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Agricultural Experiment Stations.

By the 1880s, industrialization and urbanization in America were generating increasing demands for farm products, while the plains and western states were producing surpluses for a ...

Agricultural Experiment Stations.

Agricultural Experiment Stations.   Reference library

Barbara A. Kimmelman

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
655 words

...agricultural research stations in every state addressing the needs of growers. An Office of Experiment Stations within the U.S. Department of Agriculture coordinated this decentralized system. Expectations concerning the role of the agricultural stations generated tensions, since their constituency included such diverse groups as farmers, agricultural businesses, and state and federal legislators. Moreover, the close geographical and structural relationship many of them had with the land-grant colleges placed strong educational demands on station...

Agricultural Experiment Stations

Agricultural Experiment Stations   Reference library

Barbara A. Kimmelman

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the History of American Science, Medicine, and Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...agricultural research stations in every state addressing the needs of growers. An Office of Experiment Stations within the U.S. Department of Agriculture coordinated this decentralized system. Expectations concerning the role of the agricultural stations generated tensions because their constituency included such diverse groups as farmers, agricultural businesses, and state and federal legislators. Moreover, the close geographical and structural relationship many of them had with the land-grant colleges placed strong educational demands on station...

Agricultural Experiment Stations.

Agricultural Experiment Stations.  

By the 1880s, industrialization and urbanization in America were generating increasing demands for farm products, while the plains and western states were producing surpluses for a developing ...
Policing

Policing   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,788 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...nationwide constabulary before one had even been established for London. And whereas the early English forces were deliberately unmilitary—dressed in top hats and blue tailcoats and armed only with truncheons—the Irish constabulary were paramilitary forces, in military uniform, stationed in barracks, and armed with carbines and pistols. The extent and success of this parliamentary resistance to a police force in England was not the result of any strong civil libertarian impulse among MPs. The House of Commons before 1832 was elected on a very narrow *class...

Forging an Identity: The Emergence of Ancient Israel

Forging an Identity: The Emergence of Ancient Israel   Reference library

Lawrence E. Stager

Oxford History of the Biblical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
19,872 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
4

...chariots, where are they stationed? Are they stationed close at hand or are they not? Fortify your towns, bring the troops and the chariots into them, and wait for the enemy with firm feet. (Sandars, 142–43) Ammurapi replies: My father, the enemy ships are already here, they have set fire to my towns and have done very great damage in the country. My father, did you not know that all my troops were stationed in the Hittite country, and that all my ships are still stationed in Lycia and have not yet...

1 & 2 Kings

1 & 2 Kings   Reference library

Walter Dietrich, Walter Dietrich, and Walter Dietrich

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
40,434 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...family. Solomon, however, has ambitions of his own. Although he is only the tenth in the line of David's sons ( cf. 2 Sam 3:2–5; 5:14–16 ) he has the political and military heavyweights of the city of Jerusalem on his side: the mercenary general Benaiah, with his élite troops stationed on the premises ( 2 Sam 20:23; 23:8–39 ), the high priest Zadok ( 2 Sam 15:24–9 ) and the prophet Nathan ( 2 Sam 7; 12 ). The situation is tense, particularly because Adonijah—as Absalom had once done ( 2 Sam 13:23–9; 15:7–12 )—invites members of his party to a great feast at a...

Agricultural Education and Extension.

Agricultural Education and Extension.  

The system of agricultural education and extension consists of the land-grant colleges with their associated agricultural experiment stations and cooperative extension services, and secondary schools ...
Anatoly Berezovoi

Anatoly Berezovoi  

(1942– )Soviet cosmonaut. Along with Valentin Lebedev, he set a record of 211 days in space in the space station Soyuz T-5, arriving in May 1982 and returning in December. They conducted numerous ...
NYSAES

NYSAES   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Wine (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

..., New York State Agricultural Experiment Station in Geneva. See cornell...

Agricultural Experimentation and Research

Agricultural Experimentation and Research   Reference library

Andrew F. Smith

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Food and Drink in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...findings conducted by the experiment stations. The impact of agricultural colleges, experiment stations, and bulletins heightened productivity in American agriculture. In addition, the Hatch Act established the U.S. Office of Experiment Stations, and Atwater became its first chief. The U.S. Office of Experiment Stations published the Experiment Station Record , which reported on the studies conducted by all stations around the country. In 1906 Congress passed the Adams Act, which increased appropriations to $30,000 per station for use in original research...

Agricultural Education and Extension

Agricultural Education and Extension   Reference library

Roy V. Scott

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the History of American Science, Medicine, and Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

... Education and Extension The system of agricultural education and extension consists of the land-grant colleges with their associated agricultural experiment stations and cooperative extension services and secondary schools that offer vocational instruction in agriculture. The 69 land-grant colleges that existed by the end of the twentieth century were established under the provisions of the Morrill Land Grant Act of 1862 , which required that they offer residential instruction in agriculture. The Hatch Act of 1887 appropriated federal funds for...

Agricultural Education and Extension.

Agricultural Education and Extension.   Reference library

Roy V. Scott

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
399 words

...Agricultural Education and Extension. The system of agricultural education and extension consists of the land-grant colleges with their associated agricultural experiment stations and cooperative extension services, and secondary schools that offer vocational instruction in agriculture. The sixty-nine land-grant colleges that existed by the end of the twentieth century were established under the provisions of the Morrill Land Grant Act of 1862 , which required that they offer residential instruction in agriculture. The Hatch Act of 1887 appropriated...

Agricultural Extension and Education

Agricultural Extension and Education   Reference library

Roy V. Scott

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Business, Labor, and Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... Extension and Education The system of agricultural education and extension consists of the land-grant colleges with their associated agricultural experiment stations and cooperative extension services, as well as secondary schools that offer vocational instruction in agriculture. The sixty-nine land-grant colleges that existed by the end of the twentieth century were established under the provisions of the Morrill Land Grant Act of 1862 , which required that they offer residential instruction in agriculture. The Hatch Act of 1887 appropriated federal...

Berezovoi, Anatoly

Berezovoi, Anatoly (1942–2014)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Space Exploration (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...Berezovoi, Anatoly ( 1942–2014 ) Soviet cosmonaut . Along with Valentin Lebedev , he set a record of 211 days in space in the space station Soyuz T-5 , arriving in May 1982 and returning in December . They conducted numerous experiments, including ones in biology, agriculture, and geology, and launched an amateur-radio satellite designed by Russian students. Berezovoi also took a space walk of nearly three hours. He was selected as a cosmonaut in 1970 and left the space programme in 1992...

Agriculture, U.S. Department of

Agriculture, U.S. Department of   Reference library

Richard C. Sawyer

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the History of American Science, Medicine, and Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...Department of the Interior. During the late twentieth century the USDA came under criticism for favoring large agribusinesses and big, rich, white farmers in its scientific research, economic policies, and regulatory actions. [ See also Agricultural Education and Extension ; Agricultural Experiment Stations ; Agricultural Technology ; Biological Sciences ; Botany ; Carson, Rachel ; Disease ; Entomology ; Environmentalism ; Food and Diet ; Food Processing ; Forest Service, U.S. ; 4-H Club Movement ; Home Economics Movement ; Hybrid Seeds ; ...

Morrill Land Grant Act

Morrill Land Grant Act   Reference library

Roger L. Geiger

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the History of American Science, Medicine, and Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...brought useful knowledge to the farmers Justin Morrill had originally sought to help. [ See also Agricultural Education and Extension ; Agricultural Experiment Stations ; Agricultural Technology ; Agriculture, U.S. Department of ; Engineering ; High Schools, Science Education in ; Higher Education and Science ; and Research and Development .] Bibliography Eddy, Edward D., Jr. Colleges for Our Land and Time: The Land-Grant Idea in American Education . New York: Harper, 1957. Geiger, Roger L. , ed. The Land-Grant Act and American Higher Education...

popcorn

popcorn   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Genetics (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
133 words
Illustration(s):
1

...characters in maize. Nebraska Agricultural Experiment Station Research Bulletin 2 (1913). Quantitative inheritance in maize . Distribution of ear lengths in parents, F 1 , and F 2 generations of a cross between Tom Thumb popcorn and Black Mexican sweet corn. Adapted from R. A. Emerson and E. M. East, The inheritance of quantitative characters in maize. Nebraska Agricultural Experiment Station Research Bulletin 2 (1913). ...

quantitative inheritance

quantitative inheritance   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Genetics (8 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Science and technology, Life Sciences
Length:
181 words
Illustration(s):
1

...characters in maize. Nebraska Agricultural Experiment Station Research Bulletin 2 (1913). Quantitative inheritance in maize . Distribution of ear lengths in parents, F 1 , and F 2 generations of a cross between Tom Thumb popcorn and Black Mexican sweet corn. Adapted from R. A. Emerson and E. M. East, The inheritance of quantitative characters in maize. Nebraska Agricultural Experiment Station Research Bulletin 2 (1913). ...

Atwater, Wilbur O.

Atwater, Wilbur O. (1844–1907)   Reference library

Andrew F. Smith

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Food and Drink in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...created a second agricultural experiment station at the Storrs Agricultural College (which later became the University of Connecticut), and Atwater became its director. The Hatch Act also established the U.S. Office of Experiment Stations within the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). Selected as its first chief, Atwater established the Experiment Station Record , which reported on the studies conducted by all agricultural experiment stations around the country. He also built nutrition studies into the projects of each experiment station. After completing...

Morrill Land-Grant College Acts

Morrill Land-Grant College Acts   Reference library

Andrew F. Smith

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Food and Drink in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...offered had little effect on the nation's agriculture. In the late nineteenth century a series of bills passed Congress to improve and strengthen land-grant colleges. In 1887 Congress passed the Hatch Act, which provided $15,000 to each college to conduct research into agricultural matters; experiment stations were set up in almost every state. The act also required the publication of bulletins to disseminate research findings conducted by the experiment stations. The agricultural colleges and experiment stations, and the informative bulletins they...

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