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Anjou

A former province of western France, on the Loire. It was an English possession from 1154, when it was inherited by Henry II as count of Anjou, until 1204, when it was lost to France by ...

Anjou

Anjou   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
100 words

... District around the city of Angers in France. The counts of Anjou played a crucial role in the politics of northern France. This led, in 1127 , to Henry I marrying his daughter Matilda to the young count, Geoffrey ‘le Bel’—otherwise known as Geoffrey Plantagenet . In 1154 Henry of Anjou became King Henry II of England and for the next fifty years Anjou remained the homeland of three successive kings of England: Henry II , Richard I , and John. In 1203–5 John's incompetence allowed Philip Augustus of France to wrest Anjou as well as Normandy...

Anjou

Anjou (Pays de la Loire/France)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Anjou , Pays de la Loire/France ( Civitas Andegavensis ) A former county, duchy (from 1360 ), and province. See angers ....

Anjou

Anjou   Reference library

John Gillingham

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
246 words

... Henry of Anjou became King Henry II of England and for the next fifty years Anjou remained the homeland of three successive kings of England: Henry II, Richard I , and John . Since Henry had married Eleanor , duchess of Aquitaine, in 1152 , this meant that a count of Anjou had become ruler of huge dominions stretching from the Scottish border to the Pyrenees: the Angevin empire . Henry II, Eleanor, and Richard were all buried in Fontevraud (in Anjou), but in 1203–5 John’s incompetence allowed Philip Augustus of France to wrest Anjou as well as...

Anjou

Anjou   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
151 words

...was captured by *Philip II Augustus in 1202 . John McDonald Howe B. Bachrach , Fulk Nerra, the Neo-Roman Consul, 987–1040 (1993). J. Boussard , ‘La vie en Anjou aux XI e et XII e siècles’, MA 56 (1950), 29–68. W. Jessee , Robert the Burgundian and the Counts of Anjou, ca. 1025–1098 (2000). J. McNeill and D. Prigent , eds, Anjou: Medieval Art, Architecture and Archaeology ...

Anjou

Anjou   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Wine (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...for a wide range of savoury dishes. Cabernet Franc represents about one vine in three in Anjou and is increasingly favoured by growers there, encouraged by the creation in 1987 of the serious red wine appellation Anjou-Villages . The best area for such reds immediately south of Angers in the Coteaux de l’Aubance was given its own appellation Anjou-Villages Brissac in 1998 . Lighter reds are produced as Anjou Gamay , from the Gamay grape of Beaujolais, with Anjou Rouge as the catch-all appellation for lighter, often quite crisp, red wines, although...

Anjou

Anjou   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
47 words

... Region and former province in w France, straddling the lower Loire valley. It was ruled by Henry II of England after his marriage to Eleanor of Aquitaine, and Louis XI annexed it to the French crown in 1480 . It ceased to be a province in 1790...

Anjou

Anjou   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Italian Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
222 words

... . French dynasty implanted in Italy by Charles I ( 1227–85 ), youngest son of Louis VIII . Supporting papal claims against the Hohenstaufen [ see frederick ii ], Charles defeated Manfredi at Benevento ( 1266 ) and crushed the revolt by Conradin. Though he became King of Naples and Sicily , his success was checked by the outbreak of the War of the Sicilian Vespers ( 1282 ). His son Charles II the Lame failed to retake Sicily from the Aragonese . Charles II's son Charles Martel died young, but made a good impression on Dante (see Para . 8)....

Anjou

Anjou   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
2,043 words

... . House of. French dynasty of rulers, patrons and collectors. The first House of Anjou was founded by Charles of Anjou ( 1266–85 ) and was active mainly in Italy, notably as kings of Naples and Jerusalem. Members of the second House of Anjou lost Naples to the house of Aragon but continued to style themselves as kings of Naples, Sicily and Jerusalem until the death of Charles, 5th Duke of Anjou, in 1481 , when the titular kingdom passed to Louis XI, King of France. This entry concerns the last two members of the second house, the 4th and 5th dukes of Anjou...

Anjou, Angers

Anjou, Angers   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
1,504 words
Illustration(s):
1

..., Angers The region of Anjou (the old pagus Andecavensis ), with no geological or structural unity, cut in two by the Loire basin which traverses it from side to side, is hard to discern before the year 1000 . Only in the 9th c. did the conquests of the counts of Anjou join the region of the Mauges, south of the Layon, to the county and the diocese ; at this date, the diocese of Angers (more extensive than the present diocese based on the département of Maine-et-Loire) had ceased to coincide with the county of Anjou, which included Sablé in the north,...

René d'Anjou

René d'Anjou   Reference library

Alan Young

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
51 words

...d'Anjou ( 1409–80 ) King of Naples and Sicily in name only, René d'Anjou established a brilliant court at Angers, his birthplace. He is chiefly remembered for his chivalric literary works and his sumptuous dramatic fêtes and tournaments that brought to life the fantasy world of courtly romance . Alan...

Hungarian-Anjou Legendary

Hungarian-Anjou Legendary   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
119 words

...à la cour et le Légendaire des Anjou-Hongrie’, L’Europe des Anjou , ed. G. Massin le Goff (2001), 195–201. Gy. Török , ‘ Problems of the Hungarian Angevin Legendary ’, Arte Cristiana , 89 (2001),...

René of Anjou

René of Anjou (1409)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
109 words

...of Anjou (b. 1409 ) *Duke of *Anjou and titular king of *Naples -Sicily ( 1434–80 ). René was captured at Bulgneville ( 1431 ) while fighting for the duchy of *Lorraine . *Charles VII was his brother-in-law, and his daughter *Margaret (of Anjou) married *Henry VI of England. He founded the Order of the Croissant and organized a series of celebrated tournaments. A famous *patron of the arts, he was himself a *painter and wrote two allegorical works and a treatise on tournaments. See also chivalry and knighthood ; literatures:...

René D'anjou

René D'anjou   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
110 words

...D'anjou , count of Provence ( 1409–80 ) Known as ‘le bon Roi René’, son of Louis II, duke of Anjou, and titular king of Naples, the two Sicilies, and Jerusalem, ‘whose large style agrees not with the leanness of his purse’ (Shakespeare, 2 Henry VI , I. i). His daughter Margaret of Anjou was wife of Henry VI. As count of Provence, he was a great patron of the arts, and showed indifference to political affairs. There is a picture of his court in Walter Scott 's Anne of Geierstein . He figures in Henry VI as ‘Reignier’. He wrote a handbook of...

Anjou, House of

Anjou, House of   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early Modern History (1500 to 1700)
Length:
334 words

...of Anjou had no sons, and her daughters both predeceased her, so she designated as her heir Louis , duc d'Anjou , brother of Charles V of France. In 1382 Giovanna was murdered and was succeeded by the Angevin Charles III of Durazzo (great-grandson of King Charles II of Naples ), who later became King Charles II of Hungary. Charles III's son, Ladislas of Durazzo , acceded to the throne of Naples in 1386 , at the age of 6, and was crowned by Pope Boniface IX in 1390 ; his claim was contested by King Louis II of Anjou (son of Louis, duc d'Anjou),...

Margaret of Anjou

Margaret of Anjou (1430–82)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
156 words

...of Anjou ( 1430–82 ) Daughter of *René duke of *Anjou , queen consort of *Henry VI . Her 1445 marriage was negotiated in hope of ending hostilities between *England and *France . Her nationality and lack of an heir weakened her position at court, but in 1453 she gave birth to a son. By then Henry had collapsed into mental illness, forcing her throughout the decade to defend her family’s right to rule in the face of threats from *Richard duke of York and his adherents. Enduring Scottish exile during *Edward IV ’s first reign, Margaret...

Margaret of Anjou

Margaret of Anjou (1430–82)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
57 words

...of Anjou ( 1430–82 ) Queen consort of Henry VI of England from 1445 . She led the Lancastrian cause during the Wars of the Roses , raising troops in France. After her only son, Edward , was killed at Tewkesbury ( 1471 ), Margaret was taken prisoner. Ransomed by Louis XII of France in 1476 , she left England never to...

Margaret of Anjou

Margaret of Anjou (1430–82)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
107 words

...of Anjou ( 1430–82 ) Queen of England. Her marriage to Henry VI in 1445 ensured a truce in the war between England and France. During the Wars of the Roses Henry’s weakness caused the Lancastrian party to centre on his indomitable wife; in February 1461 she won the second Battle of St Albans but by her hesitation lost the chance to keep Henry on the throne, and she had to flee to Scotland and thence to France. Except for the few months that Henry regained the throne in 1470–71 , she spent most of the rest of her life in her native Anjou...

Margaret of Anjou

Margaret of Anjou (b. 23 Mar. 1430)   Quick reference

The Kings and Queens of Britain (2 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
202 words

...of Anjou , queen of England, b. 23 Mar. 1430 , da. of René, duke of Anjou , and Isabella , da. of Charles, duke of Lorraine ; m. Henry VI , 23 Apr. 1445 ; d. 25 Aug. 1482 ; bur. Angers. Disliked by many English as a meddlesome foreigner, Margaret of Anjou made a gallant attempt to preserve the throne for her hapless husband and young son; by the time Edward was born in 1453 , Henry had lapsed into insanity, and, though he made a partial recovery, she was thenceforth the main prop of the Lancastrian cause. She repudiated Henry's agreement in ...

Margaret of Anjou

Margaret of Anjou   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
139 words

...of Anjou ( 1430–82 ), queen of Henry VI . The daughter of René of Anjou, her marriage to Henry VI was part of the terms of the truce of Tours . Her life was made more difficult by her husband, whose mental health failed in 1453 when she was pregnant with her only child. After his birth she began to play an active part in politics and by 1456 was the leader of the court faction. In the event the thing she most feared came about when Edward IV usurped the throne. Her invasion in 1471 ended in disaster when her son was killed at Tewkesbury and her...

Charles of Anjou

Charles of Anjou (1226–1285)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Medieval Warfare and Military Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...of Anjou ( 1226–1285 ), king of Naples and Sicily, son of Louis VIII of France . Born in March 1226 , and died on 7 July 1285 , Charles was the brother of the king of France, Louis IX, lord of Anjou and Poitou. He acquired by marriage sovereignty of Provence ( 1246 ), and, by conquest, southwest Piedmont (Italy, 1259–1260 ) and the Kingdom of Sicily, which comprised the whole of southern Italy ( 1266 ). He also ruled Tuscany from 1267 , several Lombard cities from 1270 , and Albania from 1279 . At the peak of his power he therefore governed much...

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