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Alexander Hamilton

(c. 1757–1804) US Federalist politician. He served under George Washington as First Secretary of the Treasury (1789–95) and established the US central banking system. Hamilton ...

HAMILTON, Alexander

HAMILTON, Alexander (1757–1804)   Reference library

Rick Kennedy

Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Nat Cycl Amer Bio, WWWHV Chernow, Ron . Alexander Hamilton (New York, 2004). Cooke, Jacob E. Alexander Hamilton: A Biography (New York, 1982). Epstein, David F. The Political Theory of the Federalist (Chicago, 1984). Lycan, Gilbert L. Alexander Hamilton and American Foreign Policy: A Design for Greatness (Norman, Okla., 1970). McDonald, Forrest . Alexander Hamilton: A Biography (New York, 1979). Mitchell, Broadus . Alexander Hamilton , 2 vols. (New York, 1957, 1962). Miller, John C. Alexander Hamilton: Portrait in Paradox (New York, 1959)....

Hamilton, Alexander

Hamilton, Alexander (1757–1804)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
62 words

..., Alexander ( c . 1757–1804 ) US Federalist politician . He served under George Washington as First Secretary of the Treasury ( 1789–95 ) and established the US central banking system. Hamilton was a prime mover behind the Federalist Party’s commitment to strong central government in the aftermath of American independence. He died from a gunshot wound after a duel with Aaron...

Hamilton, Alexander

Hamilton, Alexander (1755–1804)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

..., Alexander ( 1755–1804 ), Revolutionary soldier and statesman. Born in Nevis, Hamilton migrated to New York in 1772 , where he studied at King's College until lured into the Revolutionary War. Hamilton caught Gen. George Washington 's eye, and in 1777 became his aide‐de‐camp. In 1781 , Hamilton led an infantry regiment to victory against a British redoubt at the Battle of Yorktown . Hamilton's wartime experiences convinced him that only a strong central government led by a natural aristocracy could preserve American liberty. In 1782 , he entered...

Hamilton, Alexander

Hamilton, Alexander (1757–1804)   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
412 words

...Bibliography The Papers of Alexander Hamilton , ed. Harold C. Syrett , 27+ vols (New York, 1961–). Hamilton, Alexander , James Madison and John Jay , The Federalist (New York, 1788). Further Reading Epstein, David F. , The Political Theory of The Federalist (Chicago, 1984). McDonald, Forrest , Alexander Hamilton: A Biography (New York, 1979). Morris, Richard B. , Witnesses at the Creation: Hamilton, Madison, Jay, and the Constitution (New York, 1985). Swanson, Donald , The Origins of Hamilton's Fiscal Policies (Gainsville, Florida,...

Hamilton, Alexander

Hamilton, Alexander (1757–1804)   Quick reference

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
242 words

..., Alexander ( 1757–1804 ) American politician and political theorist . Hamilton was active in the American War of Independence and politics from a precociously young age. In 1787 he, James Madison , and John Jay cooperated on writing The Federalist Papers . Hamilton was responsible, among others, for the number which recommended the Electoral College for the indirect election of the President as a device to prevent the election being directly in the hands of the untrustworthy people, and for the numbers dealing with the Supreme Court, which...

Hamilton, Alexander

Hamilton, Alexander (1755–1804)   Reference library

The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

..., Alexander ( 1755–1804 ) Revolutionary army officer , statesman , and first secretary of the Treasury , born in Nevis, British West Indies . Hamilton exerted a profound influence on the nascent nation. During the Revolutionary War , Hamilton acted as George Washington 's aide-de-camp ( 1777–81 ); he then obtained a field command and led a victorious regiment at Yorktown ( 1781 ). One of the authors of The Federalist Papers and an ardent nationalist, he believed in a strong federal government, and believed too that this required independent...

Hamilton, Alexander

Hamilton, Alexander (1755–1804)   Reference library

Peter McNamara

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of the American Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...Knott, Stephen . Alexander Hamilton and the Persistence of Myth (Lawrence, KS, 2002). McDonald, Forrest . Alexander Hamilton: A Biography (New York, 1982). McNamara, Peter . Political Economy and Statesmanship: Smith, Hamilton and the Foundation of the Commercial Republic (DeKalb, IL, 1998). McNamara, Peter , ed. The Noblest Minds: Fame, Honor, and the American Founding (Lanham, MD, 1999). Smith, Adam . An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations , 2 vols (Indianapolis, 1981). Staloff, Darren . Hamilton, Adams, Jefferson:...

Hamilton, Alexander

Hamilton, Alexander (11 Jan. 1757)   Reference library

Forrest McDonald

The Oxford Companion to the Supreme Court of the United States (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Law
Length:
509 words

..., Alexander (b. Nevis, British West Indies, 11 Jan. 1757 ; d. New York, N.Y. 12 July 1804 ), lawyer and statesman. Though best known for his achievements as the first secretary of the Treasury, Hamilton contributed significantly to the establishment and interpretation of the Constitution. He, along with James Madison and John Dickinson , parlayed the 1786 Annapolis commercial convention into the Constitutional Convention of 1787 . He attended the latter as a delegate from New York and signed the finished document. He wrote well over half of the...

Hamilton, Alexander

Hamilton, Alexander (1757–1804)   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of the History of American Management

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
529 words

...which persisted at least into the 1960s. Not himself a businessman, Hamilton was both a talented administrator and a powerful influence on the shaping of managerial culture in the United States. Bibliography Frisch, M. J. (1991) Alexander Hamilton and the Political Order , Lanham, MD: University Press of America. McKee, S. (ed.) (1934) Papers on Public Credit, Commerce and Finance by Alexander Hamilton , New York: Columbia University Press. Mitchell, B. (1976) Alexander Hamilton: A Concise Biography , New York: Oxford University Press....

Hamilton, Alexander

Hamilton, Alexander   Reference library

Paul G. E. Clemens

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Political and Legal History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics, Law, History of Law
Length:
826 words

..., Alexander ( 1755 – 1804 ), first secretary of the treasury and Federalist Party leader. Alexander Hamilton was born out of wedlock on the island of Nevis to Rachael Paucett Lavien and James Hamilton , a Scottish merchant. In 1765 the family moved to St. Croix . Abandoned by James , Rachel apprenticed Alexander to a merchant firm, where he remained after her death in 1768 . In 1772 , his employer paid Hamilton ’s way to New York , where he attended King’s College (now Columbia University). Opposing British imperial policy, he joined a...

Hamilton, Alexander

Hamilton, Alexander   Reference library

Paul G.E. Clemens

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
823 words

...Hamilton, Alexander ( 1755–1804 ), first secretary of the treasury and Federalist party leader. Alexander Hamilton was born out of wedlock on the island of Nevis to Rachael Paucett Lavien and James Hamilton , a Scottish merchant. In 1765 the family moved to St. Croix. Abandoned by James, Rachel apprenticed Alexander to a merchant firm, where he remained after her death in 1768 . In 1772 , his employer paid Hamilton's way to New York, where he attended King's College (now Columbia University). Opposing British imperial policy, he joined a local militia...

Hamilton, Alexander

Hamilton, Alexander (1755–1804)   Reference library

Joanne B. Freeman

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Military and Diplomatic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Treasury Alexander Hamilton and Congress.” In Neither Separate nor Equal: Congress in the 1790s , edited by Kenneth R. Bowling and Donald R. Kennon , pp. 269–293. Athens, Ohio: Ohio University Press for the United States Capitol Historical Society, 2000. Hamilton, Alexander . Writings . Edited by Joanne B. Freeman . New York: Library of America, 2001. Stourzh, Gerald . Alexander Hamilton and the Idea of Republican Government . Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 1970. Walling, Karl-Friedrich . Republican Empire: Alexander Hamilton on War and...

Hamilton, Alexander

Hamilton, Alexander (1757–1804)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
2,340 words

...and emergence of ideological partisan divisions over the future of the United States under the federal Constitution of 1787. Flexner, James Thomas . The Young Hamilton, A Biography . Boston, 1978. The most thorough guide to the details of Hamilton's early life. Goebel, Julius , ed. The Law Practice of Alexander Hamilton . New York, 1964–1981. Hamilton, Alexander , ed. The Papers of Alexander Hamilton , edited by Harold C. Syrett and others. 27 vols. New York, 1961–1987. McCoy, Drew R. The Elusive Republic: Political Economy in Jeffersonian America ....

Hamilton, Alexander

Hamilton, Alexander (1712–56)   Reference library

Elaine G. Breslaw

The Bloomsbury Encyclopedia of the American Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...Dismal Tragedy: Drs. Alexander and John Hamilton Comment on Braddock’s Defeat,” Maryland Historical Magazine 75 (1980): 118–44. Breslaw, Elaine G. “‘Scotch Drollery’ in the Market Place: Alexander Hamilton’s Amusing Instruction in the Maryland Gazette ,” Early American Literature 42, no. 2 (2007): 218–31. Breslaw, Elaine G. Dr. Alexander Hamilton and Provincial America: Expanding the Orbit of Scottish Culture (Baton Rouge, 2008). Imbarrato, Susan Clair . “Genteel Confusion: Reading Class Structure in Dr. Alexander Hamilton’s Itinerarium ,” in ...

Hamilton, Alexander

Hamilton, Alexander (1755–1804)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
93 words

..., Alexander ( 1755–1804 ) US statesman . During the American Revolution, he served as George Washington 's aide-de-camp and secretary. He was the leading writer of The Federalist Papers ( 1788 ), advocating the new US Constitution . As first secretary of the treasury ( 1789–95 ), he founded the national currency and the Bank of the United States ( 1791 ). In 1800 , he alienated many within the Federalist Party by backing Thomas Jefferson 's bid for the presidency. In 1804 , he thwarted Aaron Burr 's campaign for governor of New York. Burr...

Hamilton, Alexander

Hamilton, Alexander (1757–1804)   Reference library

The Biographical Dictionary of American Economists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
1,445 words

...the Establishment of a Mint (1791). Report on Manufactures (1791). Defense of the Funding System (1795?). Further Reading Frisch, M. J. , Alexander Hamilton and the Political Order (Lanham, MD, 1991). McKee, S. (ed.) Papers on Public Credit, Commerce and Finance by Alexander Hamilton (New York, 1934). Mitchell, B. , Alexander Hamilton: A Concise Biography (1986). Padover, S. K. , The Mind of Alexander Hamilton (New York, 1958). Morgen...

Hamilton, Alexander

Hamilton, Alexander (1755–1804)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Literature (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Literature
Length:
524 words

..., Alexander ( 1755–1804 ), was born in the Leeward Islands, the illegitimate son of a Scottish merchant. A letter he wrote to the local newspaper describing a West Indian hurricane won popular attention and led to his aunt's sending him to be educated at Elizabethtown, N.J., and at King's College. Unsettled political conditions interrupted his education, and although he was only 17, he published two anonymous pamphlets, A Full Vindication of the Measures of Congress ( 1774 ) and The Farmer Refuted ( 1775 ), answering the arguments of Samuel Seabury ...

Alexander Hamilton

Alexander Hamilton (c.1755–1804)   Reference library

Oxford Dictionary of Quotations (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
61 words

...0Alexander Alexander Hamilton c. 1755 – 1804 American politician , US Secretary to the Treasury, 1789–95, killed in a duel by Aaron burr A national debt, if it is not excessive, will be to us a national blessing. letter to Robert Morris, 30 April 1781, in John C. Hamilton (ed.) Works of Alexander Hamilton vol. 1 (1850) national debt national debt national ...

Alexander Hamilton

Alexander Hamilton (c.1755–1804)   Quick reference

Oxford Essential Quotations (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
35 words

...0Alexander Alexander Hamilton c. 1755 – 1804 American politician A national debt, if it is not excessive, will be to us a national blessing. letter to Robert Morris, 30 April 1781 national debt national debt national ...

Alexander Hamilton

Alexander Hamilton (1712–56)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of American Quotations (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
137 words

...Alexander Hamilton 1712 – 56 This place abounds with pritty women who … are, for the most part, free and affable as well as pritty. I saw not one prude while I was here. Boston in its youth was easygoing. The writer, Hamilton, was not the Founding Father of the same name, but an Annapolis physician, who traveled more than 1,600 miles during a four-month tour of the northern colonies August 16, 1744, Itinerarium “Farewell Connecticut,” said I, as I passed along the bridge. “I have had a surfeit of your ragged money, rough roads, and enthusiastic...

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