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Alexandre Dumas

(1824–95) French dramatist. He became one of the most successful dramatists of the Second Empire. His play La Dame aux camélias (1852) was based on Dumas's own novel (1848) and ...

Dumas, Alexandre

Dumas, Alexandre (1824–95)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
50 words

..., Alexandre (or Dumas fils ) ( 1824–95 ) French dramatist . He became one of the most successful dramatists of the Second Empire. His play La Dame aux camélias ( 1852 ) was based on Dumas’s own novel ( 1848 ) and inspired Verdi’s opera La Traviata ( 1853...

Dumas, Alexandre

Dumas, Alexandre (1824–95)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
66 words

..., Alexandre ( 1824–95 ) ( fils ) French dramatist and novelist, illegitimate son of Alexandre Dumas ( père ). His work stands in stark contrast to his father's exuberant historical romances. His first great success was La Dame aux Camélias ( 1852 ), which forms the basis of Verdi's opera La Traviata . His didactic later plays, such as Les idées de Madame Aubray ( 1867 ), helped to provoke French social...

Dumas, Alexandre

Dumas, Alexandre (1802–70)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
62 words

..., Alexandre (or Dumas père ) ( 1802–70 ) French novelist and dramatist . A pioneer of the romantic theatre in France, he achieved fame with his historical dramas, such as Henry III et sa cour ( 1829 ). His reputation now rests on his adventure novels, especially The Three Musketeers ( 1844–45 ) and The Count of Monte Cristo ( 1844–45 )....

Dumas, Alexandre

Dumas, Alexandre (b. 24 July 1802)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History, 1619–1895: From the Colonial Period to the Age of Frederick Douglass

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
527 words

..., Alexandre ( b. 24 July 1802 ; d. 5 December 1870 ), French novelist and playwright. Alexandre Dumas was born Alexandre Dumas Davy de la Pailleterie in Villers-Cotteràts, northeast of Paris. His father was Thomas-Alexandre Dumas and his mother was Marie-Louise Elisabeth Labouret. Born in the French Caribbean, Thomas-Alexandre was the offspring of the Marquis Antoine Alexandre Davy de la Pailleterie and one of his black house slaves, Marie Céssette Dumas, who was from Jérémie, Saint Domingue. She died when ThomasAlexandre was young; he was eventually...

DUMAS, Alexandre

DUMAS, Alexandre (1802–70)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Children's Literature (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
73 words

...DUMAS, Alexandre ( 1802–70 ) Known as ‘Dumas the elder’ or ‘Dumas père ’, he was the author of two of the most popular historical novels of the 19th cent., Le Comte de Monte-Cristo ( 1844–5 ) and Les Trois Mousquetaires ( 1844 ; The Three Musketeers ). He also wrote a fairy story , Les Aventures d’un casse-noisette ( 1845 ), based on a tale by E. T. A. Hoffmann...

Dumas, Alexandre

Dumas, Alexandre (1802–1870)   Reference library

Eric Martone

Dictionary of Caribbean and Afro–Latin American Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,738 words

...as Dumas. [ See also Bissette, Cyrille Charles Auguste and Dumas, Thomas-Alexandre .] Bibliography Beyala, Calixthe . “Préface.” In Georges , by Alexandre Dumas , pp. 7–18. Paris: Éditions 1, 1998. Dumas, Alexandre . My Memoirs . Translated by E. M. Waller. 6 vols. New York: Macmillan, 1907–1909. Enz, Molly Krueger . “The Mulatto as Island and the Island as Mulatto in Alexandre Dumas’s Georges .” The French Review 80, no. 2 (December 2006): 383–394. Hoffmann, Léon-François . “Dumas et les noirs.” In Georges , by Alexandre Dumas , pp....

Dumas, Alexandre

Dumas, Alexandre (1802–70)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
51 words

..., Alexandre ( 1802–70 ) ( père ) French novelist and dramatist. He achieved success with romantic historical plays, such as La Tour de Nesle ( 1832 ). He is better known today for his swashbuckling novels, such as The Count of Monte Cristo , The Three Musketeers ( 1844–45 ) and The Black Tulip ( 1850...

Dumas, Alexandre

Dumas, Alexandre (1824–95)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
115 words

..., Alexandre ( ‘Dumas fils ’ ) ( 1824–95 ) Influential French dramatist . His first venture into the theatre, La Dame aux camélias ( 1852 : The Lady of the Camelias ), a play about the doomed love of the reformed courtesan Marguerite Gautier for the respectable Armand Duval, was an enormous success and was turned into an opera, La Traviata , by Verdi . Thereafter Dumas fils turned to the writing of social‐problem dramas, including Le Demi‐monde ( 1855 : The Half‐World ), Le Fils naturel ( 1858 : The Natural Son ), Les Idées de Madame...

Dumas, Alexandre

Dumas, Alexandre   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Children's Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Literature, Children's literature studies
Length:
353 words

...in the mythical kingdom of Bohemia. Dumas's children's stories include adaptations of classic fairy tales. He also transformed E. T. A. Hoffmann 's dark story The Nutcracker and the Mouse King into the magical children's tale Histoire d'un Casse-Noisette ( 1845 ; English trans., The Story of a Nutcracker , 1846 ), which inspired Tchaikovsky's famous ballet. Sandra L. Beckett “Alexandre Dumas.” In Something About the Author . Vol. 18, 74– 110. Detroit, Mich.: Gale Research, 1971–. Stowe, Richard S . Alexandre Dumas (père) . Boston: Twayne,...

Dumas, Alexandre

Dumas, Alexandre (1802–70)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
174 words

..., Alexandre ( ‘Dumas père ’ ) ( 1802–70 ) French novelist and playwright . A pioneer of the Romantic theatre in France, his plays include Kean ( 1836 ), about the colourful life of the actor Edmund Kean . But he is best known as a novelist. In 1844 he published both Le Comte de Monte‐Cristo ( The Count of Monte‐Cristo ), a masterpiece of mystery and adventure, and Les Trois Mousquetaires ( The Three Musketeers ), about the adventures of d'Artagnan, who comes from Gascony to Paris in the reign of Louis XIII to join the king's musketeers,...

Dumas, Alexandre

Dumas, Alexandre (1803–70)   Reference library

Alice Clark

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

..., Alexandre (père) ( 1803–70 ), French playwright . Dumas ’s work bears the most striking and thoroughgoing orientation by Shakespeare to be found in the whole range of Romantic drama. He produced Shakespearian plays in the epic tradition of the ‘Diorama’ whose special effects satisfied the popular demand for elaborate stage productions with mobile scenes abounding in picturesque details. Une fille du régent ( 1846 ) transplants Shakespeare ’s Romeo and Juliet into an epic story of romantic love mixed with political agitation from the French...

Dumas, Alexandre

Dumas, Alexandre   Reference library

The Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
247 words

..., Alexandre ( Dumas fils ) ( 1824–95 ) French writer , illegitimate son of *Dumas père . Regarded as leader of the ‘ école du bon sens ’: writers with a firm moral tone about contemporary society, especially relations between the sexes. The son's first play, however, had more in common with the *romantic drama of his father, with its theme of passionate love defeated by the conventions of a hostile world. This was La Dame aux camélias ( The Lady of the Camellias , sometimes known as Camille ), adapted from the author's own novel, and based on his...

Dumas, Alexandre

Dumas, Alexandre   Reference library

W. D. Howarth

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
402 words

..., Alexandre ( Dumas fils ) ( 1824–95 ) French novelist, playwright, and pamphleteer. Illegitimate son of the prolific dramatist of the romantic generation, Dumas père , the son came to be regarded as leader of the ‘école du bon sens’: writers who showed a firm moral tone in dealing with subjects from contemporary society, especially relations between the sexes. His first play, however, had much more in common with romantic drama, with its theme of passionate love defeated by the conventions of a hostile world. This was La Dame aux camélias , ( The Lady...

Dumas, Alexandre

Dumas, Alexandre   Reference library

The Companion to Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
372 words

..., Alexandre ( Dumas père ) ( 1802–70 ) French novelist and playwright , father of *Dumas fils . Of major *romantic French dramatists— *Hugo , *Vigny , *Musset , and Dumas père —it was only the last who possessed a genuine sense of theatre. He was hugely stimulated by the visit of the English actors under J. P. *Kemble and Edmund *Kean in 1827 ; having begun writing *vaudevilles , Dumas now aimed at success in a literary theatre. His Christine; ou, Paris, Fontainebleau, Rome , a historical drama, though accepted at the Théâtre-Français (...

Dumas, Alexandre

Dumas, Alexandre (1802–70)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
290 words

..., Alexandre ( ‘Dumas père ’ ) ( 1802–70 ) French novelist and playwright . A pioneer of the Romantic theatre in France, his popular, swift‐moving, historical dramas include: Henri III et sa cour ( 1829 : Henry III and his Court ), Antony ( 1831 ), La Tour de Nesle ( 1832 : The Tower of Nesle ), and Kean ( 1836 ), about the colourful life of the actor Edmund Kean . But he is best known as a novelist. In 1844 he published both Le Comte de Monte‐Cristo ( The Count of Monte‐Cristo ), a masterpiece of mystery and adventure which describes...

Dumas, Alexandre

Dumas, Alexandre   Reference library

W. D. Howarth

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Theatre and Performance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
542 words

..., Alexandre ( Dumas père ) ( 1802–70 ) French novelist and playwright. Of the four names commonly linked in any account of the romantic movement in French nineteenth-century drama— Victor Hugo , Alfred de Vigny , Alfred de Musset , and Dumas—it was only the last who possessed a genuine innate sense of theatre. This was stimulated by the visit to Paris of the English actors under J. P. Kemble and Edmund Kean in 1827 ; and like Berlioz (who was to marry Harriet Smithson ) Dumas recorded in his ‘How I became a playwright’ a lyrical account of...

Alexandre Dumas

Alexandre Dumas (1824–95)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
26 words

...0Alexandre02 Alexandre Dumas ( ‘Dumas fils’ ) 1824 – 95 French writer , son of the elder dumas All generalizations are dangerous, even this one. attributed generalizations dangerous generalizations ...

Alexandre Dumas

Alexandre Dumas (1824–95)   Quick reference

Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
45 words

...0Alexandre02 Alexandre Dumas ( ‘Dumas fils’ ) 1824 – 95 French writer The chains of marriage are so heavy that it takes two to bear them, and sometimes three. Léon Treich L'Esprit d'Alexandre Dumas All generalizations are dangerous, even this one. attributed generalizations are dangerous generalizations are ...

Alexandre Dumas

Alexandre Dumas (1802–70)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
168 words

...0Alexandre Alexandre Dumas ( ‘Dumas père’ ) 1802 – 70 French novelist and dramatist , father of the younger dumas All human wisdom is contained in these two words, Wait and Hope. The Count of Monte Cristo (1845) ch. 117 All human wisdom wait and Hope Wait and hope Cherchons la femme. Let us look for the woman. attributed to Joseph Fouché (1763–1820) in the form ‘ Cherchez la femme ’ The Mohicans of Paris [ Les Mohicans de Paris ] (1854–5) passim Let us look for the woman cherchez la femme Cherchez la femme Tous pour un, un pour tous. All...

Alexandre Dumas

Alexandre Dumas (1802–70)   Quick reference

Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
102 words

...0Alexandre Alexandre Dumas 1802 – 70 French novelist and dramatist All human wisdom is contained in these two words, Wait and Hope. The Count of Monte Cristo (1845) Cherchons la femme. Let us look for the woman. attributed to Joseph Fouché (1763–1820) in the form ‘ Cherchez la femme ’ Les Mohicans de Paris (1854–5) passim Let us look for the woman cherchez la femme Cherchez la femme Tous pour un, un pour tous. All for one, one for all. motto of the Three Musketeers The Three Musketeers (1844) ch. 9 all for one, one for all All for one , one...

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