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Acoustic Phonetics

Subject: Linguistics

Sound waves form the physical link between speaker and hearer. Central to the field of acoustic phonetics are the concepts and techniques of acoustic physics; but acoustic phonetic ...

acoustic phonetics

acoustic phonetics   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
18 words

... phonetics The study of the physical properties of the sounds produced in speech. Distinguished from articulatory phonetics...

Acoustic Phonetics

Acoustic Phonetics   Reference library

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
3,337 words
Illustration(s):
6

...and advances in acoustic phonetics are often stimulated by the prospect of practical applications in such areas as telecommunications and human/computer interaction through speech. This article will offer an introduction to some background concepts in acoustic phonetics, a summary of the acoustic properties of major classes of speech sounds, and a review of some of the roles of acoustic phonetics. For more extensive introductions, see Ladefoged 1996 and Fry 1979 . The seminal work in modern acoustic phonetics is Fant 1960 , and wide-ranging, authoritative...

Acoustic Phonetics

Acoustic Phonetics  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
Sound waves form the physical link between speaker and hearer. Central to the field of acoustic phonetics are the concepts and techniques of acoustic physics; but acoustic phonetic research also ...
Phonological Features

Phonological Features  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
Speech is an acoustic signal produced by the anatomical structures collectively referred to as the vocal tract. The anatomical structures actively involved in the production of speech are the glottis ...
speech perception

speech perception  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Linguistics
The process in which listeners hear vocal sounds and recognize and comprehend linguistic units within the acoustic flow. See also auditory perception; cocktail party effect; phonetics; phonology.
speech recognition

speech recognition  

The process of recognizing elements of speech by analysis of the acoustic signal. Many systems may be trained to a particular operator's voice and can build up dictionaries/vocabularies to enable ...
cue

cue  

1 An attribute of an object or event to which an organism responds, typical examples being the size or shape of a visual stimulus (1) to which a response may be conditioned.2 A dimension or aspect of ...
articulatory phonetics

articulatory phonetics   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
15 words

...phonetics The study of the production of speech sounds. Distinguished from acoustic phonetics...

phonetics

phonetics   Quick reference

World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
64 words

... Study of the sounds of speech, divided into three main branches: articulatory phonetics (how the speech organs produce sounds); acoustic phonetics (the physical nature of sounds, mainly using instrumental techniques); and auditory phonetics (how sounds are received by the ear and processed). Linguists have devised notation systems to allow the full range of possible human speech sounds to be represented. See also ...

phonetics

phonetics   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
94 words

... The study of the nature, production, and perception of sounds of speech, in abstraction from the phonology of any specific language. Variously divided into acoustic phonetics, articulatory phonetics, etc. according to the specific aspects investigated. The relation of phonetics to phonology is problematic. In one view the physical and other mechanisms can and should be studied without reference to their conceivable exploitation in speech. This can lead to the conclusion that phonetics is not part of linguistics. In another view, phonetic distinctions...

pitch

pitch   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
64 words

...The property of sounds as perceived by a hearer that corresponds to the physical property of frequency. Thus a vowel which from the viewpoint of articulatory phonetics is produced with more rapid vibration of the vocal cords will, from an acoustic viewpoint , have a higher fundamental frequency and, from an auditory viewpoint, be perceived as having higher...

speech perception

speech perception   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Media and Communication (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2020
Subject:
Media studies
Length:
50 words

...perception The process in which listeners hear vocal sounds and recognize and comprehend linguistic units within the acoustic flow (the stream of vocal sounds in which a listener competent in that spoken language is able to identify words). See also auditory perception ; cocktail party effect ; phonetics ; phonology . ...

Phonetics

Phonetics   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to the English Language (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018

...and displays speech, and allows the user to replay, edit, or annotate the waveform. (3) Experimental phonetics usually involves the manipulation of the waveform and makes psycho-acoustic tests to identify which aspects of sounds are essential for understanding, and for the recognition of linguistic categories. Major applications of phonetics have been made in such areas as language teaching , speech therapy, and automatic speech synthesis and recognition. See accent ; consonant ; international phonetic alphabet ; international phonetic association ;...

Phonetics and Phonology

Phonetics and Phonology   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Early history (500 CE to 1500)
Length:
343 words

... and Phonology . The former studies the sounds of a language as produced by the speaker (articulatory phonetics) and as perceived by the hearer (auditory phonetics); the latter deals with the structured relations of the sounds as used to convey meaning, that is, with their significant distinctions and oppositions. Evidence for the phonetics of Greek in antiquity and the Middle Ages is limited and not easy to interpret. Changes in the phonology of the language, however, which began in Hellenistic times and continued into the Byz. period, can sometimes be...

phonetics

phonetics   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Mind (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006
Subject:
Science and technology, Psychology, Philosophy
Length:
536 words

... . Phonetics, the science of speech sounds, is traditionally divided into two branches: acoustic , concerned with the structure of the acoustic signal itself, and articulatory , concerned with the way these sounds are produced. The most important initial impetus was to develop a standard means for the accurate and convenient transcription of the sounds of various languages and dialects. Proper transcription was regarded as an essential tool for field linguists and missionaries dealing with new languages, and for recording dialectal variations of known...

Speaker Recognition

Speaker Recognition   Reference library

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
767 words

...with fingerprinting. See also Acoustic Phonetics ; Voice Quality ; and Speech Recognition . Bibliography Bricker, Peter D. , and Sandra Pruzansky . 1976. Speaker recognition. In Contemporary issues in experimental phonetics , edited by Norman J. Lass , pp. 295–326. New York: Academic Press. Doddington, George R. 1985. Speaker recognition—identifying people by their voices . Proceedings of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers 73.1651–64. Nolan, Francis . 1997. Speaker recognition and forensic phonetics. In The handbook of phonetic...

Phonetics

Phonetics   Reference library

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
6,530 words
Illustration(s):
2

...and intonation , the pitch pattern of larger units. Acoustic phonetics is the description of speech in terms of the physical nature of the sounds that are produced. The most important acoustic parameters of speech are the fundamental frequency (pitch) and the formants , which are the overtones that characterize many voiced sounds. Other acoustic aspects of speech include the non-periodic noise components that characterize both fricatives and the bursts of stop consonants. The major elements of acoustic phonetic descriptions were derived in the 1950s and...

Coarticulation and Timing

Coarticulation and Timing   Reference library

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
736 words

...is often described in a dynamical systems framework (see Saltzman and Munhall 1989 , Lofqvist 1997 ). In addition to references cited above, most work on coarticulation has been published in the major phonetics and speech science journals; the Journal of Phonetics has published several review and debate papers since 1977 . See also Articulatory Phonetics . Bibliography Farnetani, Edda . 1997. Coarticulation and connected speech processes. In Hardcastle and Laver 1997, pp. 371–404. Farnetani, Edda , and Daniel Recasens . 1999. Coarticulation models in...

Speech Perception

Speech Perception   Reference library

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
4,200 words

...by William D. Marslen-Wilson , pp. 169–226. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. Lehiste, Ilse , ed. 1967. Readings in acoustic phonetics . Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press. Liberman, Alvin M. , Franklin S. Cooper , Donald P. Shank-weiler , and Michael Studdert-Kennedy . 1967. Perception of the speech code . Psychological Review 74.431–461. Lieberman, Philip , and Sheila E. Blumstein 1988. Speech physiology, speech perception and acoustic phonetics . Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press. Moore, Brian C. J. 1997. Aspects of auditory processing...

Speech Synthesis

Speech Synthesis   Reference library

International Encyclopedia of Linguistics (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
3,025 words
Illustration(s):
3

...may result in audibly different voice qualities. Further enhancements and improvements to text-to-speech synthesis demand continued multi-disciplinary collaboration among acoustic engineers and phoneticians, linguists, computer scientists, psychologists, and mathematicians. See also Computational Linguistics ; Articulatory Phonetics ; Statistical Linguistics ; and Acoustic Phonetics . Bibliography Allen, Jonathan , et al. 1987. From text to speech: The MITalk system . Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press. Bailly, Georges , and Christian...

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