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Amiri Baraka

Subject: Literature

(1934– ) African American playwright, poet, and activist born in Newark, New Jersey, as Everett LeRoi Jones. Throughout his career he has used his writing as an extended polemic ...

Baraka, Amiri

Baraka, Amiri (b. 7 October 1934)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,433 words
Illustration(s):
1

.... Newark, N.J.: Jihad, 1973. Baraka, Imamu Amiri . Four Black Revolutionary Plays: All Praises to the Black Man . Indianapolis, Ind.: Bobbs-Merrill, 1969. Benston, Kimberly W. Baraka: The Renegade and the Mask . New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press, 1976. Brown, Lloyd W. Amiri Baraka . Boston: Twayne, 1980. Elam, Harry J., Jr. Taking It to the Streets: The Social Protest Theater of Luis Valdez and Amiri Baraka . Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1997. Harris, William J. The Poetry and Poetics of Amiri Baraka: The Jazz Aesthetic . Columbia:...

Baraka, Amiri

Baraka, Amiri   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of African Thought

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Regional and National History, Philosophy
Length:
2,232 words
Illustration(s):
1

...American Literature . New York: Oxford University Press, 1997. Baraka, Amiri . The Autobiography of LeRoi Jones/Amiri Baraka . Chicago: Lawrence Hill Books, 1984. With the publication of the autobiography, Baraka joins the great tradition of the black autobiography, which runs from Frederick Douglass to W.E.B. Du Bois to Richard Wright to Malcolm X. Baraka recounts the soul-searching that went on during the period when he established his reputation as scribe of the 1960s avant-garde. Baraka, Amiri . Blues People: Negro Music in White America . New York:...

Baraka, Amiri

Baraka, Amiri (7 Oct 1934)   Reference library

Daniel Zager

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
385 words

... (New York, 1967/ R ) The Autobiography of Leroi Jones (New York, 1984, 2/1997) with A. Baraka : The Music: Reflections on Jazz and Blues (New York, 1987) Digging: The Afro-American Soul of American Classical Music (Berkeley, CA, 2009) Bibliography K.W. Benston : Baraka: the Renegade and the Mask (New Haven, CT, 1976) K.W. Benston , ed.: Imamu Amiri Baraka (LeRoi Jones): a Collection of Critical Essays (Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1978) L.W. Brown : Amiri Baraka (Boston, 1980) L. Thomas : “Ascension: Music and the Black Arts Movement,” Jazz among the...

Baraka, Amiri

Baraka, Amiri   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Theatre (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
103 words

..., Amiri [ né Everett LeRoi Jones ] (b. 1934 ), playwright . The most radical and influential African‐American writer of the 1960s, he first was noticed (under the name of LeRoi Jones) with Dutchman ( 1964 ), an explosive one‐act allegory about a sensuous white woman who teases and taunts a black student on a subway train before killing him. Baraka's other significant drama was Slave Ship ( 1967 ) where actors and audience experience the Atlantic crossing of a colonial slave‐trade vessel. He changed his name and mission in the late 1960s,...

Baraka, Amiri

Baraka, Amiri (1934–2014)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
159 words

..., Amiri ( 1934–2014 ) African American playwright, poet, and activist born as Everett LeRoi Jones. Throughout his career he used his writing as an extended polemic against American racism. He was instrumental in founding the Black Arts Movement in the 1960s. In that same decade he converted to Islam and changed his name. Like Ralph Ellison , Baraka's work was influenced by jazz musicians, and he published a number of books on African American music. He wrote novels ( The System of Dante's Hell , 1965 ) and short stories, but his main emphasis fell on...

Baraka, Amiri

Baraka, Amiri (1934–2014)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
182 words

..., Amiri ( 1934–2014 ) African American playwright , poet , and activist born in Newark, New Jersey, as Everett LeRoi Jones. Throughout his career he used his writing as an extended polemic against American racism. He was instrumental in setting up organizations like the Black Arts Repertory Theatre and in founding the Black Arts Movement in the 1960s. In that same decade he converted to Islam and changed his name. Like Ralph Ellison , Baraka's work was influenced by jazz musicians, hence his assertion that ‘poetry is music’, and he published a...

Baraka, Amiri

Baraka, Amiri (1934)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to African American Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Literature
Length:
2,574 words

..., From LeRoi Jones to Amiri Baraka: The Literary Works, 1973. Kimberly Benston , Baraka: The Renegade and the Mask, 1976. Werner Sollors , Amiri Baraka/LeRoi Jones: The Quest for a “Populist Modernism, 1978. Lloyd Brown , Amiri Baraka, 1980. William C. Fisher , “Amiri Baraka,” in American Writers , supplement 2, part 1, ed. A. Walton Litz , 1981, pp. 29–63. Henry C. Lacey , To Raise, Destroy, and Create: The Poetry, Drama, and Fiction of Imamu Amiri Baraka (LeRoi Jones), 1981. William J. Harris , The Poetry and Poetics of Amiri Baraka: The Jazz Aesthetic,...

Baraka, Amiri

Baraka, Amiri   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

..., Amiri ( Imamu Amiri Baraka ) (originally LeRoi Jones ) ( 1934–  ), African-American playwright and social activist , born in Newark, New Jersey, educated at Howard and Columbia Universities. Baraka exerted a profound influence on the development and direction of black writing and culture. His first published work was the long sardonic poem Preface to a Twenty Volume Suicide Note ( 1961 ) with its vivid imagery and infusion of black culture and reference. This was followed by The Dead Lecturer ( 1964 ) with its call for black political...

Baraka, Imamu Amiri

Baraka, Imamu Amiri (7 Oct. 1934)   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
189 words

...Other works include the agitprop piece The Motion of History ( 1977 ) and Bumpy: A Bopera ( 1993 ). He has written The Autobiography of LeRoi Jones/Amiri Baraka ( 1997 ). Jane House Kimberly W. Benston , Baraka: The Renegade and the Mask ( 1976 ) Lloyd W. Brown , Amiri Baraka (1980) Theodore Hudson , From LeRoi Jones to Amiri Baraka: The Literary Works ( 1973 ) Weiner Souors , Armiri Baraka/LeRoi Jones: The Quest for a Populist Modernism ...

Baraka, Imamu Amiri

Baraka, Imamu Amiri (1934–)   Reference library

The Dictionary of Modern American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
661 words

...LeRoi Jones–Amiri Baraka Reader , ed. William J. Harris (New York, 1991). Conversations with Amiri Baraka , ed. Charlie Reilly (Jackson, Miss., 1994). The Autobiography of LeRoi Jones (Chicago, 1997). Further Reading Comp Amer Thought Benston, Kimberly. W . Baraka: The Renegade and the Mask (New Haven, Conn., 1976). Benston, Kimberly ed. Imamu Amiri Baraka (LeRoi Jones) (Englewood Cliffs, N.J., 1978). Harris, William J. The Poetry and Poetics of Amiri Baraka: The Jazz Aesthetic (Columbia, Missouri, 1985). Watts, Jerry . Amiri Baraka: The Politics...

Baraka, Amiri Imamu

Baraka, Amiri Imamu (1934–)   Reference library

Lewis Turco

The Oxford Companion to Modern Poetry (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...ethnic literary-musical roots, as does Baraka's own The Music: Reflections on Blues & Jazz (Morrow, 1987 ). His Autobiography of Le Roi Jones—Amiri Baraka (Freundlich) was published in 1984 . See Transbluesency: The Selected Poems of Amiri Baraka (Marsilio, 1995), ed. Paul Vangelisti , The LeRoi Jones/Amiri Baraka Reader (Basic, 1999), ed. William J. Harris , and Jerry Gaffo Watts , Amiri Baraka: The Politics and Art of a Black Intellectual (New York University Press, 2001 ). The title poem of Baraka’s 2003 volume, Somebody Blew Up America...

Baraka, Imamu Amiri

Baraka, Imamu Amiri (1934–2014)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to American Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Literature
Length:
367 words

..., Imamu Amiri ( 1934–2014 ), American poet , playwright , and activist who emerged from the beatnik era as a champion of Black cultural determination. His writings are considered passionately antiracist and even militant by some. Born Everett LeRoi Jones in Newark, New Jersey, he attended Rutgers and Howard University (A.B., 1954), served in the Strategic Air Command (1954–7), and studied philosophy and German literature respectively at Columbia and the New School for Social Research. He left Greenwich Village and the personal and romantic expression...

Baraka, Imamu Amiri

Baraka, Imamu Amiri   Reference library

The Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
226 words

..., Imamu Amiri ( LeRoi Jones ) ( 1934 – 2014 ) *African-American poet and playwright . As LeRoi Jones, he emerged out of the beatnik era to express the anger and force of black cultural determination. In the 1950s and 1960s in New York he joined *Albee 's playwrights' workshop and founded the American Theatre for Poets with Diane di Prima in 1961 . That same year his provocative race play The Toilet caught critical fire, and was followed three years later by The Baptism , but it was Dutchman ( 1964 ) that brought him and race issues powerfully...

Baraka, Imamu Amiri

Baraka, Imamu Amiri   Reference library

Barbara Lewis

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
284 words

..., Imamu Amiri ( LeRoi Jones ) ( 1934–  ) African-American poet and playwright. As LeRoi Jones , he emerged out of the beatnik era to express the anger and force of black cultural determination. In the 1950s and 1960s he lived and worked on the Lower East Side of New York , first studying drama in Edward Albee 's playwrights' workshop. He founded the American Theatre for Poets with Diane di Prima in 1961 to promote the work of local writers. That same year his provocative race play The Toilet caught critical fire, and was followed three years...

Imamu Amiri Baraka

Imamu Amiri Baraka (1934–2014)   Quick reference

Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
27 words

...0ImamuAmiri Imamu Amiri Baraka 1934 – 2014 American poet and dramatist God has been replaced, as he has all over the West, with respectability and air-conditioning. Midstream ...

Imamu Amiri Baraka

Imamu Amiri Baraka (1934– )   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Political Quotations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
42 words

...0ImamuAmiri Imamu Amiri Baraka 1934 –   American poet and dramatist A man is either free or he is not. There cannot be any apprenticeship for freedom. in Kulchur Spring 1962 ‘Tokenism’ man is either free or he is not apprenticeship for...

Imamu Amiri Baraka

Imamu Amiri Baraka (1934–2014)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
67 words

...0Imamu0Amiri Imamu Amiri Baraka ( Everett LeRoi Jones ) 1934 – 2014 American poet and dramatist A man is either free or he is not. There cannot be any apprenticeship for freedom. in Kulchur Spring 1962 ‘Tokenism’ apprenticeship for freedom apprenticeship for freedom God has been replaced, as he has all over the West, with respectability and airconditioning. Midstream (1963) God has been replaced respectability and airconditioning respectability and ...

Imamu Amiri Baraka

Imamu Amiri Baraka (1934– )   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Modern Quotations (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
70 words

...0ImamuAmiri Imamu Amiri Baraka ( Everett LeRoi Jones ) 1934 –   American poet and dramatist God has been replaced, as he has all over the West, with respectability and air conditioning. Midstream (1963) God has been replaced respectability and air conditioning respectability and air conditioning A man is either free or he is not. There cannot be any apprenticeship for freedom. in Kulchur Spring 1962 ‘Tokenism’ apprenticeship for freedom apprenticeship for ...

Amiri Baraka

Amiri Baraka  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1934– )African American playwright, poet, and activist born in Newark, New Jersey, as Everett LeRoi Jones. Throughout his career he has used his writing as an extended polemic against American ...
Home: Social Essays

Home: Social Essays  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
The entries of Amiri Baraka's Home: Social Essays (1966) chronicle the writer's rapidly emerging nationalistic posture. Including a number of essays that were originally published in such journals as ...

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