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Aggadah

Subject: Religion

The aspect of Jewish, especially Talmudic, literature that embraces all non-legal topics. Aggadah treats of Jewish history, ethics, philosophy, folklore, medicine, astronomy, popular ...

Aggadah

Aggadah   Quick reference

A Concise Companion to the Jewish Religion

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
56 words

... The aspect of Jewish, especially Talmudic, literature that embraces all non-legal topics. Aggadah treats of Jewish history, ethics, philosophy, folklore, medicine, astronomy, popular proverbs, pious tales, and so forth. Aggadah is thus best defined as including any subject of relevance to Judaism that is not embraced by the term Halakhah , the legal side of...

Aggadah

Aggadah   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
57 words

... / Haggadah (Heb., ‘narrative’). Rabbinic teaching which is not halakhah and which includes stories, legends, history, ethical maxims, and witticisms. The rabbis themselves maintained that aggadah was not authoritative and insisted that ‘no halakhah may be derived from the aggadot’ ( TJ Peéah 2. 6, 17a); but its status in relation to insight and piety is...

AGGADAH

AGGADAH   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
1,582 words

...bent (such as the ge’onim of Babylonia, and Maimonides) stressed that the aggadah was not to be granted the same authority as other parts of the religious literature. But the depth and charm of the aggadah is evident, for example, in its widespread use by Rashi as a major source in his commentary on the Bible, which became a staple of basic Jewish education. In the present era, Ḥayyim Naḥman Bialik (“Halakhah and Aggadah”) categorized the terms aggadah and halakhah symbolically as complementary, yet interdependent aspects of the Jewish...

aggadah

aggadah   Reference library

CTR Hayward

The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
413 words

...aggadah A word designating all non-legal themes, as opposed to legal material ( see halakhah ) in classical rabbinic literature from its earliest document (the Mishnah, redacted c . ad 200) to the Middle Ages and beyond. It includes many different literary genres, from mini-narratives, historiography, and ethical teachings to prayers, doxologies, and poetry. In all these, biblical interpretation is pervasive, the aggadah concentrating on resolving apparent contradictions in scripture; filling gaps in biblical narratives; providing explanations of difficult...

Aggadah

Aggadah noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
9 words
Aggadah

Aggadah noun   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
11 words
Aggadah

Aggadah  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The aspect of Jewish, especially Talmudic, literature that embraces all non-legal topics. Aggadah treats of Jewish history, ethics, philosophy, folklore, medicine, astronomy, popular proverbs, pious ...
2 The Sacred Book

2 The Sacred Book   Reference library

Carl Olson

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,051 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...the Mishnah is a collection of originally oral laws divided into six orders according to subject-matter, devoid of direct reference to the Pentateuch (written Torah). In addition, Rabbinic Judaism gave birth to the Talmud, containing analysis and elaboration of rabbinic lore ( aggadah ), which is prominent in the collection known as the Midrash that originated in the academies of Palestine and Babylonia. Within the Talmud, legal ( halakhah ) aspects dominate the text. 3 Formative Christian tradition The early Christian community did not possess its own sacred...

The Bible in Judaism

The Bible in Judaism   Reference library

Philip Alexander

The Oxford Illustrated History of the Bible

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
8,614 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
10

...the numerical value of the words is computed for exegetical purposes (a device known as gematria ). However, an important distinction is observed between the exposition of the legal parts of scripture (the Halakhah) and the exposition of the non-legal, narrative portions (the Aggadah). The former were treated much more conservatively, well within the range of techniques which one would expect sober jurisprudents to employ. The latter, however, can be subjected to extreme forms of manipulation to make them yield the homiletic, theological, or moral points...

Essay with Commentary on Post-Biblical Jewish Literature

Essay with Commentary on Post-Biblical Jewish Literature   Reference library

Philip S. Alexander

The Oxford Bible Commentary

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2022
Subject:
Religion
Length:
48,106 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...true. Thus they will sometimes interpret a text according to its simple, surface meaning; at other times they will find hidden in it allegorical, or homiletic, or even mystical senses. They divided the text of Scripture into two broad categories: aggadah (narrative) and halakah (law). Midrash aggadah could be freer and more fanciful than midrash halakah, though there was a strong tendency to insist that the simple sense (the pešat ) should always be given primacy, and that no one should attempt to disclose meanings in Scripture that are contrary to...

Maʿaseh Book

Maʿaseh Book  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(Heb., ‘Story Book’; Yid., Mayse Bukh).A collection of anonymous Jewish folk tales. The Maʿaseh Book was first publ. in Yiddish in 1602 and contains 254 stories, including Talmudic aggadah, midrash, ...
613 Precepts

613 Precepts  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A precept of the Torah, a mitzvah, is a divine command contained in the Pentateuch and can be either a positive precept—a command to do something—or a negative precept—a command to refrain from doing ...
Wilhelm Bacher

Wilhelm Bacher  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(1850–1913), scholar born in Liptó-Szent-Miklós, Hungary. Ordained as a rabbi at the Breslau Rabbinical Seminary in 1876, Bacher was named professor at the Landesrabbinerschule in Budapest in 1877, ...
Aggadat Bereshit

Aggadat Bereshit  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
An aggadic midrash (‘commentary’) on the book of Genesis. It probably should be dated in the 10th cent. ce.
Abimelech

Abimelech  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(date uncertain, 19th–16th cents. bce).King of Gerar, whom both Abraham and Isaac tried to deceive by presenting their wives as their sisters (Genesis 20, 26. 1–11). He also appears ...
Eliʿezer Ben Yosei Ha-Galili

Eliʿezer Ben Yosei Ha-Galili  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(2d cent.), tanna’; pupil of R. ʿAqiva’ ben Yosef, he was one of those who established the academy at Yavneh (Ber. 63b) and then in Usha’. A noted aggadist, he ...
Tishrei

Tishrei  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(), seventh month in the religious calendar and the first month in the civil and chronological calendar. Tishrei always has thirty days. The name does not occur in the Bible ...
Yitsḥaq Nappaḥa’

Yitsḥaq Nappaḥa’  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(c.250–300), Palestinian amora’, possibly a grandson of the tanna’ of the same name (c.140–180). He was a member of R. Yoḥanan’s academy and a colleague of R. Yoḥanan’s great disciples ...
Tanḥuma

Tanḥuma  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A group of Jewish aggadic midrashim containing many midrashim attributed to Rabbi Tanḥuma Bar Abba (late 4th cent. ce). Tanḥuma is based on the triennial cycle of Torah reading observed in Erez ...
Keneset Yisrael

Keneset Yisrael  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(Heb., ‘the community of Israel’).The totality of the Jewish community. In aggadic literature, ‘Keneset Yisrael’ is used as the personification of the Jewish people in the dialogue with God. ...

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