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Alexander of Abonuteichos

In Paphlagonia. He was a contemporary of Lucian whose bitterly hostile account, Alexander or the False Prophet, remains the most important source of information, although it must now be ...

Alexander of Abonuteichos

Alexander of Abonuteichos   Quick reference

David S. Potter

Who's Who in the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
297 words

... of Abonuteichos in Paphlagonia. He was a contemporary of Lucian whose bitterly hostile account, Alexander or the False Prophet , remains the most important source of information, although it must now be read against the evidence of inscriptions, coins, and works of art. Alexander claimed to have a new manifestation of Asclepius in the form of a snake called Glycon . A number of statues and statuettes have been discovered showing Glycon as a serpent with human hair—applied by Alexander, according to Lucian . Coins reveal that the birth of ...

Alexander (13) of Abonuteichos

Alexander (13) of Abonuteichos   Reference library

David S. Potter

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
348 words

... (13) of Abonuteichos in Paphlagonia . He was a contemporary of Lucian whose bitterly hostile account, Alexander or the False Prophet , remains the most important source of information, although it must now be read together with the evidence of inscriptions, coins, and works of art. Alexander claimed to have a new manifestation of Asclepius in the form of a snake called Glycon. A number of statues and statuettes have been discovered showing Glycon as a serpent with human hair—applied by Alexander, according to Lucian. Coins reveal that the birth of...

Alexander of Abonuteichos

Alexander of Abonuteichos  

Reference type:
Overview Page
In Paphlagonia. He was a contemporary of Lucian whose bitterly hostile account, Alexander or the False Prophet, remains the most important source of information, although it must now be read against ...
Neopythagoreanism

Neopythagoreanism  

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The resurgence of the mystical and numerological interests of Pythagoras, fused with elements from Plato and other Greek philosophers, in Mediterranean centres in the 1st century bc. According to ...
Paphlagonia

Paphlagonia  

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A territory of northern Asia Minor, which included the mountainous coastal region between Bithynia and Pontus and extended inland as far as Galatia on the Anatolian plateau. It was traversed ...
mystery

mystery  

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The secret rites of Greek and Roman pagan religion, or of any ancient or tribal religion, to which only initiates are admitted.
Pompey

Pompey  

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(106–48bc),Roman general and statesman, known as Pompey the Great. He founded the First Triumvirate, but later quarrelled with Julius Caesar, who defeated him at the battle of Pharsalus. He then fled ...
Lucian

Lucian  

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Of Samosata in Syria (b. c.ad 120), accomplished belletrist and wit in the context of the Second Sophistic (revival of Greek oratory in the 2nd-3rd cent. ad). The details of his life are extremely ...
snakes

snakes  

Proverbial allusions to the snake focus on its venomous bite as representing a lurking danger; it is a type of deceit and treachery, as with reference to the fable by Aesop, in which the man who had ...
Neopythagoreanism

Neopythagoreanism   Reference library

Dominic J. O'Meara

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
389 words

...( Nicomachus (3) of Gerasa, Numenius , Alexander (13) of Abonuteichos). Some were philosophers who, in the context of a revival of dogmatic Platonism and inspired by Pythagorizing in Plato's Academy , took an interest in Pythagorean metaphysics, mathematics, and number symbolism. Thus Eudorus and Moderatus spoke of an ultimate Pythagorean cause, the ‘One’, source of numbers and of all else. The Pythagorean way of life, which had a strong religious bent and involved ascetic and vegetarian practices, was followed by Moderatus and by Apollonius, whose...

Reincarnation

Reincarnation   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Greece and Rome

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
996 words

...The hoax that Alexander foisted on the Roman world involved the reincarnation of Apollo's mortal son Asclepius in the form of a prophetic and oracular serpent by the name of Glycon. Alexander established a cult for Glycon at Abonuteichos on the southern littoral of the Black Sea. One of the many people duped by this prophetic snake was a certain Sacerdos of Teion. Glycon revealed to this simple soul that in his next lives he would be a camel, then a horse, then finally a human in no way inferior to Alexander the prophet of Glycon (Lucian Alexander 43). Also in...

Lucian of Samosata

Lucian of Samosata (115–c. 200)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (3 rev. ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
318 words

...Lucian of Samosata ( c. 115– c. 200 ) , pagan satirist. His interest to the student of early Christianity lies chiefly in some references in his ‘Alexander of Abonuteichos’ and esp. in ‘De Morte Peregrini’. The former confirms the testimony of Pliny that Christianity had made much progress in Bithynia-Pontus. The latter treats of the philosopher Peregrinus, a historical person who exchanged paganism for Christianity and was even imprisoned for his faith; but later he apostatized and became a cynic. Being expelled from Rome he made his way to Athens,...

Lucian

Lucian   Quick reference

Walter Manoel Edwards, Robert Browning, and Graham Anderson

Who's Who in the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
407 words

...Peregrinus or the oraclemonger Alexander of Abonuteichos whom he sees as charlatans. In the Alēthē diēgēmata (‘True Histories’) he produced a masterpiece of Munchausenesque parody. His literary personality is engaging but elusive: he is cultivated but cynical, perhaps with a chip on his shoulder, but difficult to excel in his chosen field of versatile prose entertainment. His weakest moments to contemporary taste are perhaps as a repetitive and superficial moralist, his most successful when he plays with the full range of Classical Greek literature in a...

mysteries

mysteries   Reference library

Richard L. Gordon

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,341 words

...ancient profile. The most useful recent typology of Graeco-Roman mysteries as forms of personal religious choice is that of Bianchi and others. Three modes are distinguished: ‘mystery’ proper, an entire initiatory structure of some duration and complexity, of which the type (and in many cases the actual model, e.g. Celeia near Phlius (Paus. 2. 14. 1–4) or the mysteries of Alexander (13) of Abonuteichos (Lucian, Alex. 38 f.)) is Eleusis; ‘mystic’ cult, involving not initiation but rather a relation of intense communion, typically ecstatic or...

mysteries

mysteries   Reference library

Richard L. Gordon

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
1,178 words

...complexity, of which the type (and in many cases the actual model, e.g. Celeia near Phlius (Paus. 2. 14. 1–4) or the mysteries of Alexander of Abonuteichos (Lucian, Alex . 38 f.)) is Eleusis; ‘mystic’ cult, involving not initiation but rather a relation of intense communion, typically ecstatic or enthusiastic, with the divinity (e.g. Bacchic frenzy ( see dionysus ), or the kybēboi of Cybele ); and ‘mysteriosophic’ cult, offering an anthropology, an eschatology, and a practical means of individual reunion with divinity—the primitive or original form is...

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