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Alfred Russel Wallace

(1823–1913) British naturalist, who in 1848 went on an expedition to the Amazon, and in 1854 travelled to the Malay Archipelago. There he noticed the differences between the ...

Wallace, Alfred Russel

Wallace, Alfred Russel (1823–1913)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
42 words

..., Alfred Russel ( 1823–1913 ) English naturalist and evolutionist . Wallace developed a theory of natural selection independently of (but at the same time as) Charles Darwin . He wrote Contributions to the Theory of Natural Selection ( 1870 ), explaining the theory of evolution...

Wallace, Alfred Russel

Wallace, Alfred Russel (1823–1913)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Zoology (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
74 words

..., Alfred Russel ( 1823–1913 ) An English naturalist who was a contemporary of Charles Darwin . He worked in the E. Indies and as a result of his observations there came independently to the theory of evolution by natural selection. His ideas were presented together with those of Darwin in a joint paper to the Linnean Society of London on 1 July 1858 . See also Wallace’s line . http://www.wku.edu/%7Esmithch/index1.htm More information about Alfred Russel Wallace...

Wallace, Alfred Russel

Wallace, Alfred Russel (1823–1913)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Plant Sciences (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
61 words

..., Alfred Russel ( 1823–1913 ) A British naturalist who worked in the E. Indies and as a result of his observations there arrived independently at a theory of evolution by natural selection. This was communicated to Charles Darwin and their views were combined in the paper they presented jointly to the Linnean Society of London on 1 July 1858...

Wallace, Alfred Russel

Wallace, Alfred Russel (1823–1913)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Biology (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
80 words

...Wallace, Alfred Russel ( 1823–1913 ) British naturalist , who in 1848 went on an expedition to the Amazon, and in 1854 travelled to the Malay Archipelago. There he noticed the differences between the animals of Asia and Australasia and devised Wallace’s line , which separates them. This led him to develop a theory of evolution through natural selection , which coincided with the views of Charles Darwin ; their theories were presented jointly to the Linnaean Society in 1858...

Wallace, Alfred Russel

Wallace, Alfred Russel (1823–1913)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Exploration

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History
Length:
679 words
Illustration(s):
1

...own work, in London in 1858 . Alfred Russel Wallace. Map of Malaysia from F. H. H. Guillemard's Malaysia and the Pacific Archipelagoes (London: E. Stanford, 1908). This work was an edition and extension of Wallace's Australasia . Bali and Lombok may be seen at about 116 degrees east, while the careful plotting of volcanic activity hints at Wallace's dawning ideas about plate tectonics. [See the article on Alfred Russel Wallace.] COURTESY THE NEWBERRY LIBRARY, CHICAGO While studying the zoology of the Malay Archipelago, Wallace identified a boundary between...

Wallace, Alfred Russel

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The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
104 words

..., Alfred Russel ( 1823–1913 ) Naturalist and traveller . A self-taught botany enthusiast, he joined a collecting expedition to the Amazon in 1848 . His 1853 account of the expedition was a best-seller. During an eight-year journey described in The Malay Archipelago ( 1869 ) he, independently of Darwin , developed the theory of natural selection. Darwin presented their joint findings to the Linnean Society in 1858 . Wallace coined the term ‘survival of the fittest’ and mapped ‘Wallace's line’ demarcating the Asian and Australasian faunal regions....

Wallace, Alfred Russel

Wallace, Alfred Russel   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Evolution

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...afforded into Wallace's public and private life and thoughts. Smith, C. H. , ed. Alfred Russel Wallace: An Anthology of His Shorter Writings . Oxford, 1991. A comprehensive anthology of excerpts and complete selections from Wallace's vast array of contributions to the periodical literature of his era, ranging from evolution and biogeography to sociopolitical and spiritualist concerns. Contains the most complete bibliography to date of Wallace's enormous output of books, articles, essays, and reviews. Online Resources “The Alfred Russel Wallace Page.” ...

Wallace, Alfred Russel

Wallace, Alfred Russel (1823–1913)   Reference library

J. H. Stape

Oxford Reader’s Companion To Conrad

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Literature, Literary studies (19th century)
Length:
539 words

..., Alfred Russel ( 1823–1913 ). Alfred Russel Wallace’s The Malay Archipelago, The Land of the Orang–Utan and the Bird of Paradise ( 1869 ), a vivid account of his journeys of scientific exploration in Borne and other islands of the Dutch East Indies during 1854 and 1862 , influenced Conrad’s Malay fiction in providing characters, incidents, and general atmosphere, According to Richard Curle , the book was Conrad’s ‘favourite bedside companion, frequently reread and resorted to as an authority on matters related to tropical landscapes and...

Wallace, Alfred Russel

Wallace, Alfred Russel (1823–1913)   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of Religion and Nature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Religion, Social sciences
Length:
968 words

.... Biologist Philosopher: A Study of the Life and Writings of Alfred Russel Wallace . New York: Abelard-Schuman, 1964. Kottler, Malcolm J. “Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace: Two Decades of Debate Over Natural Selection.” In David Kohn , ed. The Darwinian Heritage . Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1985. Wallace, Alfred Russel . The World of Life: A Manifestation of Creative Power, Directive Mind and Ultimate Purpose . London: Chapman & Hall, Ltd., 1910. Wallace, Alfred Russel . Miracles and Modern Spiritualism . London: George Redway,...

Wallace, Alfred Russel

Wallace, Alfred Russel (1823–1913)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
172 words

..., Alfred Russel ( 1823–1913 ) Naturalist and traveller , born at Usk, Monmouthshire; he left school at 14 and found work surveying and teaching. A self-taught botany enthusiast, he joined a collecting expedition to the Amazon in 1848 . While his huge collection was destroyed by fire on the return voyage, his 1853 account of the expedition was a best-seller. During an eight-year journey described in The Malay Archipelago ( 1869 ) he, independently of Darwin , developed the theory of natural selection. Darwin presented their joint findings to the...

Wallace, Alfred Russel

Wallace, Alfred Russel (1823–1913)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
341 words

..., Alfred Russel ( 1823–1913 ). British naturalist , born at Usk, Monmouthshire. He made extensive natural history collections in the Amazon basin (though a large part of these were lost when the ship he was on caught fire) and later in the Malay Archipelago. Independently of Charles Darwin (and, like him, to some extent inspired by reading Malthus 's Essay on Population ), he conceived the notion of evolution by survival of the fittest. On 18 June 1848 Darwin received a letter from Wallace which expressed the key concept that he had been working on...

Wallace, Alfred Russel

Wallace, Alfred Russel (1823–1913)   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
2,772 words

...Barbara G. , ‘ Darwin and Divergence: The Wallace Connection ’, Journal of the History of Biology , vol.21 (1988), pp.1–68. Brooks, John Langdon , Just Before the Origin: Alfred Russel Wallace's Theory of Evolution (New York, 1984). Chesterton, G. K. , ‘ Alfred Russel Wallace ’, English Illustrated Magazine , vol.30 ns (January 1904), pp.420–22. George, Wilma , Biologist Philosopher: A Study of the Life and Writings of Alfred Russel Wallace (1964). Kottler, Malcolm Jay , ‘Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace: Two Decades of Debate over Natural...

Wallace, Alfred Russel

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A Dictionary of Scientists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Science and technology
Length:
597 words

..., Alfred Russel (1823–1913) British naturalist Wallace , who was born at Usk in Wales, received only an elementary schooling before joining an elder brother in the surveying business. In 1844 he became a master at the Collegiate School, Leicester, where he met the entomologist Henry Bates . Wallace persuaded Bates to accompany him on a trip to the Amazon, and they joined a scientific expedition as naturalists in 1848 . Wallace published an account of his expedition in his A Narrative of Travels on the Amazon and River Negro ( 1853 ). In 1854 he...

Wallace, Alfred Russel

Wallace, Alfred Russel (1823–1913)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

..., Alfred Russel ( 1823–1913 ) An English naturalist who was a contemporary of Charles Darwin . While collecting biological specimens in the East Indies (now Indonesia), Wallace came independently to the theory of evolution by natural selection . His ideas were presented together with those of Darwin at a meeting of the Linnean Society of London on 1 July 1858...

Wallace, Alfred Russel

Wallace, Alfred Russel (1823–1913)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Ecology (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

..., Alfred Russel ( 1823–1913 ) An English naturalist who was a contemporary of Charles Darwin . He worked in the East Indies and as a result of his observations there came independently to the theory of evolution by natural selection. His ideas were presented together with those of Darwin at a meeting of the Linnean Society of London on 1 July 1858 . See also Wallace’s line...

Alfred Russel Wallace

Alfred Russel Wallace (1823–1913)   Reference library

Francis Crick

Oxford Dictionary of Scientific Quotations

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
2,941 words

...Alfred Russel Wallace 1823 – 1913 British naturalist In all works on Natural History, we constantly find details of the marvellous adaptation of animals to their food, their habits, and the localities in which they are found. But naturalists are now beginning to look beyond this, and to see that there must be some other principle regulating the infinitely varied forms of animal life. It must strike every one, that the numbers of birds and insects of different groups having scarcely any resemblance to each other, which yet feed on the same food and...

Wallace, Alfred Russel, OM

Wallace, Alfred Russel, OM (1823–1913)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Writers and their Works (3 ed.)

..., Alfred Russel, OM ( 1823–1913 ) British naturalist Travels on the Amazon and the Rio Negro ( 1853 ) Non-Fiction Contributions to the Theory of Natural Selection ( 1870 ) Non-Fiction The Geographical Distribution of Animals ( 1876 ) Non-Fiction Darwinism ( 1889 ) Non-Fiction Studies, Scientific and Social ( 1900 ) Non-Fiction Man's Place in the Universe ( 1903 ) Non-Fiction My Life ( 1905 ) Non-Fiction...

Wallace, Alfred Russel

Wallace, Alfred Russel (1823–1913)   Reference library

The New Oxford Dictionary for Scientific Writers and Editors (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

..., Alfred Russel (not Russell) ( 1823–1913 ) British naturalist . Wallace effect Wallace's...

Wallace, Alfred Russel

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New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
28 words
Wallace, Alfred Russel

Wallace, Alfred Russel   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
46 words

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