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Alexander of Hales

(c.1185–1245) Influential Franciscan theologian and writer on logic, known as ‘Doctor Irrefragabilis’ (irrefutable doctor). Alexander taught the independence of theology, based ...

Alexander of Hales

Alexander of Hales (c.1185–1245)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
33 words

... of Hales ( c. 1185–1245 ) Influential Franciscan theologian and writer on logic , known as ‘Doctor Irrefragabilis’ (irrefutable doctor). Alexander taught the independence of theology, based on revelation, and philosophy, based on...

Alexander of Hales

Alexander of Hales (1245)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
116 words

.... Andrea Janelle Dickens ‘Alexander of Hales’, The History of Franciscan Theology , ed. K. Osborne (1994), 1–38. I. Herscher , ‘ A Bibliography of Alexander of Hales ’, FranS 5 (1945),...

Alexander of Hales

Alexander of Hales (1185–1245)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
143 words

... of Hales ( c. 1185–1245 ) Theologian , born in Hales (now Halesowen) ; he studied at Paris and taught theology there. For a short time he held various ecclesiastical appointments in England and became archdeacon of Coventry. Returning to Paris, he entered the Franciscan order and continued to teach theology, becoming the first member of this new order to hold the chair of theology there. He introduced the commentary on the Sententiae of Peter Lombard to the syllabus. He began the Summa Theologica attributed to him, but it was completed by...

Alexander of Hales

Alexander of Hales (1186–1245)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
400 words

...als heilsgeschichtliche Periode nach Alexander von Hales (BGPM NS 2; 1970). E. Bettoni , Il Problema della Conoscibilità di Dio nella Scuola Francescana (Il Pensiero medioevale, 1st ser. 1; Padua, 1950), 1–106. B. Smalley , ‘ The Gospels in the Paris Schools in the late 12th and early 13th centuries. Peter the Chanter, Hugh of St. Cher, Alexander of Hales, John of La Rochelle ’, Franciscan Studies , 39 (1979), 230–54; 40 (1980), pp. 298–369, esp. pp. 317–44. I. Herscher, OFM, ‘A Bibliography of Alexander of Hales’, ibid. 26 (1945), pp. 435–54. A. Emmen...

Alexander of Hales

Alexander of Hales (1186–1245)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
589 words

... of Hales (before 1186–1245 ) Franciscan , born at Hales Owen in Shropshire before 1186 , master of arts before 1210 , Alexander of Hales was, according to Roger Bacon ( Opus minus , London, 1859 , p. 325-329), a good man, rich, a great archdeacon of Coventry, loaded with honours, one of the great masters of theology of his time. He kept a school at Paris in c. 1220–1221 and was the first to take as his basic teaching text the Liber sententiarum of Peter Lombard . In 1229 , during the students' strike, he was bursar of the masters ...

Alexander of Hales

Alexander of Hales (c.1186–1245)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Religion
Length:
107 words

... of Hales ( c. 1186–1245 ), theologian . He studied arts and theology at Paris , becoming a doctor c. 1220/1 . He took the fateful step of using the Sentences of Peter Lombard , instead of the Bible, as the basic text for his lectures on theology. In 1236 he joined the Franciscan Order , but retained his chair. He is regarded as the founder of the Franciscan school of theology, but the Summa theologica which goes under his name is only partly his. He had some part in the composition of an Expositio in Regulam S. Francisci ( 1242 ), popularly...

Alexander of Hales

Alexander of Hales (c.1185–1245)   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
2,025 words

...Doucet, V. , ‘ The History of the Problem of the Authenticity of the Summa ’, Franciscan Studies , vol. 7 (1947), pp. 26–41. Bougerol, J. G. , Introduction to the Works of Bonaventure (Patterson, New Jersey, 1963). Further Reading Barnes, J. , ‘The Just War’, in N. Kretzman (ed.), The Cambridge History of Later Medieval Philosophy (Cambridge, 1982). Boehner, Philotheus , Alexander of Hales , Part 1 of The History of the Franciscan School (St. Bonaventure, NY, 1943). ——, ‘ The System of Metaphysics of Alexander of Hales ’, Franciscan Studies , vol....

Alexander of Hales

Alexander of Hales  

(c.1185–1245)Influential Franciscan theologian and writer on logic, known as ‘Doctor Irrefragabilis’ (irrefutable doctor). Alexander taught the independence of theology, based on revelation, and ...
Law

Law   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,210 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...France ( 1790 ), explicitly rejected radical interpretations of the rights of man tending to popular sovereignty. True, he wrote respectfully of Blackstone as one of ‘the great men’ of English law, and appealed at moments to the legal writings of the seventeenth-century jurists Edward Coke and Matthew Hale ( 1609–76 ). Yet Burke took pains to purge the common law tradition of the elements of Enlightenment rationalism which the Commentaries had deployed to explain and justify the constitution of civil society, and which ultimately implied accountability to...

Odo Rigaud

Odo Rigaud  

(1200×1210–1275) Franciscan theologian and prelate.Odo studied theology at Paris, entering the Franciscans by 1236. Pupil of Alexander of Hales, he became master of theology in 1242 and followed John ...
Doctor Angelicus

Doctor Angelicus  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Aquinas; Invinci‐bilis, Ockham; Irrefragabilis, Alexander of Hales; Mirabilis, Roger Bacon; Subtilis, Duns Scotus; Universalis, Albertus Magnus.
John of La Rochelle

John of La Rochelle  

(d. 1245) Franciscan theologian.Associated with Alexander of Hales, he probably shared the Franciscan chair in theology at Paris with him for some years, beginning perhaps shortly after Alexander ...
William John Townsend

William John Townsend  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Philosophy
(1835–1915)William John Townsend was born in Newcastle-upon-Tyne on 20 January 1835 and was educated in his native town. After working in business for several years, he became a minister ...
Roger Bacon

Roger Bacon  

(c.1214–1292/1294)Roger Bacon, born in England, was a Franciscan theologian. His own writings are almost our only source for his life. He studied and lectured at the universities of Oxford ...
lie

lie  

False statements and accusations are sternly forbidden in the OT (Lev. 6: 2 f.; Jer. 14: 14; Hos. 12: 1), though David is recorded as lying to Saul (1 Sam. 20: 6). In the NT Satan is called the ...
quaestio

quaestio  

(Latin, question)One of the forms of writing and debate in scholastic philosophy. In the quaestio disputata a thesis is proposed, then arguments for and against, then the question is resolved and the ...
Gospels, Synoptic

Gospels, Synoptic  

For the Middle Ages, the four Gospels formed a homogeneous whole; though commentaries on John have a tendency to be doctrinally richer, it is difficult to study them separately. From ...
Sentences

Sentences  

Short expositions of the main truths of Christian doctrine. The Latin word sententia originally meant any exposition of thought, but in the Middle Ages it took on a new technical meaning in relation ...
quodlibet

quodlibet  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(Lat., ‘whithersoever you please’). An academic exercise in medieval universities. Originally it was a voluntary disputation in which a master undertook to deal with any question raised by any of the ...
double justice

double justice  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A distinction between two kinds of righteousness drawn by some 16th-cent. theologians in an attempt to explain the mystery of justification. The traditional distinction between the justice (or ...

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