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Aemilius (RE 140) Scaurus (1), Marcus

Aemilius (RE 140) Scaurus (1), Marcus   Reference library

Ernst Badian

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
392 words

... ( RE 140) Scaurus (1), Marcus , of patrician, but recently impoverished and undistinguished family, according to Cicero had to work his way up like a novus homo . He amassed wealth (not always reputably), gained the support of the Caecilii Metelli, and became consul (with a Metellus) 115 bc , defeating P. Rutilius Rufus . As consul he humiliated the praetor P. Decius Subulo , triumphed over Ligurian tribesmen, and was made princeps senatus by the censors (one a Metellus) although probably not the senior patrician alive. He also began building a...

Aemilius Scaurus, Marcus

Aemilius Scaurus, Marcus  

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(RE 141)son of M. Aemilius Scaurus (1) and Caecilia Metella (1), hence stepson of L. Cornelius Sulla. Quaestor under Pompey c.65 bc, he intervened in Judaea and Nabataea, chiefly ...
Mamilius Limetanus, Gaius

Mamilius Limetanus, Gaius  

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(RE 7)as tribune 109 bc set up three tribunals with equestrian jurors (whom Cicero calls ‘Gracchani’) to investigate culpable collaboration with Jugurtha. (M. Aemilius Scaurus (1) presided over one ...
Caecilia Metella

Caecilia Metella  

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(RE ‘Caecilius’ 134),daughter of L. Caecilius Metellus Delmaticus, married M. Aemilius Scaurus (1) and bore him two children. After his death she married Sulla, marked out for a consulship ...
via Aemilia Scauri

via Aemilia Scauri  

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Highway built by M. Aemilius Scaurus (1), censor 109 bc, linking the via Aurelia and via Postumia. It ran from Vada Volaterrana through Pisae, Genua, and Vada Sabatia and thence ...
Varius Severus (?) ‘Hybrida’, Quintus

Varius Severus (?) ‘Hybrida’, Quintus  

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(RE 7)of Sucro (near Valentia), called by Cicero a good orator but an evil man. As tribune 90 bc he unsuccessfully attacked M. Aemilius Scaurus (1) and, when the ...
Aemilius Scaurus, Marcus

Aemilius Scaurus, Marcus  

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Of patrician, but recently impoverished and undistinguished family, acc. to Cicero had to work his way up like a novus homo. He amassed wealth (not always reputably), gained the support of the ...
Cornēlius Sulla, Faustus

Cornēlius Sulla, Faustus  

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Son of Cornelius Sulla Felix and of Caecilia Metella. His praenōmen and that of his twin sister, Fausta, were given to symbolize their father's good fortune. As his father's heir he was repeatedly ...
Livius Drusus, Marcus

Livius Drusus, Marcus  

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(RE 17)probably a descendant of L. Aemilius Paullus (1) and M. Livius Salinator, as tribune (122 bc) combined with the consul C. Fannius in exploiting the people's reluctance to ...
Servilius Caepio, Quintus

Servilius Caepio, Quintus  

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(RE 50)relative of (1), brother-in-law and friend of M. Livius Drusus (2). As quaestor 103 bc (or possibly 100: see Appuleius Saturninus, L.), he opposed Saturninus' grain law and ...
princeps senatus

princeps senatus  

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The senator whose name was entered first on the senate list compiled by the censors. Once selected, he held his position for life (subject to confirmation by each new pair of censors), and longevity ...
Livius Drusus, Marcus

Livius Drusus, Marcus  

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Eldest of a circle of ambitious young nobles around Licinius Crassus, to whom he owed his oratorical training and some of his ideas. A brilliant, hard‐working, and arrogant man, he became tribune 91 ...
Gaius Memmius

Gaius Memmius  

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(RE 5),tribune 111 bc, attacked the nobles for corruption in dealing with Jugurtha. He summoned Jugurtha to Rome, but a colleague prevented his interrogation. He was a vigorous prosecutor ...
Shelamzion Alexandra

Shelamzion Alexandra  

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Religion
(r. 76–67 bce),Hasmonean queen, wife and successor of King Alexander Jannaeus of Judea; the only Jewish queen to hold power during the Second Temple period. Many scholars have assumed ...
Palatine

Palatine  

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The chief of the seven hills of Rome, traditionally the site of the oldest settlement there. Tradition assigns fortifications to the hill, and this seems to be confirmed by archaeology. Early ...
Mucius Scaevola, Quintus

Mucius Scaevola, Quintus  

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(RE 22)(cf. preceding article), son of P. Mucius Scaevola, whom he surpassed both as an orator and a lawyer. In his most famous case, the causa Curiana (Cicero De ...
Appuleius Saturninus, Lucius

Appuleius Saturninus, Lucius  

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Of praetorian family and a good popular orator, as quaestor at Ostia was superseded in his cura annonae by Aemilius Scaurus and turned against the ruling oligarchy. As tribune 103 he sought the ...
cura(tio)

cura(tio)  

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Among many more general meanings these words refer to a specific duty inhering in a regular office; thus Cicero (Legatio pro Christianis 3. 7) defines the aediles as curatores of ...
Saturninus

Saturninus  

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Of praetorian family and a good popular orator, as quaestor at Ostia (probably 105 bc) was superseded in his cura annonae (office of supervising the food supply) by Scaurus and turned against the ...
Rutilius Rufus, Publius

Rutilius Rufus, Publius  

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B. c.160 bc, studied philosophy under Panaetius (becoming a firm Stoic), law under Mucius Scaevola (becoming an expert jurist), and oratory under Sulpicius Galba (without becoming an effective ...

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