You are looking at 1-20 of 201 entries  for:

  • All: Adrian IV x
clear all

View:

Overview

Adrian IV

Subject: Religion

(born Nicholas Breakspear) (c. 1100–59) Pope (1154–59). The only Englishman to have held this office, he opposed Frederick I's (Barbarossa's) claims to power.

Adrian IV

Adrian IV (c.1100–59)   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
22 words

... IV ( c. 1100–59 ) Pope ( 1154–59 ), b. Nicholas Breakspear. The only English pope, Adrian crowned Emperor Frederick I (Barbarossa) in 1155...

Adrian IV

Adrian IV   Quick reference

A Dictionary of World History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History
Length:
30 words

... IV (born Nicholas Breakspear ) ( c .1100–59 ) Pope ( 1154–59 ). The only Englishman to have held this office, he opposed Frederick I’s (Barbarossa’s) claims to power....

Adrian IV

Adrian IV   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
80 words

... IV ( c .1100–59 ). Name taken by Nicholas Breakspear , still the only Englishman to be pope. Elected in 1154 , he soon found himself at odds with the Emperor Frederick I (Barbarossa). In 1155–6 he granted lordship over Ireland to Henry II . According to a papal bull (known from its opening word as Laudabiliter ), Adrian made the grant so that Henry could reform ‘a rough and ignorant people’—and scholars still debate whether the bull was a...

Adrian IV

Adrian IV (c.1100–59)   Reference library

John Gillingham

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
116 words

... IV ( c. 1100–59 ) . Name taken by Nicholas Breakspear , still the only Englishman to be elected pope. After studying at Paris, he became abbot of St Rufus in Avignon and then a cardinal in 1149 . As papal legate to Scandinavia in 1152–3 , he reorganized the churches there. Elected pope in 1154 , he soon found himself at odds with the Emperor Frederick I (Barbarossa). In 1155–6 he granted lordship over Ireland to Henry II . According to a papal bull (known from its opening word as Laudabiliter ), Adrian made the grant so that Henry could reform...

Adrian IV

Adrian IV (c.1100–59)   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
108 words

... IV ( c. 1100–59 ). The first and so far only Englishman to be pope . He was born Nicholas Breakspear , and after education partly in France, he became a monk near Avignon. In 1137 , he was elected abbot . In 1150–3 he was papal legate in Scandinavia, where his skill in reordering the church led him to be called ‘The Apostle of the North’. He was elected pope in 1154 . In the conflicts of the time, he sought an alliance with the German king, Frederick I Barbarossa , crowning him in front of his army as Holy Roman Emperor in 1155 , in a ceremony...

Adrian IV, Pope

Adrian IV, Pope (c.1110/1120–1159)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
172 words

... IV, Pope ( c. 1110/1120–1159 ) Nicholas Breakspear owed his career to Eugenius III who appointed him cardinal-bishop of Albano, before 1150 , and charged him with a mission to Sweden ( 1152 ). Elected Pope on 4 Dec 1154 , he took the name of Adrian IV . He was faced with a complex political situation. In 1155 , he crowned the Emperor Frederick Barbarossa , who helped him to get rid of Arnold of Brescia . Without German help, he took the head of an anti-Norman coalition. Despite military failure, the treaty of Benevento ( 18 June 1156 ),...

Adrian IV

Adrian IV   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
42 words
Adrian IV

Adrian IV   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
18 words
Adrian IV

Adrian IV   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
46 words
Adrian IV

Adrian IV   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
41 words
Adrian IV

Adrian IV  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(born Nicholas Breakspear) (c. 1100–59) Pope (1154–59). The only Englishman to have held this office, he opposed Frederick I's (Barbarossa's) claims to power.
A Midsummer Night’s Dream

A Midsummer Night’s Dream   Reference library

Michael Dobson and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,220 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...of Peter Hall ’s Elizabethan production of 1959 (also filmed), and, most famously, Peter Brook ’s ‘white box’ production for the RSC in 1970 , the play’s magic translated into the terms of the circus. Brook’s influence has haunted subsequent directors of the play, notably Adrian Noble . The play’s depiction of amateur drama, coupled with its equal balance of roles and indestructibly comic plotting, has made it a perennial favourite of amateur companies. Michael Dobson On the screen: The play clearly offers attractive possibilities for visual...

Henry V

Henry V   Reference library

Michael Dobson and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
3,163 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...’s important Stratford production of 1975 ), some reacting strongly against it (such as Michael Pennington , playing Henry as a cold cynic in Michael Bogdanov ’s production of 1985–6 ), and some attempting to do both, notably Kenneth Branagh , who first played the role in Adrian Noble ’s ambivalently post-Falklands War production for the RSC in 1984 . Michael Dobson On the screen: The two outstanding Henry V films were made by Laurence Olivier ( 1944 ) and Kenneth Branagh ( 1989 ) who, like Olivier before, was director and played the title role....

Measure for Measure

Measure for Measure   Reference library

Sonia Massai and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,564 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...of the Duke: their 1970 and 1990 productions emphasized the oppressive nature of the Duke’s regime and Isabella’s plight in Act 5. More sympathetic Dukes, however, have included Michael Pennington ’s in Barry Kyle’s production ( 1978 ) and Daniel Massey ’s in Adrian Noble ’s ( 1984 ), opposite Juliet Stevenson’s powerful Isabella. Sonia Massai On the screen: The earliest film recorded was a 1913 Italian version. A 90-minute adaptation, again from Italy ( 1942 ), was followed by a more substantial German television film ( 1963 ). The BBC TV...

Richard Duke of York

Richard Duke of York   Reference library

Randall Martin, Will Sharpe, and Anthony Davies

The Oxford Companion to Shakespeare (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
Literature, Shakespeare studies and criticism, Performing arts, Theatre
Length:
2,705 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...Pennington reverted to Barton’s condensed format—minus his invented lines—for their eclectic ‘post-Falklands’ production, The Wars of the Roses , for the English Shakespeare Company , which toured internationally between 1987 and 1989 (and is preserved on videotape). Adrian Noble followed their abridgement in The Plantagenets in 1988 , but with more traditional spectacle in the second play, ‘House of York’. Katie Mitchell’s stand-alone production at the RSC’s Other Place in 1994 , ‘Henry VI: The Battle for the Throne’, underlined the play’s...

Adrian of Canterbury

Adrian of Canterbury  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(d. 709–10),abbot. An African by birth, Adrian became a monk and eventually abbot of Nerida, near Naples. On the death of Deusdedit, archbishop of Canterbury, in 664 and of his replacement Wighard in ...
Basil of Ohrid

Basil of Ohrid  

Metropolitan of Thessalonike, rhetorician; died ca.1169. In 1154 Basil had a debate with Anselm of Havelberg, yielding on many points. Pope Adrian IV (1154–59) sent Basil a letter asking for ...
Laudabiliter

Laudabiliter  

c. 1155–60.The authenticity of this papal bull, granted by Adrian IV and recognizing Henry II as lord of Ireland, has been much debated. The balance of scholarly opinion finds in its favour, but ...
François Eustache de Caurroy

François Eustache de Caurroy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
(b Gerberoy, 1549; d Paris, 1609).Fr. composer and canon of Saint Chapelle, Paris, becoming court composer to Fr. Kings. His Mass for the Dead was perf. at Fr. royal funerals until 18th cent. Wrote ...
Nidaros

Nidaros  

The main spiritual centre of Norway in the Middle Ages, Nidaros (now Trondheim) was founded, according to the tradition related in the Royal sagas (early 13th c.), by King Óláfr ...

View: