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Amsterdam Bos

Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, the Netherlands, is, with its 660 hectares/1,630 acres, one of the largest 20th-century public parks. It was innovative in its concept, avoiding the words ‘park’ ...

Amsterdam Bos

Amsterdam Bos   Reference library

Jan Woudstra

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

... Bos Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, the Netherlands, is, with its 660 hectares/1,630 acres, one of the largest 20th-century public parks. It was innovative in its concept, avoiding the words ‘park’ and ‘garden’, because these had become associated with the bourgeoisie. Since it emerged from a proud socialist city, it attempted to redefine parks for the common man as bos —woodland. This was to serve for the recreation of Amsterdam citizens, to enable the experience of the beauty of nature, healthy exercise, and freedom to roam in ‘merciful’ silence. While...

Amsterdam Bos

Amsterdam Bos  

Amsterdam, Noord-Holland, the Netherlands, is, with its 660 hectares/1,630 acres, one of the largest 20th-century public parks. It was innovative in its concept, avoiding the words ‘park’ and ...
Genda

Genda   Reference library

Andrew C. McGraw

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
80 words

...cm deep. The single head, of deer- or goat-skin, is affixed with leather cords attached to a counter hoop. The genda is held under one arm and played with a wooden stick in each hand. It often accompanies the feko transverse flute. See P. Bos : Biographies of Florenese Musical Instruments and their Collectors (Amsterdam, 1999). Andrew C. McGraw ...

Fufe

Fufe   Reference library

Andrew C. McGraw

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
154 words

...to play the instrument in the village itself as it is associated with snakes. Similar instruments are found in other areas of Indonesia; in West Timor it is an obscure instrument called the fu’i dolé, fu’i tetek, or fu’i latan. See P. Bos : Biographies of Florenese Musical Instruments and their Collectors (Amsterdam, 1999). Andrew C. McGraw ...

Laba bu

Laba bu   Reference library

Margaret J. Kartomi and Andrew C. McGraw

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
135 words

...by a standing musician using two wooden sticks. The ensemble, now rare, formerly performed as soldiers went to war or for ceremonies commemorating war. More recently the ensemble accompanies a war dance performed by men and women. See P.R. Bos : Biographies of Florenese Musical Instruments and Their Collectors (Amsterdam, 1999). Margaret J. Kartomi / Andrew C. McGraw ...

Pepet wuno nio

Pepet wuno nio   Reference library

Andrew C. McGraw

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
143 words

...the instrument to the mouth with the right hand, using the left hand as a mute to modulate the tone. In Lio, where it is primarily a children’s toy and is associated with catching a cold, the instrument is called the pepe nio . See P.R. Bos : Biographies of Florenese Musical Instruments and their Collectors (Amsterdam, 1999). Andrew C. McGraw ...

Thijsse Park

Thijsse Park   Reference library

Jan Woudstra

The Oxford Companion to the Garden

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

...yard, environment. In these parks ‘landscape architecture is conducted with the assistance of native flora’. Conceived as part of a park system, it linked a proposed middle-class housing area to the Amsterdam Bos . In this context it was conceived as an area for quiet contemplation in contrast to the active recreation proposed for the adjoining Amsterdam Bos. Designed by C. P. Broerse with the assistance of J. Landwehr , it followed the layout of the adjacent park De Braak in 1939 . This had been conceived as an experimental garden for plant...

Boumeester, Jan

Boumeester, Jan   Reference library

Jaak Liivoja-Lorius

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
280 words

...Boumeester, Jan ( b Quakenbr ü ck, Germany, 1629; d Amsterdam, Netherlands, 28 Jan 1681 ). Netherlands violin maker of German birth. One of the best-known violin makers of the 17th-century Dutch school, he worked in Amsterdam from at least 1653, when he married there, until his death. He was related by marriage to Gerrit Menslage ( b Essen, c 1606; d Amsterdam, 1661 ), an instrument maker who, like Boumeester, lived near the Oude Kerk. His son Harmanus Boumeester (1656–78) was also a luthier, but perhaps due to his early death the...

Orupi

Orupi   Reference library

Andrew C. McGraw

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
211 words

...In the central Ende region it is called orupi , to the west in the Nage region it is the hu’a-ha’u , further to the west, in Ngada, it is the ngoa-ngao . It is now rare but appears most often, as in Flores, as a child’s toy. See P. Bos : Biographies of Florenese Musical Instruments and their Collectors (Amsterdam, 1999). Andrew C. McGraw ...

Sigu bawa

Sigu bawa   Reference library

Andrew C. MCGraw

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
247 words

...fingerholes and no bell, or a very short one. The similar buu bira is found in the central Nage region of Flores. Bibliography J. Kunst : Music in Nias (Leiden, 1939) J. Kunst : Music in Flores (Leiden, 1942) P. Bos : Biographies of Florenese Musical Instruments and their Collectors (Amsterdam, 1999) Andrew C. MCGraw ...

Iyup-iyup

Iyup-iyup   Reference library

Margaret J. Kartomi and Andrew C. McGraw

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
177 words

...known as ra’us woja and has two or three fingerholes. In northern Nias it is called sigu waghe , and lai waghe in the south, where it has three fingerholes or none and can terminate in a bell of conically rolled palm leaf. See P. Bos : Biographies of Florenese Musical Instruments and their Collectors (Amsterdam, 1999). Margaret J. Kartomi / Andrew C. McGraw ...

Solis, Virgil

Solis, Virgil (1514)   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
294 words

...manneristic rollwork creations of Antwerp masters Cornelis Floris and Cornelis Bos ( c. 1510– c. 1566 ). His mixing together of animal and vegetable forms on drinking vessel designs helped to break many goldsmiths’ strict adherence to Classical motifs. Solis worked closely with Wenzel Jamnitzer , Nuremberg's most famous goldsmith, often probably engraving directly after Jamnitzer ’s drawings. His Goblet with Satyr recalls Jamnitzer’s Merkel table decoration (Amsterdam, Rijksmus.). I. O’Dell-Franke : Kupferstiche und Radierungen aus der Werkstatt des...

Waning

Waning   Reference library

Andrew C. McGraw

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
329 words

...Kunst suggests that a xylophone ( do’u da ) of five bars hung vertically upon two strings is added to a similar gong and drum ensemble in the Manggarai region. Bibliography J. Kunst : Music in Flores (Leiden, 1942) P. Bos : Biographies of Florenese Musical Instruments and Their Collectors (Amsterdam, 1995) P. Yampolsky : disc notes, Music of Indonesia 8; Vocal and Instrumental Music from East and Central Flores , Smithsonian Folkways SFW CD 40424 (1995) Andrew C. McGraw ...

Feko

Feko   Reference library

Andrew C. McGraw

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
322 words

...of the pair has seven fingerholes, is about 39 cm long and is called ‘the woman’, the other has five fingerholes, is about 36 cm long and is called ‘the man’. Bibliography J. Kunst : Music in Flores (Leiden, 1942) P. Bos : Biographies of Florenese Musical Instruments and Their Collectors (Amsterdam, 1995) Andrew C. McGraw ...

Letor

Letor   Reference library

Andrew C. McGraw

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
336 words

...wooden bars up to 150 cm long, and is played with two large unpadded wooden sticks. The bars rest at one end on a log; the opposite ends rest on the ground. Bibliography J. Kunst : Music in Flores (Leiden, 1942) P. Bos : Biographies of Florenese Musical Instruments and Their Collectors (Amsterdam, 1999, 2/2003) Andrew C. McGraw ...

Nggo

Nggo   Reference library

Andrew C. McGraw

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
301 words

... ( laba go ) ensemble, both used to accompany social dances. In Manggarai they accompany mbata singing and are housed, along with drums, in ritual houses. Bibliography J. Kunst : Music in Flores (Leiden, 1942) P. Bos : Biographies of Florenese Musical Instruments and their Collectors (Amsterdam, 1995) Andrew C. McGraw ...

Robeka

Robeka   Reference library

Margaret J. Kartomi and Andrew C. McGraw

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
280 words

...from Arabic rabab and the instrument might have Muslim or early European prototypes. The robeka is now rare, often being replaced in the Sikka region by the Western violin or a locally produced version of the violin, the biola . See P. Bos : Biographies of Florenese Musical Instruments and Their Collectors (Amsterdam, 1999). Margaret J. Kartomi / Andrew C. McGraw ...

Does, Ida

Does, Ida (1955– )   Reference library

Ivette Romero

Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro–Latin American Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
525 words

...Two noteworthy examples are award-winning documentaries about prominent, national figures of Suriname. The first of these was Trefossa: I Am Not I ( Trefossa: Mi a no mi , 2008 , Public Award Africa in the Picture Film Festival Amsterdam 2010 ), directed with Paul van den Bos, which features the life of Henri Frans de Ziel, better-known as Trefossa, the first black writer of Suriname. Trefossa published in Sranan and helped ensure legitimacy for the language in his home country and the Netherlands. Her second film Peace: Memories of Anton de Kom (...

Tambur

Tambur (i)   Reference library

Margaret J. Kartomi and Andrew C. McGraw

The Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Music
Length:
435 words

... Bibliography J. Kunst : De toonkunst van Java (The Hague, 1934; Eng. trans. Music in Java , rev. 2/1949, enlarged 3/1973) J. Kunst : Music in Nias (Leiden, 1939) J. Kunst : Music in Flores (Leiden, 1942) P. Bos : Biographies of Florenese Musical Instruments and their Collectors (Amsterdam, 1995) Margaret J. Kartomi / Andrew C. McGraw ...

archaeology: Low Countries and Frisian islands/coastlands

archaeology: Low Countries and Frisian islands/coastlands   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
1,418 words

...archaeological interest in many aspects of society continues well into the Age of Industry. Jurjen M. Bos J. C. Besteman , J. M. Bos , D. A. Gerrets , H. A. Heidinga , and J. de Koning , eds, The Excavations at Wijnaldum: Reports on Frisia in Roman and Medieval Times , vol. 1 (1999). J. C. Besteman , J. M. Bos , and H. A. Heidinga , eds, Medieval Archaeology in the Netherlands: Studies Presented to H. H. van Regteren Altena (1990). J. M. Bos , Landinrichting en archeologie: het bodemarchief van Waterland (1988). H. A. Heidinga , Medieval...

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