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Advaita Vedānta

Subject: Religion

One of the major theological cum philosophical schools of the Vedānta darśana, now closely associated with the teachings of Śaṅkara (Śaṅkarācārya). The earliest identifiable Advaita text, ...

Advaita Vedānta

Advaita Vedānta   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Asian Mythology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002

... Vedānta One of several interpretations of Vedānta Hinduism ( see Vedānta ), Advaita Vedānta ( see Advaita ) was developed probably in the eighth and ninth centuries ce by the philosopher Śaṇkara. For followers of this branch of the religion, Brahman ( see Brahman ) is the Absolute, the undifferentiated reality underlying all apparent reality. Even the differentiation between the individual (or self) and Brahman is ultimately illusory. The proper path for humans is to discover the oneness of the self ( see Ātman ) and Brahman. With this realization...

Advaita Vedanta

Advaita Vedanta   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World Mythology

... Vedanta One of several interpretations of Vedanta Hinduism, Advaita Vedanta was developed probably in the eighth and ninth centuries c.e. by the philosopher Sankara . For followers of this branch of the religion, the closest concept to a supreme deity is Brahman , the absolute undifferentiated principle underlying all apparent reality. Even the differentiation between the individual, or self, and Brahman is ultimately illusory. The proper path for humans is to discover the oneness of the self ( Atman )— what some in other cultures might call the...

Advaita Vedānta

Advaita Vedānta   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
160 words

... Vedānta . One of the three major philosophical/theological systems in Hindu Vedānta , whose leading protagonist was Śaṅkara . Brahman is the Absolute and underlying ground of all appearance: for those with (trained) eyes to see, Brahman can be perceived as the real and the unchanging lying within or behind the manifold appearances which the senses encounter. There cannot, therefore, be any truth in the human propensity to differentiate objects, or parts of objects, as though they have the reality of their superficial appearance. There is only...

Advaita Vedānta

Advaita Vedānta   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Hinduism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Religion
Length:
786 words

... Vedānta (‘ Non-dualistic Vedānta ’, ‘ non-dualism ’) One of the major theological cum philosophical schools of the Vedānta darśana , now closely associated with the teachings of Śaṅkara (Śaṅkarācārya). The earliest identifiable Advaita text, the Gauḍapādīya Kārikā , was said to have been composed by Śaṅkara's paramaguru (his teacher's teacher), Gauḍapāda . The Kārikā propounds the non-dual (advaita) nature of ultimate reality ( brahman (neut.), and the complete identity of brahman and ātman . It regards the world of apparent change and...

Advaita Vedānta

Advaita Vedānta  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
One of the major theological cum philosophical schools of the Vedānta darśana, now closely associated with the teachings of Śaṅkara (Śaṅkarācārya). The earliest identifiable Advaita text, the ...
Neo-Vedānta

Neo-Vedānta  

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Religion
A term used to designate the Advaita Vedānta-derived teachings of Vivekānanda. These provided the material for the Vedānta Society and the Rāmakrishna Mission to promote ‘Hinduism’ (essentially ...
Yogavāsiṣṭha

Yogavāsiṣṭha  

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Religion
(c.9th–12th centuries ce)An Advaita Vedānta text which uses the Epic story to frame a dialogue between Rāma and Vasiṣṭha about Advaita and Yoga.
Advaitin

Advaitin  

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Religion
A follower or proponent of the Advaita Vedānta tradition.
Padmapāda

Padmapāda  

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Religion
(c.8th century ce)One of Śaṅkara's two chief disciples. His commentary (Pañcapādikā) on the first four sūtras of Śaṅkara's Brahmasūtrabhāṣya is at the start of a commentarial tradition which leads to ...
Mukundarāja

Mukundarāja  

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Religion
(12th century ce)The brahmin author of two texts, Paramāṃṛta and Vivekasindhu, which aimed, for the first time, to disseminate Advaita Vedānta teachings in Marathi for the benefit of those who knew ...
Viśiṣṭādvaita-vedānta

Viśiṣṭādvaita-vedānta  

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Religion
The teaching and school, in Hinduism, of qualified non-duality, in contrast to Advaita. The name is derived from viśiṣṭa (‘distinct’, ‘particular to’) and advaita (‘not-dual’). Although introduced by ...
Maṇḍana Miśra

Maṇḍana Miśra  

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Religion
(7th–8th century)An exponent of Advaita Vedānta, and, after Bhartṛhari, one of the most important thinkers in the field of vyākaraṇa (linguistic analysis or grammar). According to the hagiographies, ...
ajātivāda

ajātivāda  

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Religion
Teaching, originating in the earliest śāstra of the Advaita Vedānta system, the Gauḍapādīya Kārikā, that nothing has ever really come into existence (i.e. that change is illusory).
Advaita

Advaita  

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Religion
(Sanskrit, non-duality)The doctrine of the Vedantic school associated with Shankara, that asserts the identity of brahman and atman; the empirical world is one of phenomena bene fundata and, like the ...
Sadānanda

Sadānanda  

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Religion
1 (15th century ce) Author of the Vedāntasāra (‘Essence of Vedānta’), a popular introduction to Advaita Vedānta.2 (Sādananda Svāmi) (1908–1977) The first non-Indian (a German, born Ernst Schulze) to ...
Rāma Tīrtha, Svāmi

Rāma Tīrtha, Svāmi  

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Religion
(1873–1906)A maths teacher who became a saṃnyāsin and a proponent of Advaita Vedānta. Born in the Punjab as Gossain Tīrtha Rāma, he had started his religious career as a devotee of Kṛṣṇa; ...
vyavahāra-satya

vyavahāra-satya  

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Religion
According to Advaita Vedānta, knowledge of the world of appearances obtained through the senses and the intellect. Śaṅkara contrasts it with paramārtha-satya (‘supreme or absolute truth’)—direct ...
ānanda

ānanda  

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Religion
A term used of brahman (neut.), as ultimate reality, from the earliest Upaniṣads onwards. In Advaita Vedānta it is combined with sat (‘being’), and cit (‘awareness, sentience, consciousness’) into ...
Brahman satyam, jagat mithya

Brahman satyam, jagat mithya  

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Religion
(Skt.).A sentence which summarizes for Hindus the entire teaching of Advaita Vedānta: Brahman is the real reality (cf. SAT), the world is deceptive (because its apparent reality is superimposed on ...
Asat

Asat  

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Religion
(Skt., ‘not-being’).Linguistically the opposite of sat (being), but not in the sense of annihilation or nihilism. Asat is the unimaginable, that which is in the absence of objects. It is thus the ...

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