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Anglo-Saxon

A person or language of the English Saxons, distinct from the Old Saxons and the Angles, a group of Germanic peoples who invaded and settled in Britain between the 5th and 7th centuries. ...

Anglo-Saxon

Anglo-Saxon   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of English Grammar (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

...-Saxon The same as Old English...

Anglo-Saxon

Anglo-Saxon   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
7 words

...-Saxon An older term for Old English...

Anglo‐Saxon

Anglo‐Saxon   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
34 words

...‐Saxon A person or language of the English Saxons, distinct from the Old Saxons and the Angles, a group of Germanic peoples who invaded and settled in Britain between the 5th and 7th...

Anglo-Saxon

Anglo-Saxon   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
182 words

...early; Ælfric ( c. 1000 ) refers to the West Saxon he spoke as ‘English’. So the ‘correct’ distinction, made by the OED and enforced by modern scholars (especially at Oxford), between ‘Old English’ and ‘AngloSaxon’ is a somewhat pedantic one (the term ‘AngloSaxon’ is still used at Cambridge, as in the 1941 book by the Chadwicks, The Study of AngloSaxon ); since the revival of such studies in the 16th century, ‘AngloSaxon’ has been used as the general term, without a sense of geographical...

Anglo-Saxon

Anglo-Saxon   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
150 words

...-Saxon The Latin form of the word ( Anglo‐Saxonicus ) applies originally to the people and language of the Saxon race who colonized the southern parts of Britain (as distinct from the northern parts colonized by the Angles), to distinguish them from continental Saxons. The word does not mean the combination of Angles and Saxons: i.e. the people and language of the whole of England. For the latter the term ‘Old English’ is more correct. The word became applied in the erroneous way very early; Ælfric ( c. 1000 ) refers to the West Saxon he spoke as...

Anglo-Saxon

Anglo-Saxon   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Anglo-Saxon . Originally a name for the Saxons who with the Angles invaded and settled in Britain (5–7c), to contrast them with the Old Saxons of Germany. The name was later given both to the Angles and Saxons, also known as the Old English ( Anglo-Saxon law ) and to their language, also known as old english ( Anglo-Saxon grammar ). More broadly and recently, it has served to identify a culture, spirit, style, heritage, or ethnic type associated with England, Britain, the British Empire, and/or the US: Anglo-Saxon civilization . It is also used to...

Anglo-Saxon

Anglo-Saxon   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Medieval Art and Architecture

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...the upbringing of the Anglo-Saxon king Edward the Confessor ( reg 1042–66) at the court of Normandy ensured cultural links between England and Normandy even before the Conquest. Bibliography T. D. Kendrick : Anglo-Saxon Art to AD 700 (London, 1938) T. D. Kendrick : Late Saxon and Viking Art to AD 900 (London, 1949) D. Talbot Rice : English Art, 871–1100 (Oxford, 1952) C. R. Dodwell : Anglo-Saxon Art: A New Perspective (Ithaca, NY, 1982) D. M. Wilson : Anglo-Saxon Art (London, 1984) The Golden Age of Anglo-Saxon Art (exh. cat., ed. J....

Anglo-Saxon

Anglo-Saxon   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Art Terms (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
165 words

...-Saxon Art produced in England during the period between the Germanic invasions of the later 5th century and the Norman Conquest of 1066. The invading Angles , Saxons , Jutes , and possibly Frisians settled all over lowland England, pushing the native British into Wales and the far south-west. Paganism replaced the Christianity that had survived from late Roman times and little of artistic interest survives from these years. However, missions of the 6th and 7th centuries encouraged a conversion to Christianity which led to the construction of stone...

Anglo-Saxon type

Anglo-Saxon type   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
263 words

... Anglo-Saxon type —principally for quotations—to help establish the antiquity and authority of their claims. Somewhat later, scholars of linguistics and literature needed Anglo-Saxon type for whole texts in Old English, such as the *Anglo-Saxon Chronicle , * Beowulf , *grammars , and *dictionaries . The type was usually a hybrid, combining an essentially *roman alphabet with the necessary additional special *sort s for Anglo-Saxon characters and *abbreviation s. There were three sets of 16 th -century Anglo-Saxon type s and another four in the...

Anglo-Saxon capitalism

Anglo-Saxon capitalism   Quick reference

Steven Casper

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
377 words

...-Saxon capitalism A system of capitalism characterized by extensive market coordination by economic actors and relatively neutral patterns of governmental market regulation aimed at maintaining property right institutions without privileging particular social actors. Though closely tied to liberal political theory, the term ‘Anglo-Saxon capitalism’ was recently popularized by Michel Albert in his book Capitalism Vs. Capitalism ( 1993 ) and is central to recent research on ‘varieties of capitalism’. Anglo-Saxon capitalism is associated with the United...

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
103 words

...-Saxon Chronicle A set of annals that together constitute a primary source for Anglo-Saxon history. The surviving versions (most of which are in Old English) vary, including events of local interest not found elsewhere. Behind them lies the ‘common stock’ of shared narrative, the compilation of which is associated with the late 9 th -century court of King Alfred at Winchester. The text considered closest to the original is the Parker Chronicle ( Cambridge, *Corpus Christi College 173); the Peterborough Chronicle (Bodleian Laud misc. 636) contains...

Anglo‐Saxon Chronicle

Anglo‐Saxon Chronicle ([Ar])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
63 words

...‐Saxon Chronicle [Ar] A principal source for AngloSaxon history, compiled from a series of annals between c . ad 871 and ad 890 during the reign of Alfred the Great. Some manuscripts were augmented by further annals which give variant and near‐contemporary accounts of 10th‐ to 12th‐century history. The annals were probably composed in major monasteries including Abingdon, Canterbury, Peterborough, Winchester, and...

Anglo‐Saxon Chronicle

Anglo‐Saxon Chronicle   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
95 words

...‐Saxon Chronicle A collection of seven manuscripts written in AngloSaxon (Old English) that together provide a history of England from the beginning of the conversion to Christianity up to 1154 . The major text (known as the Parker Chronicle ) appears to have been written by one clerk until 891. Most of the copies end in the 11th century; after 1079 only the Peterborough Chronicle continued, breaking off abruptly with an unfinished entry for 1154 . The Chronicle probably originated as notes inserted in the tables used by the Christian Church when...

Anglo‐Saxon Chronicle

Anglo‐Saxon Chronicle   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
94 words

...‐Saxon Chronicle Alfred in the early 890s was responsible for putting into shape the AngloSaxon Chronicle , providing a record of events on an annalar basis in Old English. The Chronicle was kept up to date at great ecclesiastical centres where literate clerks could be found. Surviving manuscripts associated with Canterbury, Worcester, York, and Abingdon provide very full accounts for some periods (the reign of Alfred and the reign of Æthelred conspicuously, and then the reign of Edward the Confessor and the Norman kings), but give only...

art, Anglo-Saxon

art, Anglo-Saxon   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
490 words

... See also architecture: anglo-saxon ; art, celtic ; art, insular ; art and architecture: carolingian ; literatures: english—oe prose ; psalters . Asa Simon Mittman M. Brown , Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts (1991). ——  A Guide to Western Historical Scripts, from Antiquity to 1600 ( 2 1999). M. Budny , Insular, Anglo-Saxon, and Early Anglo-Norman Manuscript Art at Corpus Christi College, Cambridge: An Illustrated Catalogue (1997). R. G. Calkins , Illuminated Books of the Middle Ages (1983). C. R. Dodwell , Anglo-Saxon Art: A New Perspective (1982)....

Anglo-Saxon food

Anglo-Saxon food   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Food (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014

...of baking equipment and techniques used in Anglo-Saxon times, plus the interesting point that Old English has both masculine and feminine forms for bakers; and a quotation which shows that barley bread and pure new butter were considered a good food for Anglo-Saxon invalids. On top of all this, we discover that although Alfred’s cakes were loaves, the Anglo-Saxons did also have cakes, described as well spiced, and possibly enriched with cream, eggs, butter, honey, and preserved fruits. Whether the Anglo-Saxons had crumpets or only pancakes seems, however,...

charters, Anglo-Saxon

charters, Anglo-Saxon   Reference library

Helen Foxhall Forbes

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...beneficiaries. From the 9th century the boundaries of the land granted were more routinely recorded in English. Unlike contemporary documents produced on the Continent, Anglo-Saxon charters outline spiritual consequences rather than monetary fines for those who infringed the terms of the grant. Helen Foxhall Forbes Texts of Anglo-Saxon charters are edited in the British Academy Anglo-Saxon Charters Series known as The Electronic Sawyer : http://www.esawyer.org.uk/ . P. Chaplais , ‘Who Introduced Charters into England? The Case for Augustine’, Journal of...

Anglo-Saxon Church

Anglo-Saxon Church   Reference library

Sarah Foot

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
566 words

...A Constitutional History (London, 1963; 2nd edn, 1979). H. [M. R. E.] Mayr-Harting , The Coming of Christianity to Anglo-Saxon England (London, 1972; 3rd edn 1991). M. Lambert , Christians and Pagans: The Conversion of Britain from Alban to Bede (New Haven, 2010). J. Blair , The Church in Anglo-Saxon Society (Oxford, 2005). S. Foot , Monastic Life in Anglo-Saxon England c.600–900 (Cambridge, 2007). C. Cubitt , Anglo-Saxon Church Councils c.650–c.850 (Leicester,...

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle   Reference library

Andrew Scheil

The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...incorporate longer narratives (e.g. of Viking incursions) and Old English poetry (e.g. The Battle of Brunanburh ). Andrew Scheil D. N. Dumville , Simon Keynes , Janet Bately , et al., eds., The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle: A Collaborative Edition (1983–). ed with ET: M. Swanton , The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle (rev. edn., 1996). J. Bately , The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle: Texts and Textual Relationships ...

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle

Anglo-Saxon Chronicle   Reference library

Henry Loyn

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
198 words

...-Saxon Chronicle . Records of historical events, normally in Latin, were kept from the early days of Christian Anglo-Saxon England, notably in the form of genealogies, Easter tables, and monastic writings. For example, Bede , the greatest scholar of the age, was deeply interested in chronology. It was King Alfred , however, in the early 890s who was directly responsible for putting into shape the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle as we have it, providing a record of events on an annual basis in the vernacular Old English language. The Chronicle was kept up to...

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