You are looking at 1-20 of 689 entries  for:

  • All: Agrarian Relations x
clear all

View:

Overview

Agrarian Relations

The fiscal, economic, political, and social interrelations between the owner of land and its cultivator as reflected factually in the form of rent and coercion and juridically in ownership ...

Agrarian Relations

Agrarian Relations   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
225 words

... Relations , the fiscal, economic, political, and social interrelations between the owner of land and its cultivator as reflected factually in the form of rent and coercion and juridically in ownership and possession . Byz. was an agricultural society, the basis of the economy being the soil. Like Rome, Byz. attached extreme importance to the status of land and the persons who cultivated or owned land. Consequently, to understand Byz. agrarian relations is to understand both the Byz. economic system and state structure. Scholarship has tended to...

Agrarian Relations

Agrarian Relations  

The fiscal, economic, political, and social interrelations between the owner of land and its cultivator as reflected factually in the form of rent and coercion and juridically in ownership and ...
Land

Land   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,951 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...enduring goal of republican and nationalist politics in Ireland. While elsewhere in Britain this pattern in the network of political relations between city and country developed under the auspices of the parliamentary reform movement, another pattern was grounded in the communitarian tradition. Forging links between Enlightenment rationalism and customary heritage, Thomas Spence recast the communitarian rhetoric of agrarianism. Outflanking Paine to the left by his call for the rights of *women [4] and infants as well as men, Spence's ‘Land Plan’, first...

Agricultural History

Agricultural History   Quick reference

David Hey

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
4,344 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...yields diminished and a crisis of subsistence occurred long before the Black Death. His ideas have subsequently been refined, but they long provided the framework for debate on medieval agriculture. See H. E. Hallam (ed.), The Agrarian History of England and Wales , ii: 1042–1350 (1988) , Edward Miller (ed.), The Agrarian History of England and Wales , iii: 1350–1500 (1991) , and Christopher Dyer , Making a Living in the Middle Ages: The People of Britain, 850–1520 (2002). The Black Death and later epidemics, which reduced the population...

Class

Class   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,846 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...changes in agrarian, industrial, and commercial structures and processes. This essay will spotlight such contests, especially between contestants from above and below at significant moments in the development of social relations, by focusing on a series of major languages, particularly those of custom, *constitutionalism , *religion [10] , *political economy [33] , and, of course, class itself. One of the key arenas in which social difference was defined and articulated in the eighteenth century was that of custom and customary relations. E. P. Thompson...

Utopianism

Utopianism   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,929 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...from Ruin ( 1793 ) imagined a day when the greater public virtue, resulting from *republicanism , would end the need for any system of punishment. As early as the 1780s a more collectivist strand in republicanism was being developed in the writings of Thomas *Spence , whose *agrarian utopia was founded on the nationalization of land and its management at the parish level. Spence himself participated in the revival of utopia as a literary genre that went along with this kind of political speculation. In A Supplement to the History of Robinson Crusoe (...

Domesticity

Domesticity   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,930 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...naturalization effectively reactivated the Puritan patriarchalist conception of the family, which had been attacked and replaced in the work of Locke by the contractual model of state and family relations. Burke's rhetoric sentimentalized paternal authority, and hence became a key component in the larger sentimentalizing of marriage and familial relations. Burke's elaboration of a specifically aristocratic sense of the family within the framework of a mythical interconnection between ‘those who are living, those who are dead, and those who are yet to be...

Poverty

Poverty   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,179 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...were distinctly old-fashioned (rules typically forbade ploughing in favour of ‘spade husbandry’), and were criticized on the very modern grounds that they encouraged population. Cottages represented a society of sturdy yeomen existing in some recent but ill-defined era before *agrarian change. The theory of pauperism, for all its scientific status, tended to presuppose a past age in which the poor were less dependent and corrupt. Many who borrowed Malthus's concept of population surplus wavered between his analysis of the vigorous, reproductive body and an...

Family and Society

Family and Society   Quick reference

Ralph Houlbrooke

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,144 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... The Making of the English Middle Class: Business, Society and Family Life in London 1660–1730 ( 1989 ), Margaret R. Hunt , The Middling Sort: Commerce, Gender, and the Family in England, 1680–1780 ( 1996 ), and Keith Snell , Annals of the Labouring Poor: Social Change and Agrarian England 1660–1900 ( 1985 ). Several historians have looked at the family through the eyes of women and children , and some of them have emphasized the repressive aspects of the institution. See, for example, Jane Lewis , Women in England, 1870–1950: Sexual Divisions and...

Antiquarianism (Popular)

Antiquarianism (Popular)   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,164 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...entered a phase in which the issues of *class [15] hostility and intellectual property rights became for the first time fully explicit. Ritson's emergence in Newcastle in the later 1770s coincided with the *American Revolution , the first speeches and pamphlets of the *agrarian communist Thomas *Spence , and Brand 's Popular Antiquities . The provocation that brought Ritson onto the national stage was probably the contribution to the Gentleman's Magazine of a young scholar from Ireland, Edmund Malone, gifted enough to have won instant acceptance...

Theodore of Dekapolis

Theodore of Dekapolis  

(Dekapolites), mid-10th-C. high official, patrikios and quaestor under Constantine VII, magistros under Romanos II. He was the author of several novels concerning agrarian relations. The Novel of ...
Petur Stamboliiski

Petur Stamboliiski  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(b. Slavovitsa near Radomir, 1 March 1879; d. near Slavovitsa, 15 June 1923)Bulgarian; Prime Minister 1919–23 Stamboliiski was born into a wealthy peasant family, and studied agriculture in Germany. ...
Alexandar Stambolisky

Alexandar Stambolisky  

(b. 1 Mar. 1879, d. 14 June 1923).Prime Minister of Bulgaria 1919–23 Born in Slavoviza, the son of a wealthy peasant family went to study agriculture in Germany. Upon his return he became head of the ...
coercion bills

coercion bills  

Under various names, were a sombre obbligato to Anglo-Irish relations throughout much of the 19th cent. Sometimes produced by threat of revolution or actual insurrection, or by widespread agrarian ...
extended family

extended family  

A multigenerational group of people related by blood and marriage, often comprising an identifiable head (a patriarch or matriarch), their offspring and spouses, and the children of this second ...
Urho Kekkonen

Urho Kekkonen  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(b. Kajana, Finland, 3 Sept. 1900; d. Helsinki, 31 Aug. 1986)Finnish; Prime Minister 1950–3, 1954–6, President 1956–81 The son of a forestry foreman, Kekkonen attended school in his native township ...
Cornēlius Scīpiō Aemiliānus Africānus (Numantīnus), Publius

Cornēlius Scīpiō Aemiliānus Africānus (Numantīnus), Publius  

Reference type:
Overview Page
B. 185/4 bc as second son of Aemilius Paullus (2), adopted as a child by Cornelius Scipio, son of Cornelius Scipio Africanus. In 168 he fought under Paullus at Pydna. Back in Rome, he met Polybius, ...
industrialization

industrialization  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
History
The process of change from a basic agrarian economy to an industrialized one. It was first experienced by Britain in the Industrial Revolution and at much the same time in the New England states of ...
Southern Agrarians

Southern Agrarians   Reference library

Ted Atkinson

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Cultural and Intellectual History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

...identity, the arts, economics, and race relations, the Agrarians argued that they were promoting “universal” values with regional inflections. I’ll Take My Stand sold a measly two thousand copies in its first printing, and Southern Agrarian solidarity fractured after the publication of a sequel: Who Owns America?: A New Declaration of Independence ( 1936 ), a collection of twenty-one essays edited by Tate and Herbert Agar that was explicit in its aim of transcending regional confines to assert the Agrarian principles of antifederalism, private...

extended family

extended family   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Public Health (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...by blood and marriage, often comprising an identifiable head (a patriarch or matriarch), their offspring and spouses, and the children of this second generation; often there are additional relations, cousins, second cousins, etc., all of whom recognize their kinship and possess a high degree of family solidarity. Extended families were the norm in pastoral and agrarian societies but have often broken down into nuclear families (two generations; i.e., marital partners and their children) in industrial societies, where there is usually higher geographical...

View: