apokaukos turned against his former patron Kantakouzenos and supported the regency of Anna of Savoy and Patr. John...

Dishypatos, David

Dishypatos, David   Reference library

Alice-Mary Talbot

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
258 words

...tracts against Barlaam and Akindynos , notably a Logos addressed to Nicholas Kabasilas (ca. 1342 ) and a lengthy iambic poem of 610 verses in response to Akindynos's poetical attack on Palamas (ca. 1342–44 ). In 1346 , at the request of Anna of Savoy , he wrote a Short History of the Heresy of Barlaam and Akindynos . Some works of Dishypatos were translated into Slavic languages probably in the second half of the 14th C. and are known in MSS from the 15th C. onward (G.M. Prochorov, TODRL 33 [ 1979 ] 32–54). ed. Dabid Disypatou Logos kata Barlaam...

Phakrases

Phakrases   Reference library

Erich Trapp

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
276 words

...A certain Phakrasina ( Kantak . 1:409.21) was in the retinue of Anna of Savoy in 1330 . George Phakrases was a military commander ( 1342–55 ) and supported John VI Kantakouzenos ; he also wrote an account of the dispute between Gregory Palamas and Nikephoros Gregoras ( 1355 ). Manuel Phakrases was an oikeios of John V ( 1370 ) as well as of Manuel II in 1409 , when he took part in a synod in Constantinople. Demetrios Phakrases lived in Thessalonike as megas primikerios ( 1366–77 ); another Demetrios, also named Palaiologos , appeared as...

Andronikos III Palaiologos

Andronikos III Palaiologos   Reference library

Alice-Mary Talbot

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
284 words

...reformed the judiciary system by instituting a new “supreme court,” composed of four judges with the title kritai katholikoi . He died at age 44, leaving as his heir his nine-year-old son, John V Palaiologos , fruit of his second marriage to Anna of Savoy . U.V. Bosch , Kaiser Andronikos III. Palaiologos (Amsterdam 1965). Nicol , Last Centuries 159–92. C. Kyrris , Continuity and Differentiation in the Régime Established by Andronicus III after his Victory of 23/24 v.1328 , EEBS 43 (1977–78) 278–328. Alice-Mary...

John V Palaiologos

John V Palaiologos   Reference library

Alice-Mary Talbot and Anthony Cutler

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
321 words

...his 50-year reign John faced numerous rebellions and a civil war; he actually ruled only about 30 years. Nine years old at the death of his father Andronikos III ( 1341 ), John came under the control of his empress-mother Anna of Savoy , Patr. John XIV Kalekas , and Alexios Apokaukos . The same year John VI Kantakouzenos was proclaimed emperor at Didymoteichon and began the Civil War of 1341–47 . After the victory of Kantakouzenos, John married the usurper's daughter Helena and remained in the background until he forced Kantakouzenos 's...

Saxe, Marshal Maurice de

Saxe, Marshal Maurice de (1696–1750)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...also known as Moritz of Saxony, French military commander and thinker, the greatest European general and military intellectual between the times of Marlborough and Eugène of Savoy at the start of the 18th century and Frederick ‘the Great’ in its second half. Hermann Maurice/Moritz was born in Goslar in Germany, the illegitimate son of King Frederick Augustus I of Saxony and later Augustus II of Poland ( see Great Northern war ). He began his military career as a boy serving under Eugène in 1709–10 . His father made him count of Saxony, or, in its...

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