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Alabama State University

Like most historically black colleges and universities in the United States, Alabama State University was created in the wake of the Civil War. In 1865, a convalescing Union soldier from ...

Alabama State University

Alabama State University   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,279 words

... State University . Like most historically black colleges and universities in the United States, Alabama State University was created in the wake of the Civil War. In 1865 , a convalescing Union soldier from the North began to educate former slaves outside Marion, the county seat of Perry County, in the racially divided and often violent Black Belt subregion of Alabama. The following year, the soldier contacted the Congregationalist-headed American Missionary Association ( AMA ), whose leaders wanted to found black common schools in several Southern...

Alabama State University

Alabama State University  

Like most historically black colleges and universities in the United States, Alabama State University was created in the wake of the Civil War. In 1865, a convalescing Union soldier from ...
National Association For the Advancement of Colored People v. Alabama Ex Rel. Patterson

National Association For the Advancement of Colored People v. Alabama Ex Rel. Patterson  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
357 U.S. 449 (1958), argued 15–16 Jan. 1958, decided 30 June 1958 by vote of 9 to 0; Harlan for the Court. In this case, the Supreme Court upheld the right to freedom of association as an integral ...
Carl Carmer

Carl Carmer  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1893–1976),author and editor whose writings concentrate on the regional history and folkways of his native upstate New York and of Alabama, at whose state university he was a professor ...
Van Dyke, Henry

Van Dyke, Henry  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(b. 1928), editor, journalist, and novelist.Born in Allegan, Michigan, Henry Van Dyke spent his childhood in Montgomery, Alabama, where his father taught at Alabama State Teachers College. He ...
William Christenberry

William Christenberry  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1936– ).Photographer, painter, sculptor, and installation artist. Most of his work centers on themes drawn from the traditional rural South, where he grew up. His varied output includes evocative ...
Condoleezza Rice

Condoleezza Rice  

(1954– )US political scientist and stateswoman. Born in Alabama, she graduated from Denver University, aged 19, in 1974. In 1981 she received her doctorate and immediately became a fellow of Stanford ...
James Oliver Eastland

James Oliver Eastland  

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Overview Page
(b. Doddsville, Mississippi, 28 Nov. 1904; d. Doddsville, 19 Feb. 1986)US; member of the Mississippi State Legislature 1929–32; US Senator 1940–78 Born into a wealthy cotton plantation family, James ...
James Haskins

James Haskins  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1941–2005), author of nonfiction books for juveniles and adults, biographer, educator, critic, editor, and educational consultant.Born into a large family in a racially segregated middle-class ...
Gerald W. Barrax

Gerald W. Barrax  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(b. 1933), poet and educator.Bridging the poetic radicalism and experimentalism of the 1960s to the lyrical and confessional modes of the 1980s, the poetry of Gerald William Barrax draws on the life ...
Lord John Russell

Lord John Russell  

(1792–1878).Prime minister. A small, cocky man, Russell was the third son of the duke of Bedford and was educated at Westminster and Edinburgh University. He entered Parliament in 1818, sitting for ...
Woodie King, Jr.

Woodie King, Jr.  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(b. 1937), essayist, short-story writer, anthologist, dramatist, scriptwriter for film and television, producer, director, actor, and contributor to the Black Arts movement.Born in Mobile, Alabama, ...
Charles Evans Hughes

Charles Evans Hughes  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Law
(b. Glen Falls, New York, 11 Apr. 1862; d. Osterville, Massachusetts, 27 Aug. 1948)US; Governor of New York 1906–10, Republican presidential candidate 1916 Hughes, the son of a Baptist preacher, was ...
Normal

Normal (USA)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Normal , USA 1. Alabama: the site of the Alabama Agricultural and Mechanical University, founded in 1890 when it was known as the State Normal and Industrial School of Huntsville. 2. Illinois: founded in 1854 as North Bloomington and renamed in 1865 after Illinois State Normal University, a so-called normal school for teacher...

Alabama, University of

Alabama, University of   Reference library

Carl B. Hancock

The Grove Dictionary of American Music (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Music, Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies
Length:
237 words

..., University of . State university system with a main campus in Tuscaloosa and satellite campuses in Birmingham and Huntsville. The main campus opened in 1831 and the music department was established in 1918 with the appointment of Robert Lawrence, who taught voice and choir. The first BM degree was awarded in 1938 . The music faculty established the Southeastern Composers’ League in 1951 and for 20 years hosted the Regional Composers’ Forum ( 1951–70 ). In 1955 Alabama Educational Television's network telecast of the School of Music's production...

Lee, [Nelle] Harper

Lee, [Nelle] Harper (1926)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Literature (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Literature
Length:
59 words

...[Nelle] Harper ( 1926 – ), Alabama author, educated at the state university, won a Pulitzer Prize with the publication of her first novel, To Kill a Mockingbird ( 1960 ). The plot turns on the sensational trial of a black man charged with raping a white woman, as seen through the eyes of the young daughter of the white defense...

Carmer, Carl [Lamson]

Carmer, Carl [Lamson] (1893–1976)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Literature (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Literature
Length:
115 words

...and folkways of his native upstate New York and of Alabama, at whose state university he was a professor of English ( 1921–27 ). His books include Deep South ( 1930 ), poetry; Stars Fell on Alabama ( 1934 ), Negro and white folklore; Listen for a Lonesome Drum ( 1936 ), New York state folklore; The Hudson ( 1939 ) and The Susquehanna ( 1955 ), histories of life along these rivers; Genesee Fever ( 1941 ), a novel of early upstate New York; Dark Trees to the Wind ( 1949 ), New York state history; and The Farm Boy and the Angel ( 1970 ), on...

MANLY, Basil

MANLY, Basil (1798–1868)   Reference library

Deacon T. Newhouse

Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...University of Alabama (Tuscaloosa, Alabama, 1841). An Address on Agriculture, delivered before the Alabama State Agricultural Society, on 7 th Dec. 1841 (Tuscaloosa, Alabama, 1842). Divine Efficiency Consistent with Human Activity: Notes of a Sermon delivered by Rev. Basil Manly, D.D., at Pleasant Grove Church, Fayette, Co., Alabama, April 8 th , 1849, together with extracts from the proceedings of a Council assembled at the same time and place (Tuscaloosa, Alabama, 1849). Report on Collegiate Education, Made to the Trustees of the University of Alabama,...

PAINE, Robert

PAINE, Robert (1799–1882)   Reference library

John R. Shook

Dictionary of Early American Philosophers

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...of the Methodist Episcopal Church. In 1830 Paine became the first president of La Grange College in Franklin County, Alabama. Although the Methodists organized La Grange College, its founders obtained a state charter to operate the college without any denominational preference. The University of Alabama began classes the following year in 1831 , and for a time these two institutions were the only significant colleges in Alabama. As President, Paine’s primary teaching responsibilities were in the department of “moral science” which then consisted of...

Rice, Condoleezza

Rice, Condoleezza (1954)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
92 words

... and stateswoman . Born in Alabama, she graduated from Denver University, aged 19, in 1974 . In 1981 she received her doctorate and immediately became a fellow of Stanford University. She served on the first President Bush’s National Security Council (1989–91) and then returned to Stanford, where she was the first Black woman provost (1993–99). After advising George W. Bush on foreign affairs during his campaign for the presidency, she was appointed his National Security Advisor (2001–05) and then his Secretary of State...

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