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agrarian

Describing an agricultural system which combines horticulture and animals.

Agrarians

Agrarians   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Literature (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Literature
Length:
36 words

... , name applied to certain Southern writers, including J.C. Ransom , J.G. Fletcher , R.P. Warren , Allen Tate , and Donald Davidson , who had championed an agrarian economy for the South and the more general movement known as Regionalism...

Agrarians

Agrarians   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to American Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Literature
Length:
38 words

...Agrarians , name applied to certain Southern writers, including J. C. Ransom , J. G. Fletcher , R. P., Warren , Allen Tate , and Donald Davidson , who championed an agrarian economy for the South and the more general movement known as Regionalism...

Agrarians

Agrarians   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
61 words

... The name given to a group of writers from the Southern US states which included John Crowe Ransom , Allen Tate , and Robert Penn Warren . They expressed their resistance to urbanization and the loss of tradition in their manifesto, the 1930 collection of essays I'll Take my Stand . Several of these writers subsequently retreated from their 1930 ...

Agrarians

Agrarians   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
61 words

... The name given to a group of writers from the Southern US states which included John Crowe Ransom , Allen Tate , and Robert Penn Warren . They expressed their resistance to urbanization and the loss of tradition in their manifesto, the 1930 collection of essays I'll Take my Stand . Several of these writers subsequently retreated from their 1930 position....

Agrarians

Agrarians   Reference library

J. Burt

The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...a turn sympathetic toward Agrarianism. And important southern writers of succeeding generations such as Flannery O’Connor and Wendell Berry inherited something of Agrarianism in their sensibilities. Early 21st-c. manifestations of “green” lit. and crit. also share some features—such as hostility to capitalist materialism and respect for the otherness of nature—with Agrarianism. See environment and poetry . Bibliography P. K. Conkin , The Southern Agrarians (1988) ; P. V. Murphy , The Rebuke of History: The Southern Agrarians and American Conservative...

Southern Agrarians

Southern Agrarians   Reference library

Ted Atkinson

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Cultural and Intellectual History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...Agrarians Agrarianism in the U.S. South was integral to the formation of regional and national ideals and identities, as evinced by Thomas Jefferson 's Notes on Virginia ( 1787 ). Influence and ethos form the connective tissue between Jefferson and the Southern Agrarians, a cohort of intellectuals emergent in the latter half of the 1920s at Vanderbilt University after The Fugitive literary magazine folded. The triumvirate of John Crowe Ransom , Allen Tate , and Donald Davidson turned from that enterprise, which involved channeling literary...

Agrarians, The

Agrarians, The   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Twentieth-Century Literature in English

Reference type:
Subject Reference

..., The , a name given to specific Southern US poets and writers who espoused an ideology that championed regionalism and an agrarian economy for the South in the late 1920s and early 1930s. This group published The Fugitive ( 1922–5 ), a bi-monthly magazine based in Nashville, Tennessee, which combined poetry and criticism attacking the ‘high-caste Brahmins of the Old South’, in the phrase of the editorial. Perceiving themselves to have been invaded by Northern capitalist monopolies, their critique was aimed at what they took to be the cultural...

Agrarians

Agrarians  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Name applied to certain Southern writers, including J. C. Ransom, J. G. Fletcher, R. P., Warren, Allen Tate, and Donald Davidson, who championed an agrarian economy for the South and the more general ...
agrarian

agrarian   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... Relating to agriculture or farming...

agrarianism

agrarianism   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Sociology (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Social sciences, Sociology
Length:
36 words

... Agrarian societies are those that combine horticulture and animal husbandry in systems of farming. Agrarianism also refers to the romanticization of the rural farm as the ideal place for family life. See also rural sociology...

agrarian

agrarian   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Agriculture and Land Management

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
43 words

... Relating to farmland and its economy, the cultivation of land or land tenure. For example, the agrarian revolution in the UK took place in the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, which saw significant improvements in productivity and agricultural reform. See also agriculture...

agrarianism

agrarianism   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

... , loosely termed ‘back to the land’, was a defining characteristic of popular radicalism. Some agrarians, like Thomas *Spence , called for the abolition of private property, while others desired a restored peasantry. Common to all was a belief in the viability of small-scale agricultural enterprise, and in the right of universal equal access to the *land [16] . Agrarianism derived from an awareness of how inequalities in landholding, which *enclosure was extending, reinforced all other inequalities. In this sense virtually all British radical...

Agrarianism

Agrarianism   Reference library

Nicholas Everett

The Oxford Companion to Modern Poetry (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

... A movement among men of letters in the American South of the late 1920s and 1930s to defend its traditional agricultural way of life against the industrialization and urbanization that were fast overwhelming it. The ‘Twelve Southerners’ who contributed essays to the most substantial Agrarian publication, I'll Take My Stand: The South and the Agrarian Tradition ( 1930 ), were Donald * Davidson , John Gould * Fletcher , Henry Blue Kline , Lyle Lanier , Andrew Lytle , H. C. Nixon , Frank Lawrence Owsley , John Crowe * Ransom , Allen *...

Agrarianism

Agrarianism   Reference library

Norman WIRZBA

Berkshire Encyclopedia of Sustainability

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Science and technology, Social sciences
Length:
1,007 words

...those who were not farmers themselves lived in close, sympathetic proximity with agricultural realities and requirements. What agrarian life affords—though hardly guarantees—is the practical and intimate insight that insofar as we eat, breathe, and drink we also need to care for the geo-bio-chemical sources that feed us. To degrade, exhaust, or destroy one’s land or livestock is also to put one’s own life at risk. Agrarian life, which is not to be confused with the extractive and profiteering ethos of agribusiness, is an education that trains people in...

agrarian civilization

agrarian civilization   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

... civilization A society that depends on an agricultural economy , and which is therefore settled, as opposed to hunter‐gathering...

agrarian societies

agrarian societies   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Archaeology, History
Length:
19 words

... societies [Ge] Societies whose means of subsistence is based on agricultural production, crop‐growing, and the husbandry of...

agrarian protest

agrarian protest   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Irish History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
478 words

...by the agricultural labourers and cottiers who were their employees and subtenants. Agrarian crime declined after the Famine, as population pressure eased and living standards rose. Threats, assaults, and property damage all increased sharply with the return of agrarian depression from the late 1870s; but this was in the context of a movement ( see land war ) quite different, in its level of organization, ideology, and social composition, from the agrarian secret societies of earlier decades. Clark, S. , and Donnelly, J. S. (eds.), Irish Peasants:...

agrarian parties

agrarian parties   Quick reference

Wyn Grant

A Concise Oxford Dictionary of Politics and International Relations (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Social sciences, Politics
Length:
294 words

... parties Parties representing farmers have been a significant feature of many Western political systems, but are now declining in importance. As urbanization and industrialization reduce the share of the rural population in the electorate, agrarian parties have found it more difficult to sustain an electoral base, and a number have either faded away, or have converted themselves into parties with a more general electoral appeal. The interests of farmers may be more effectively represented by national farmers’ organizations with close links with the...

agrarian revolt

agrarian revolt   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Canadian History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
738 words

... revolt . The so-called agrarian revolt was led by western grain growers seeking greater economic returns from the new wheat industry. Organized in their provincial associations, they enthusiastically adopted co-operative techniques for buying and marketing in their production system. They soon discovered that there were clear limits to what they could achieve by local means. The grain growers hoped to maximize returns by limiting production costs. This meant dealing with the costs of credit, transportation, and machinery—that is, the banks, the railways,...

Religious Agrarianism

Religious Agrarianism   Reference library

Todd LeVasseur

The Oxford Encyclopedia of Food and Drink in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...religious agrarianism is emerging as part of the greening of religion. By fusing ecological agrarian values and ethics into existing religious cosmologies, religious agrarians are renewing and reinterpreting their traditions to make them relevant to modern-day sustainable food concerns. Religious agrarians find evidence and inspiration in their own traditions to engage in sustainable farming, yet they are conversant and knowledgeable about many of the same issues of concern that motivate ecological agrarians. Therefore, religious agrarianism is a mix of...

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