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Alfred Jarry

(1873–1907), French poet and dramatist, whose Ubu-roi is now considered the founder-play of the modern avant-garde theatre. Written when Jarry was 15 years old and first ...

Jarry, Alfred

Jarry, Alfred (1873–1907)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
25 words

..., Alfred ( 1873–1907 ) French playwright , poet , and satirist . He is chiefly remembered for his avant-garde farce Ubu Roi ( 1896 ). His work foreshadowed surrealism...

Jarry, Alfred

Jarry, Alfred (1873–1907)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

..., Alfred ( 1873–1907 ) French novelist and playwright who influenced Surrealism and Dada , but also the Situationists and the OULIPO authors who were attracted to his concept of ’pataphysics , or the science of imaginary solutions. A conspicuously eccentric figure, Jarry is best remembered for his play Ubu Roi ( King Ubu , 1896 ) which caused such a scandal on its opening night, largely because of the swearing it contained. It wasn’t staged again for more than a decade. It has since become a cornerstone of the absurdist theatre canon....

Jarry, Alfred

Jarry, Alfred   Reference library

The Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
228 words

..., Alfred ( 1873–1907 ) French playwright , most famous for Ubu roi ( 1896 ), performed by the champion of the *symbolists , *Lugné-Poe , when Jarry was 23 years old. The play, which began life as a schoolboy send-up of Jarry's physics teacher, caused a scandal in the theatre with its scatological and theatrical irreverence. The play essentially is a *satire on Macbeth and features a *Punch-and-Judy -like king and his wife who are motivated by avarice or whim. Accused of puerility, the play broke every convention of nineteenth-century theatre with...

Jarry, Alfred

Jarry, Alfred   Reference library

Brian Singleton

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
247 words

..., Alfred ( 1873–1907 ) French playwright, most famous for Ubu roi ( Théâtre de l'Œuvre , Paris , 1896 ), performed when Jarry was 23 years old by the champion of the symbolists , Lugné-Poe . The play, which began life as a schoolboy send-up of Jarry's physics teacher, caused a scandal in the theatre with its scatological and theatrical irreverence. The play essentially is a satire on Macbeth and features a Punch-and-Judy -like king and his wife who are motivated by avarice or whim. The plot is a series of spontaneous murderous events which are...

Jarry, Alfred

Jarry, Alfred (1873–1907)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
415 words

...adumbrate a mock‐solemn vision informed by the contingency of the real world, asserting the equivalence of opposites, cultivating paradox and other deliberate challenges to sense which underlie his notion of ' pataphysics . [ David Walker ] See N. Arnaud , Alfred Jarry (1974); K. Beaumont , Alfred Jarry ...

Jarry, Alfred

Jarry, Alfred   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Companion to the Theatre (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
249 words

..., Alfred ( 1873–1907 ), French poet and dramatist, whose Ubu-roi is now considered the founder-play of the modern avant-garde theatre. Written when Jarry was 15 years old and first performed in 1888 as a marionette play, it was given its first live stage production by Gémier at the Théâtre de l'Œuvre ( see LUGNÉ-POË ) in 1896 . A savagely funny, anarchic revolt against society and the conventions of the naturalistic theatre, it scandalized audiences in 1896 and still has considerable impact, as Vilar 's successful revival in 1958 at the Théâtre...

Jarry, Alfred[-Henri-Marie]

Jarry, Alfred[-Henri-Marie] (8 Sept. 1873)   Reference library

The Continuum Companion to Twentieth Century Theatre

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
748 words

...of playwrights and directors from the shackles of rationalism. Claude Schumacher Keith Beaumont , Alfred Jarry: A Critical and Biographical Study (1984) Maurice Marc LaBelle , Jarry: Nihilism and the Theatre of the Absurd (1980) Nigel Lennon , Alfred Jarry: The Man with the Axe (1984) Claude Schumacher , Alfred Jarry and Guillaume Apollinaire ...

Jarry, Alfred

Jarry, Alfred   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
32 words
Jarry, Alfred

Jarry, Alfred   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
34 words
Jarry, Alfred

Jarry, Alfred   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
28 words
Alfred Jarry

Alfred Jarry  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1873–1907),French poet and dramatist, whose Ubu-roi is now considered the founder-play of the modern avant-garde theatre. Written when Jarry was 15 years old and first performed in 1888 as ...
Pere Ubu

Pere Ubu  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
Formed in Cleveland, Ohio, USA in 1975, and taking their name from Alfred Jarry’s play, Pere Ubu evolved from several of the region’s experimental bands, including Rocket From The Tombs ...
Vollard, Théâtre

Vollard, Théâtre  

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Overview Page
Réunionese theatre company, 1979–99. Named after the avant-garde art dealer Ambroise Vollard, it was launched by Emmanuel Genvrin and Jean-Luc Trulès with a production of Jarry's Ubu roi. The company ...
Ubu Roi

Ubu Roi  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Play by Jarry, first performed as a puppet show for his school friends in Rennes in 1888, given its stage première by Lugné‐Poë in 1896. The opening word is ‘Merdre’. ...
Anthologie de l'humour noir

Anthologie de l'humour noir  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
First published by Breton in 1940, forbidden by the Vichy regime, and republished in an augmented edition in 1966, this inventively titled collection brings together many of the Surrealists' ...
anti-play

anti-play  

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Overview Page
A theatre work in which the creator sets out to subvert and counter the theatrical conventions of the day, e.g. by the use of long silences, inactivity, nonsequential plotting or ...
'pataphysics

'pataphysics  

French author Alfred Jarry's playful concept defined in Gestes et opinions du Docteur Faustroll, pataphysicien (1911), translated as Exploits and Opinions of Dr Faustroll, Pataphysician (1965), as ...
Le Mercure de France

Le Mercure de France  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
In 1724, following a government reorganization of publishing, this title was conferred on a publication whose previous names included Le Mercure français (1605), the forerunner of the periodical ...
Cacá Rosset

Cacá Rosset  

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Overview Page
(1954– )Brazilian director, actor, and television personality. With Luiz Roberto Galizia and Alice Vergueiro, Rosset founded Teatro Ornitorrinco (Platypus Theatre) in 1977. He became known for his ...
theatre of panic

theatre of panic  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Name assumed by a group of writers in France in the 1960s headed by Fernando Arrabal (e.g. The Architect and the Emperor, 1967) and Alexandro Jodorowsky (1930–99), who emphasized improvisation ...

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