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Ahmadou Ahidjo

(b. Garoua, Cameroon, Aug. 1924; d. Dakar, Senegal, 30 Nov. 1989) Cameroonian; Prime Minister 1958–60, President 1960–82 A Fula Muslim from the north of the country, Ahidjo ...

Ahidjo, Ahmadou

Ahidjo, Ahmadou   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Islam

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
58 words

...Ahidjo, Ahmadou Muslim premier ( 1958 ) and president ( 1960–82 ) of Cameroon. Founded Union Camerounaise in 1958 , combining five small, predominantly Muslim political groups from the north. Initiated an affirmative action program aimed at underprivileged areas of the country; the north was the major beneficiary of government development programs. Departed from office suddenly. Implicated in coup attempts of 1984...

Ahidjo, Ahmadou

Ahidjo, Ahmadou (Aug. 1924)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Contemporary World History (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
246 words

...Ahidjo, Ahmadou (b. Garoua, Cameroon , Aug. 1924 ; d. Dakar, Senegal , 30 Nov. 1989 ). Prime Minister of Cameroon 1958–60 , President 1960–82 A Fula Muslim from the north of the country, Ahidjo received a secondary education and became a radio operator in the post office before his election to the French Cameroon Territorial Assembly in 1947 . In 1953 he was elected to the Assembly of the French Union in Paris. He rose to be Vice-Prime Minister in 1957 and succeeded André-Marie Mbida as Prime Minister in 1958 , becoming President at...

Ahidjo, Ahmadou

Ahidjo, Ahmadou (1924)   Reference library

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,021 words

...Ahidjo, Ahmadou ( 1924 – 1989 ) , politician and first president of the Republic of Cameroon, was born in August 1924 in Garoua, an inland river port on the Benue River in the northern Sahel region of Cameroon. The son of a Fulani chief, he had a humble upbringing. He started his secondary education in Garoua and later switched to Yaounde, the national capital. After his secondary education, he served as a career civil servant until 1946 , when he started taking an interest in politics. As a civil service worker, Ahidjo worked as a radio operator for the...

Ahidjo, Ahmadou

Ahidjo, Ahmadou (Aug. 1924)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Political Biography (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
238 words

..., Ahmadou (b. Garoua, Cameroon , Aug. 1924 ; d. Dakar, Senegal , 30 Nov. 1989 ) Cameroonian ; Prime Minister 1958–60 , President 1960–82 A Fula Muslim from the north of the country, Ahidjo received a secondary education and became a radio operator in the post office before his election to the Representative Assembly in 1947 . In 1953 he was elected to the Assembly of the French Union in Paris. He rose to be Vice-Prime Minister in 1957 and Prime Minister in 1958 , becoming President at independence on 1 January 1960 . He remained in office...

Ahidjo, El Hajj Ahmadou

Ahidjo, El Hajj Ahmadou (1924–1989)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

..., El Hajj Ahmadou 1924–1989 Nationalist leader and president of Cameroon from 1960 to 1982 . Born and raised as a Muslim in the northern administrative center of Garoua, Ahmadou Ahidjo attended secondary school and college in Yaoundé. After working for several years as a radio operator, Ahidjo turned to politics. His 1949 election to the Cameroon representative assembly was followed by election in the 1950s to the territorial and union assemblies. He built a strong power base among the northern elite, composed of Fulbé notables and Hausa merchants....

Ahmadou Ahidjo

Ahmadou Ahidjo  

(b. Garoua, Cameroon, Aug. 1924; d. Dakar, Senegal, 30 Nov. 1989)Cameroonian; Prime Minister 1958–60, President 1960–82 A Fula Muslim from the north of the country, Ahidjo received a secondary ...
Paul Biya

Paul Biya  

(b. 13 Feb. 1933).President of Cameroon 1982–  Born at Mvomeka, he was educated in Yaoundé (1954–6) and in Paris (1956–62) before returning to Cameroon. He held various positions in Ahidjo's ...
Cameroon

Cameroon  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
Most people have seen little benefit from the exploitation of natural resourcesCameroon can be divided into four main regions. First, there is a coastal belt with mangrove forests and swamps that ...
Biya, Paul

Biya, Paul (1933–)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010

...of administrative and cabinet posts until President Ahmadou Ahidjo appointed him minister of state in 1970 . Five years later, Ahidjo named him prime minister. In November 1982 Ahidjo resigned and Biya became the second president of Cameroon. Ahidjo, however, retained his position of head of the sole legal party. Conflict ensued as Biya moved away from the autocratic style of his predecessor, but in 1983 Biya prevailed. He later formed a new party, seeking to further distinguish himself from Ahidjo. Biya outlined his philosophical principles in his...

Oyono‐Mbia, Guillaume

Oyono‐Mbia, Guillaume (b. 1939)   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
223 words

...for the Ministry of Culture and Information since 1972 . He has exploited his knowledge of rural life in south Cameroon to excellent comic effect in a trilogy of plays with the common theme of marriage. His first comedy, Trois prétendants un mari ( 1964 ), was awarded the Ahmadou Ahidjo Literary Prize in 1970 . The second, Jusqu'à nouvel avis ( 1970 ), was originally written in English and performed at the Edinburgh Festival, while the third, Notre fille ne se mariera pas , a radio play, won the Inter‐African Theatre Competition organized by Radio France...

Tumi, Christian Wiyghan

Tumi, Christian Wiyghan (1930)   Reference library

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
760 words

...Political Regimes of Ahmadou Ahidjo and Paul Biya, and Christian Tumi, Priest, offered a concise list of the failures of the post-colonial Cameroonian state under Biya and his predecessor. Since the Catholic Church mandated that priests retire at the age of seventy-five, Tumi officially stepped down from his position as archbishop on 17 November 2009 , but he continued to agitate for reform even in retirement. Tumi was a religious leader who believed he had a duty to promote political freedom in Cameroon. [ See also Ahidjo, Ahmadou ; and Biya, Paul ....

Biya, Paul

Biya, Paul (1933– )   Quick reference

A Dictionary of African Politics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...1933–  ) President of Cameroon since 1982 and the leader of the Rassemblement Démocratique du Peuple Camerounais ( RDPC ). Paul Biya initially entered the political fray in the 1960s during the tenure of President Ahmadou Ahidjo, under whom he held various top bureaucratic positions before serving as prime minister in 1975 . Ahidjo effectively handed power to Biya by promulgating a law stipulating that the president should be succeeded by the prime minister upon resignation and then abruptly standing down in 1982 . However, relations soon frayed...

Cameroon

Cameroon   Reference library

Oxford Encyclopedia of the Modern World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
History, Contemporary History (post 1945)
Length:
960 words

...in 1946 . The French Cameroons achieved independence as the Republic of Cameroon in 1960 , following a bloody guerrilla war fought by the nationalist Union des Population du Cameroun ( UPC ). The pro-French moderate nationalists led by Ahmadou Ahidjo took power, however, and the UPC continued its attacks. Ahidjo hunted the remaining UPC rebels, capturing and publicly executing its last leader, Ernest Ouandie, in 1970 . The British Cameroons attained sovereignty in 1961 by joining its neighbors. Following UN-organized plebiscites in February 1961 ,...

Biya, Paul

Biya, Paul (1933)   Reference library

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,228 words
Illustration(s):
1

...state bureaucracy, serving as Chargé de Mission in 1962 and as Permanent Secretary at the Ministry of National Education in 1965 . He was nominated to the post of Prime Minister by President Ahmadou Babatoura Ahidjo in 1975 . Biya succeeded Ahidjo as the second president of the Republic of Cameroon on 6 November 1982 . The vacuum caused by Ahidjo’s retirement pushed Biya into party politics. As the successor to Cameroon’s only other president, Biya felt a need to build a solid political foundation and unique political philosophy in order to...

Oyono-Mbia, Guillaume

Oyono-Mbia, Guillaume (1939)   Reference library

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
845 words

...plays, slapstick and jokes take center stage even as some serious issues are raised. However, the playwright carefully avoided discussing the role of Ahmadou Ahidjo’s regime, but instead made corruption and abuses appear as signs of the moral failings of individual bureaucrats. Oyono-Mbia is widely recognized as a founding father of postcolonial Cameroonian theater. [ See also Ahidjo, Ahmadou .] bibliography Butake, Bole . “The Rise of the Comic Genre in Cameroon Drama: A Case Study of the Dramatic Compositions of Guillaume Oyono Mbia.” In Le...

Foncha, John Ngu

Foncha, John Ngu (1916)   Reference library

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,073 words
Illustration(s):
1

... Foncha became premier of the Southern Cameroons. With Nigeria’s independence in 1960 , Foncha began work with constituencies across the Cameroonian Anglo-Franco divide toward the reunification of Cameroon, including the president of the independent Republic of Cameroon, Ahmadou Ahidjo. On 11 February 1961 Southern Cameroonians voted in a plebiscite to achieve independence by joining the Republic of Cameroon rather than Nigeria. Negotiations over the constitution began in earnest and reached their peak at the Bamenda Conference of June 1961 and the...

Njeuma, Dorothy L.

Njeuma, Dorothy L. (1943– )   Reference library

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
930 words

...She remained in this position for the next five years. In 1975 , the dictatorship of Ahmadou Ahidjo chose Njuema to become the deputy minister of education. She thus became one of the first women to hold a top ministerial position in Cameroon. Among her achievements in this position were the creation of a nationwide set of educational tests and the promotion of education for girls. Njuema remained in this post until 1985 , when she was replaced when Paul Biya succeeded Ahidjo as Cameroon’s president. She worked as a consultant to the Minister of Education from...

Cameroon

Cameroon   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
1,113 words

...the Federal Republic of Cameroon (after 1972 the United Republic of Cameroon and after 1984 the Republic of Cameroon). The first president, Ahmadou Ahidjo ( 1924–1989 ), under French influence, accepted a constitution similar to that of de Gaulle 's France. He quickly modified it, creating an authoritarian, centralized regime with the secret police as the ultimate arbiter of conflict. Paul Biya replaced Ahidjo in a constitutional transfer of power in 1982 . The 1996 constitution limits the president to two seven-year terms in office and there is a...

Mongo Beti

Mongo Beti (1932)   Reference library

Dictionary of African Biography

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
1,244 words

...examination for teachers) and was appointed at Lycée Corneille (Rouen), where he taught until retirement ( 1993 ). After fourteen years of silence, Mongo Beti published Main basse sur le Cameroun ( 1972 ), a lampoon revealing the reprisal of nationalist militants by Ahmadou Ahidjo’s government. The book was censored by the then French minister of the interior, Raymond Marcellin, for its foreign origin, despite the author’s French citizenship. This was followed by a four-year lawsuit that resulted in the reinstatement of the book and his nationality. The...

Cameroon

Cameroon   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Africa

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Regional and Area Studies, History, Regional and National History
Length:
3,365 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Camerounaise ( UC ), led by El Hajj Ahmadou Ahidjo . France supported these more moderate parties, hoping for close relations with an independent Cameroon. Mbida proved to be a cautious nationalist and his transitional government collapsed as Ahidjo and the UC broke from Mbida’s governing coalition. In 1958 Ahidjo formed a new government, calling for immediate independence while reassuring France that close economic, cultural, political, and military ties would be maintained. Those ties proved immediately useful to Ahidjo, who depended upon the French...

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