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Amusement Parks

The roots of today's amusement parks date back to the 1500s, when so-called pleasure gardens began opening on the outskirts of major European cities. In addition to primitive rides, these ...

Amusement parks

Amusement parks   Reference library

Elizabeth A. Clendinning

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
825 words

...in Anaheim, California, in 1955—revived the amusement park as a popular entertainment venue while simultaneously changing the paradigm for amusement park operation. Unlike older amusement parks, Disneyland was built around planned areas featuring themes prominent in the Walt Disney films—including the frontier, fantasy, and the future. Like the Walt Disney animated and live action films, this amusement park (and later Disney parks built around the world) draws heavily on music to create its different “lands.” Music became a central organizing feature for...

Amusement Parks

Amusement Parks   Reference library

Jim Futrell

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Food and Drink in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...by opening American versions of the European pleasure gardens. These amusement parks tended to develop in two major forms: seaside resorts and picnic parks. Seaside resorts were best embodied by Coney Island in Brooklyn, New York, which was the heart and soul of the amusement park industry during the late 1800s and early 1900s and featured three major amusement parks and dozens of smaller attractions. According to legend, Charles Feltman invented the hot dog, a staple of amusement park food, at Coney Island in 1867 . Feltman went on to open a large,...

Amusement Parks

Amusement Parks   Reference library

Shanny Luft

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
1,294 words

...the suburbs, and many amusement parks limped along or shut down. The Theme Park. In the 1950s amusement parks were refashioned by Walt Disney , who both rescued and reformed the industry. Undaunted by dilapidated urban amusement parks, Disney looked to create a park environment that would appeal to middle-class families. He financed his vision by striking a deal with the American Broadcasting Company in which Disney's studio would produce a weekly television program, entitled Disneyland , in exchange for economic backing for his new park. When...

Disney Amusement Parks

Disney Amusement Parks   Reference library

Jeremiah B. C. Axelrod

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Amusement Parks Opened to the public in the summer of 1955 amid former orange groves in Anaheim , California , about twenty-five miles south of Los Angeles , Disneyland Park almost immediately became an icon of American Cold War culture. Inspired by urban amusement parks such as Brooklyn’s Coney Island, seasonal county fairs, and international expositions, this new venue marketed itself as a “theme park,” organizing its attractions in thematically consistent spaces arranged around mythical subjects. Geared explicitly toward the normative white...

Amusement Parks and Theme Parks

Amusement Parks and Theme Parks   Reference library

Lauren Rabinovitz

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Social History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... Parks and Theme Parks Prior to World War I, there were more than fifteen hundred amusement parks in the United States . They often went by such fanciful names as White City, Luna, Wonderland, and Dreamland. They evolved out of the amusement areas of turn-of-the-century international expositions, seaside bathing resorts, country fairs, and European pleasure gardens. Amusement parks were so widespread because new electric streetcar and interurban railroad companies built the parks at the end of their rail lines. Some charged admission, and some did not:...

Amusement Parks and Theme Parks

Amusement Parks and Theme Parks   Reference library

Don B. Wilmeth

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Cultural and Intellectual History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...parks. Beginning in the 1960s, however, urban amusement parks again struggled to survive and many of the more historic parks closed, including Palisades Amusement Park in New Jersey, Chicago's Riverview, Cleveland's Euclid Beach, and Lincoln Park in North Dartmouth, Massachusetts. Ironically, the savior of the outdoor amusement business, and at the same time a major factor in the demise of the older-style traditional parks, was the theme park, a creative example of advertising packaging and organizational savvy. Walt Disney's concept of organizing amusement...

Amusement Parks and Theme Parks.

Amusement Parks and Theme Parks.   Reference library

Don B. Wilmeth

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,140 words

...of new parks. Beginning in the 1960s, however, urban amusement parks again struggled to survive and many of the more historic parks closed, including Palisade Park in New Jersey, Chicago's Riverview, Cleveland's Euclid Beach, and North Dartmouth, Massachusetts's Lincoln Park. Ironically, the savior of the outdoor amusement business, and at the same time a major factor in the demise of the older-style traditional parks, was the theme park, a creative example of advertising packaging and organizational savvy. Walt Disney 's concept of organizing amusement areas...

International Association of Amusement Parks and Attractions

International Association of Amusement Parks and Attractions   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Travel and Tourism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
12 words

...Association of Amusement Parks and Attractions IAAPA. http://www.iaapa.org Website of...

Amusement Parks

Amusement Parks  

The roots of today's amusement parks date back to the 1500s, when so-called pleasure gardens began opening on the outskirts of major European cities. In addition to primitive rides, these ...
amusement park

amusement park   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Travel and Tourism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
29 words

... park In Britain, this may be little more than a few fairground attractions but in the US the term implies something on a grander scale. See theme parks...

amusement-park

amusement-park   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Architecture (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
146 words

...-park C20 development that e merged from medieval European pleasure-gardens featuring live entertainment, fireworks, dancing, games, and amusement-rides. The 1893 Columbian Exposition, Chicago, IL, was a US commercial development of this historic tradition where popularized leisure activities (usually strolling or walking manifest in rural cemeteries, city-parks, and rooftop gardens) embraced new technological devices such as the carousel, roller-coaster, and Ferris-wheel. The Exposition’s temporary White City, with grounds designed by Olmsted and...

amusement park

amusement park n   Quick reference

Pocket Oxford Italian Dictionary: English-Italian (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
7 words
amusement park

amusement park noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
29 words
amusement park

amusement park noun   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
37 words
amusement park

amusement park noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
23 words
Love’s Labour’s Lost

Love’s Labour’s Lost   Reference library

Michael Dobson, Will Sharpe, and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,517 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...the play did become something of a favourite at the Open Air Theatre in Regents Park in the mid-1930s. The first production really to establish the play was Peter Brook ’s delicate, bitter-sweet revival at Stratford in 1946 , with Paul Scofield as a melancholy Armado and designs suggestive of the paintings of Watteau. Since then it has been revived much more frequently: notable RSC productions, for example, have included John Barton ’s, set in a wooded Elizabethan park, in 1977–8 (with Michael Pennington as Biron and Jane Lapotaire as Rosaline), ...

Viewing

Viewing   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,051 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...minutes flat, and this after paying a scalper two shillings for a ticket. The Museum primarily served men of letters and artists in this period; in the words of a Parliamentary Act of 1808 , ‘gratifying the curiosity of the multitudes, who incessantly resort to it in quest of amusement’ was regarded as ‘a popular though far less useful application of the Institution’. The expenditure of public funds on creating and maintaining collections that were predominantly scientific and ethnographic in nature was not welcomed by connoisseurs and artists whose first...

Beer Gardens

Beer Gardens  

Beer gardens were introduced to the United States by German immigrants, who also brought with them lager beer, the familiar light-colored, effervescent beverage. In the days before refrigeration, ...
Disneyland

Disneyland  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A fantastic or fanciful place, a never-never land, from the name of the large amusement park set up by the Disney Corporation near Los Angeles.

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