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Anatoly Lunacharsky

(1875–1933) Russian/Soviet dramatist, critic, and the Soviet Union's first cultural commissar (1917–29). Lunacharsky's tastes were cosmopolitan; in a book of essays (1908), he ...

Lunacharsky, Anatoli

Lunacharsky, Anatoli (11 Nov. 1875)   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
137 words

..., Anatoli [ Vasilevich ] (b. Poltava, Russia , 11 Nov. 1875 ; d. Menton, France , 26 Dec. 1933 ) Russian theatre critic , dramatist and first head of the Soviet Commissariat of Education and Enlightenment. Appointed to this post in 1919 , he took issue with ultra-radical theatrical experimentalism and advocated a return to the realist traditions of the nineteenth century. Generally, however, he fostered a climate of critical tolerance in the arts, despite his own partisan preferences, and encouraged the building of new theatres. A writer of...

Lunacharsky, Anatoly

Lunacharsky, Anatoly   Reference library

Nick Worrall

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
254 words

..., Anatoly ( 1875–1933 ) Russian/Soviet dramatist, critic, and the Soviet Union's first cultural commissar, from 1917 to 1929 . Educated at the University of Zurich, Lunacharsky's tastes were cosmopolitan and, on the whole, enlightened. In a book of critical and theoretical essays which appeared in 1908 , he rubbed shoulders with leading symbolist theorists/practitioners of the day, including Meyerhold , whom he appointed head of the theatrical section of the Cultural Commissariat in 1919 , before growing alarmed at some of his protégé's...

Lunacharsky, Anatoly

Lunacharsky, Anatoly   Reference library

The Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
191 words

..., Anatoly ( 1875–1933 ) Russian/Soviet dramatist , critic , and the Soviet Union's first cultural commissar ( 1917–29 ). Lunacharsky's tastes were cosmopolitan; in a book of essays ( 1908 ), he rubbed shoulders with leading *symbolists , including *Meyerhold , whom he appointed head of the theatrical section of the Cultural Commissariat in 1919 , before growing alarmed at some of his protégé's innovative excesses and dismissing him. In 1923 he coined the slogan ‘Back to *Ostrovsky ’, as part of an attempt to curb the tendencies of the ...

Lunacharsky, Anatoli Vasilevich

Lunacharsky, Anatoli Vasilevich   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to the Theatre (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
187 words

..., Anatoli Vasilevich ( 1875–1933 ), first Commissar for Education in Soviet Russia, an able and cultured man to whom the USSR owes the preservation and rejuvenation of those Imperial theatres—notably the Moscow Art Theatre —which survived the Revolution. He was also responsible for the organization of the new Soviet theatres which sprang up in vast numbers, many of which are named after him. He realized that the new audiences would inevitably demand new plays and methods of production, but that the old plays, both Russian and European, were part of...

Lunacharsky, Anatoly Vasilyevich

Lunacharsky, Anatoly Vasilyevich (24 Nov. 1875)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
227 words

...Lunacharsky, Anatoly Vasilyevich (b. Poltava, Ukraine , 24 Nov. 1875 (11 Nov. Old Style); d. Menton, France , 26 Dec. 1933 ) Russian Commissar for Enlightenment 1918–29 Lunacharsky was the son of tsarist official of radical political views. He became interested in Marxism, while still in his teens and, as a student at Zurich University, met Rosa Luxemburg , who impressed him profoundly. Back in Russia in 1899 he was soon arrested for his political activities. When he returned to Switzerland in 1902 he joined the socialist philosopher A. A....

Lunacharsky, Anatoly Vasilyevich

Lunacharsky, Anatoly Vasilyevich (24 Nov. 1875)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Political Biography (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
214 words

..., Anatoly Vasilyevich (b. Poltava , 24 Nov. 1875 ; d. 26 Dec. 1933 ) Russian ; Commissar for Enlightenment 1918–29 Lunacharsky was the son of tsarist official of radical political views. He became interested in Marxism, while still in his teens and, as a student at Zurich University, met Rosa Luxembourg, who impressed him profoundly. Back in Russia in 1899 he was soon arrested for his political activities. When he returned to Switzerland in 1902 he joined the socialist philosopher A. A. Bogdanov , whose sister he married. Lunacharsky met...

Anatoly Lunacharsky

Anatoly Lunacharsky  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1875–1933)Russian/Soviet dramatist, critic, and the Soviet Union's first cultural commissar (1917–29). Lunacharsky's tastes were cosmopolitan; in a book of essays (1908), he rubbed shoulders with ...
Narkompros

Narkompros  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(NKP)A cultural organization founded in Soviet Russia in 1917 shortly after the October Revolution; the word is an abbreviation of Narodny Komissariat Prosveshcheniya (People's Commissariat for ...
Pushkin Theatre

Pushkin Theatre  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Moscow. This theatre opened in 1951 under Vasily Vasilyevich Vanin (1898–1951), who shortly before his death staged there a revival of Krechinsky's Wedding by Sukhovo-Kobylin. Interesting productions ...
Maly Theatre

Maly Theatre  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Moscow. This theatre (maly, small, as opposed to bolshoi, big) opened in 1824 with a company which had been in existence since 1806. It is the oldest theatre in the ...
Vsevolod Meyerhold

Vsevolod Meyerhold  

Reference type:
Overview Page
[Emilevich] [until 1895, Karl Theodor Kasimir](b. Penza, Russia, 28 Jan. 1874; d. Moscow, 2 Feb. 1940)Actor and director. He studied law and music before training at the Moscow ...
Alexander Blok

Alexander Blok  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(b. St Petersburg, 28 Nov. 1880; d. Petrograd, 7 Aug. 1921)Poet and playwright. His first book of poetry was published in 1904, and he became the leading figure in ...
Vsevolod Meyerhold

Vsevolod Meyerhold  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1874–1940)Russian/Soviet actor, director and theorist of theatre who, as a protégé of Nemirovich-Danchenko, was among the founding members of the Moscow Art Theatre in 1898 and the original ...
Robert Bolt

Robert Bolt  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1924–95),playwright, achieved his first West End success in 1957 with Flowering Cherry (pub. 1958). This was followed by The Tiger and the Horse (1960, pub. 1961) and A Man for All Seasons (1960, ...
Vladimir Mayakovsky

Vladimir Mayakovsky  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1893–1930)Russian/Soviet poet, dramatist, painter. He made his stage debut in St Petersburg in 1913 in his own *‘tragedy’, Vladimir Mayakovsky, in a double bill with Kruchonykh's futurist ...
Moscow Art Theatre

Moscow Art Theatre  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Famous theatre, now dedicated to Maxim Gorky, founded by Stanislavsky and Nemirovich-Danchenko in 1898. It soon gave a successful production of Chekhov's The Seagull, which had recently failed at ...
Soviet Union

Soviet Union  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A former federation of 15 republics occupying the northern half of Asia and part of Eastern Europe, comprising Russia, Belorussia (Belarus), Ukraine, the Baltic States (Estonia, Latvia, and ...
socialist Realism

socialist Realism  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Offically approved styles of art, architecture, literature, etc., in the former Soviet Union and some other Communist countries. In architecture it usually involved a type of coarse stripped ...
Narkompros

Narkompros   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
222 words

... ( NKP ) A cultural organization founded in Soviet Russia in 1917 shortly after the October Revolution; the word is an abbreviation of Narodny Komissariat Prosveshcheniya (People's Commissariat for Enlightenment). Narkompros was directed by the writer and politician Anatoly Lunacharsky ( 1875–1933 ) and was in charge of general cultural and educational policy. It contained several sections, including a Visual Arts Section called IZO Narkompros; this was headed by the painter David Shterenberg ( 1881–1948 ), who was based in Petrograd (St Petersburg),...

Schröder

Schröder   Reference library

Anne Beetem Acker

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
319 words

...During World War I, the firm manufactured only 100 pianos per year and worked mainly on military equipment. In 1918, the business was nationalized by the Soviet government and piano production stopped, resuming under Soviet control first under the name Lunacharsky (after the culture minister Anatoly Lunacharsky) in 1922, and then as part of the Red October firm in 1925. See P. Zimin : History of the Piano and its Predecessors (Moscow, 1968). Anne Beetem Acker ...

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