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Adam Pastor

(d. 1560), German Anabaptist leader, probably born in Münster; his real name was Rudolf Martens. He was principally active in Cleves (German Kleve). In 1547 he began to work with ...

Pastor, Adam

Pastor, Adam (d. 1560)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Renaissance

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

..., Adam ( d. 1560 ), German Anabaptist leader, probably born in Münster; his real name was Rudolf Martens . He was principally active in Cleves (German Kleve). In 1547 he began to work with Menno Simons , but they quarrelled because of differing views on the Trinity. He later became an itinerant preacher on the lower Rhine, and died in...

Adam Pastor

Adam Pastor  

(d. 1560),German Anabaptist leader, probably born in Münster; his real name was Rudolf Martens. He was principally active in Cleves (German Kleve). In 1547 he began to work with ...
resistance

resistance  

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Overview Page
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Literature
Refusal to accept or comply with something.The Resistance is the name given to the underground movement formed in France during the Second World War to fight the German occupying forces and the Vichy ...
pastourelle

pastourelle  

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Overview Page
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Literature
A short narrative poem in which a knight relates his encounter with a humble shepherdess whom he attempts (with or without success) to seduce in the course of their amusing dialogue. Such poems were ...
Ebenezer Church

Ebenezer Church   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
599 words

...King Jr. However, this historic black church, located on Auburn Avenue in Atlanta, Georgia, has a legacy that predates the famed civil rights leader. Ebenezer was founded in 1886 by eight men, among them the church's first pastor, the Reverend John A. Parker , who led a small congregation on Airline Street. In 1894 the Reverend Adam Daniel Williams , Martin Luther King Jr.'s maternal grandfather, took over the pulpit. Under Williams's leadership the church grew from thirteen members to approximately 750 members by 1913. In 1914 the church broke ground...

Butts, Calvin

Butts, Calvin (b. 19 July 1949)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
299 words

...Calvin ( b. 19 July 1949 ), pastor of the historic Abyssinian Baptist Church in Harlem, New York, and president of the State University of New York College at Old Westbury. From the pastoral post long held by Congressman Adam Clayton Powell Jr. ( 1908–1972 ), Calvin Otis Butts III developed a model of financial revitalization mirrored by other late-twentieth-century black churches struggling to sustain their communities and retain political influence in the post–civil rights era. Born in New York City and educated at Morehouse College, Union Theological...

Prince, Thomas

Prince, Thomas (1687–1758)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Literature (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Literature
Length:
202 words

...Thomas ( 1687–1758 ), member of a prominent Massachusetts family, graduated from Harvard ( 1709 ), preached in England, and became pastor of the Old South Church in Boston. He was an orthodox Congregationalist, as appears in his many published sermons, writings on the Indian conversions of Experience Mayhew, and pamphlets on remarkable providences. His Chronological History of New England in the Form of Annals ( 1736 ) was carefully based on such sources as the manuscript History of Plimmoth Plantation by Bradford, and on the plan of recording events...

Abyssinian Baptist Church

Abyssinian Baptist Church   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
639 words
Illustration(s):
1

...of origin. The church was located at 44 Anthony Street, and the Reverend Vanvelser was its first pastor. Abyssinian numbered three hundred members in 1827 when slavery ended in New York. The Reverends William Spellman , Robert D. Wynn , and Charles Satchell Morris served as pastors during the church's early history. By 1902 the church was a renowned place of worship with more than sixteen hundred members. The appointment of the Reverend Adam Clayton Powell Sr. in 1908 ushered in a new era of the church's history. His pastorate was devoted to...

Marbach, Johannes

Marbach, Johannes (1521–1581)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
1,016 words

...of worship practices) to the rudimentary church order of 1534 . At the same time, he convened the city's pastors every other week to discuss the business of the church and, with the support of the civil authorities, began to carry out visitations chiefly in the rural parishes. He also used the theology faculty, of which he was the longtime dean, to train new pastors, so that by the early 1560s even Strasbourg's most distant parishes had their own pastors, who were educated in the city, examined by the Compagnie des Pasteurs, and closely supervised through the...

Walker, Wyatt Tee

Walker, Wyatt Tee (b. 16 August 1929)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
579 words

..., Walker resigned his SCLC position to become Adam Clayton Powell Jr.'s pulpit minister and assistant at New York City's noted Abyssinian Baptist Church. While in New York, Walker also served as vice president of the Negro Heritage Library, a publisher of titles on black American history and culture. In 1966 Governor Nelson Rockefeller of New York appointed him assistant on urban affairs. By 1967 Walker left Abyssinian to become senior pastor of Canaan Baptist Church of Christ in Harlem. While pastor at Canaan, Walker oversaw the development of the...

Lowery, Joseph

Lowery, Joseph (b. 6 October 1924)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
601 words

..., respectively, Lowery was the chief organizer of the major Birmingham and Selma civil rights campaigns. In 1965 he became the pastor of Selma's St. Paul's Methodist Church, assuming a critical leadership post in the Alabama Christian Movement for Human Rights, an important civil rights group founded by the minister Fred Shuttlesworth as an important ally of SCLC. In 1968 he moved to Atlanta, Georgia, and became the pastor of Central United Methodist Church, emerging as the leader of a moderate wing within the SCLC. In a competitive struggle for...

Sylvanus, Johannes

Sylvanus, Johannes (1572)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
342 words

...of Worms. Two years later in Tübingen, he converted to Lutheranism. Beginning in 1560 he was a Lutheran pastor in the town of Calw (Württemberg), but in 1567 , after a short stay in Kaiserslautern, he became a Calvinist superintendent in Ladenburg (Baden) in the Palatinate, where he assisted with the preparation of the Heidelberg Bible. Here he became involved in the religious controversies that then were virulent in this territory. Together with Adam Neuser he opposed the rigorous church discipline introduced by Kaspar Olevianus according to the model...

Edwards, Jonathan

Edwards, Jonathan (1703–58)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Literature (6 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Literature
Length:
933 words

...Here one sees his intense absorption in the idea of God's infinite will throbbing through the universe. Edwards married Sarah Pierpont ( 1727 ), whom he had described four years earlier in a famous lyrical passage. Upon the death of his grandfather ( 1729 ), he became the sole pastor of the Northampton church. With stern discipline and exalted fervor he fought the growing Arminianism and the weakening of Congregational churches through the Half-Way Covenant , writing a Treatise Concerning Religious Affections ( 1746 ) and A Vindication of the Gospel...

Edwards, Jonathan

Edwards, Jonathan (1703–58)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to American Literature

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2002
Subject:
Literature
Length:
934 words

...one sees his intense absorption in the idea of God’s infinite will throbbing through the universe. Edwards married Sarah Pierpont ( 1727 ), whom he had described four years earlier in a famous lyrical passage. Upon the death of his grandfather ( 1729 ), he became the sole pastor of the Northampton church. With stern discipline and exalted fervor he fought the growing Arminianism and the weakening of Congregational churches through the Half-Way Covenant, writing a Treatise Concerning Religious Affections ( 1746 ) and A Vindication of the Gospel...

Powell, Adam Clayton, Jr

Powell, Adam Clayton, Jr (b. 29 November 1908)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
2,531 words
Illustration(s):
1

...The Community Leader. The Great Depression exacerbated the hardships faced by members of the African American community, and Powell's work during this era marked the beginning of his significance as a leader in the black community. While acting as assistant pastor at his father's church in the 1930s, Adam Clayton Powell Jr. operated a free food pantry, a job referral service, and literacy classes. He also became active in organizing communities to pursue social justice, initiating housing and employment campaigns that drew successfully on mass action, or “the...

Wayland, Francis

Wayland, Francis (1796–1865)   Reference library

The Biographical Dictionary of American Economists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
684 words

... ( 1796–1865 ) Wayland was born in New York City on 11 March 1796 , and died in Providence, Rhode Island on 30 September 1865 . Educated at Union College, he briefly studied medicine and then switched to theology at Andover Theological Seminary. In 1821 he was appointed pastor of the First Baptist Church of Boston, where he made a name for himself as a preacher and theologian. In 1826 he took up a teaching position at Union College, and then in 1827 was called upon to take over as president of Brown University. Brown, the leading Baptist...

King, Martin Luther, Sr.

King, Martin Luther, Sr. (b. 19 December 1897)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
997 words

...for higher education. King, however, with help from Williams, gained admittance to Morehouse and graduated at age thirty with a BA in theology. Williams also instructed King, who was then working as a pastor at East Point and College Park, in how to run a church. In 1931 , upon Williams's death and shortly after completing his education, King took over as pastor of the Ebenezer Baptist Church. He began to use the name Martin Luther King Sr. in 1934 . King did not hesitate to use the church as a place to voice beliefs on discrimination against blacks....

Machaut [Machault], Guillaume de

Machaut [Machault], Guillaume de (c.1300)   Reference library

Anthony Pryer

The Oxford Companion to Music

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Music
Length:
918 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Altogether 141 of Machaut's works remain: they include 23 motets, 19 lais , 33 virelais , 21 rondeaux , 42 ballades , a Mass, and an instrumental hocket. Machaut seems to have been brought up in Reims. His earliest datable composition, the motet Bone pastor Guillerme / Bone pastor qui pastores , was probably written for the election of Guillaume de Trie as Archbishop of Reims in 1324 . In the same year Machaut received his first recorded appointment when he became secretary to King John of Bohemia . He followed the king on military expeditions to...

Böhme, Jakob

Böhme, Jakob (1575–1624)   Reference library

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Religion
Length:
843 words

...rescue, and redemption, a “restitution of all that Adam lost”—universal integration and individual, social, and spiritual rebirth. Böhme died in Görlitz in 1624 . His view of the Lutheran Reformation was determined by spiritualistic patterns—confessional controversies, fruitless disputes, and dogmatic quarrels were all destroying faith: “Faith is not an outward thing.” No externally imputed grace avails. Historical faith is sterile and must be followed by regeneration. Christ, the second Adam, restored the primal creation of humankind according to the...

Hilton, Walter

Hilton, Walter (1396)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
480 words

...ceaselessly; finally, Latin was a means of communication less important to him than the English vernacular. DNB , 1885–1900. M. D. Knowles , The English Mystics , London, 1927. BRUO , 1, 1957, 305-306. C. Riehle , The Middle English Mystics , London, 1981. J. Hugues , Pastors and Visionaries , Woodbridge, 1988. Jean-Philippe...

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