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Acheulian

Subject: Archaeology

[CP] Lower Palaeolithic tool‐making tradition, found throughout Europe, western Asia, and Africa, which is closely associated with Homo erectus. The tradition was initially ...

Acheulian

Acheulian ([CP])   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Archaeology (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2021
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
120 words

... ( Acheulean ) [CP] Lower Palaeolithic tool‐making tradition, found throughout Europe, western Asia, and Africa, which is closely associated with Homo erectus . The tradition was initially named, after the type‐site assemblage from St Acheul , Amiens, France, as the Epoque de St Acheul by de Mortillet in 1872 , and after 1925 as the Acheulian. The most distinctive stone tools were ovate and pear‐shaped handaxes, but assemblages also include flake tools and waste flakes which show considerable regional variation. In Europe the Acheulian Tradition...

Acheulian Tradition

Acheulian Tradition   Reference library

Derek A. Roe and Gonen Sharon

The Oxford Companion To Archaeology (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Archaeology
Length:
2,182 words

...long period of time. If one examines in detail the Acheulian lithic assemblages of any one area, it is immediately apparent that there are substantial techno-typological differences between them, as well as changes and developments over time in the ways in which the tools were made. But even so, the general stability in the type of tools used and their size and morphology within the Acheulian Tradition remains remarkable. Acheulian Stone Tools. Hand axes, widely regarded as the hallmark of the Acheulian, are relatively large, bifacially knapped tools. Oval,...

Acheulian

Acheulian   Quick reference

New Oxford Rhyming Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Language reference
Length:
707 words

... • antipodean , Crimean, Judaean, Korean • Albion • Gambian , Zambian • lesbian • Arabian , Bessarabian, Fabian, gabion, Sabian, Swabian • amphibian , Libyan, Namibian • Sorbian • Danubian , Nubian • Colombian • Serbian • Nietzschean • Chadian , Trinidadian • Andean , Kandyan • guardian • Acadian , Akkadian, Arcadian, Barbadian, Canadian, circadian, Grenadian, Hadean, Orcadian, Palladian, radian, steradian • Archimedean , comedian, epicedian, median, tragedian • ascidian , Derridean, Dravidian, enchiridion, Euclidean, Floridian,...

Acheulian

Acheulian adjective   Quick reference

Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
108 words
Acheulian

Acheulian   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
44 words
Acheulian

Acheulian  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[CP]Lower Palaeolithic tool‐making tradition, found throughout Europe, western Asia, and Africa, which is closely associated with Homo erectus. The tradition was initially named, after the type‐site ...
Fauresmith

Fauresmith  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[CP]A stoneworking industry found in south and east Africa related to the late Acheulian, characterized by small pointed and neatly made handaxes, and named after a site in the Orange Free State. At ...
ovate

ovate  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Ar]A type of Acheulian bifacially worked handaxe with an oval or elliptical shape. Most are relatively thin in cross‐section, and have either a flat or deliberately twisted profile.
Victoria West technique

Victoria West technique  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[De]A variant of the Levallois technique in which the blow to remove the flake is made on the side of the core. Produces short wide flakes, often transformed into flake cleavers in the African ...
cylindrical hammer technique

cylindrical hammer technique  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[De]Removal of shallow flakes in the manufacture of handaxes and other tools, by using an implement of a softer material (wood or bone) than the tool itself. Characteristic of the Acheulian and later ...
cleaver

cleaver  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Ar]Roughly U‐shaped stone tool with a transverse cutting edge. Acheulian bifacial cleavers resemble truncated handaxes with a straight or oblique edge instead of a point. On flake cleavers the ...
Abbevillian

Abbevillian  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[CP]Now obsolete, this term was originally proposed by Abbé Breuil in ad 1939 to describe the pre‐Acheulian flint industries of western Europe on the basis of material from Abbeville in France. Also ...
Olorgesaillie

Olorgesaillie  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
Is an Acheulian hand-axe site in southern Kenya, about 34 miles (55 km) southwest of Nairobi, which dates to about half a million years ago. The artifactrich location was discovered ...
Swanscombe, Kent, England

Swanscombe, Kent, England  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Si]A gravel pit in the lower Thames Valley which preserved a series of river terraces containing useful environmental evidence, abundant mollusc and faunal remains, and largeassemblages of Lower ...
Sangoan Culture

Sangoan Culture  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[CP]Middle Palaeolithic, post‐Acheulian, stoneworking industry found in equatorial and southeastern Africa, named after the type‐site of Sango Bay on Lake Victoria, Uganda. The industry is ...
biface

biface  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[De]General term referring to a stone core tool that is usually pointed at one end and flaked on both flat faces until thin and sharp‐edged. Mainly found in Palaeolithic tool industries, and the ...
Torralba/ambrona

Torralba/ambrona  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
The Spanish open-air sites of Torralba and Ambrona, in the region of Soria, 93 miles (150 km) northeast of Madrid, are among the most important of lower Paleolithic Europe. Located ...
Hoxnian

Hoxnian  

An interglacial period and a series of temperate-climate deposits named after Hoxne, Suffolk, England, with a characteristic vegetational sequence that occurs in tills of the earliest glacial stages, ...
Pontnewydd Cave, Denbighshire, Wales

Pontnewydd Cave, Denbighshire, Wales  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Si]A cave in the limestone hills flanking the Elwy Valley in North Wales excavated by Stephen Green between 1978 and 1980. Local igneous rock that is rather difficult to work was extensively used by ...
Kalambo Falls

Kalambo Falls  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
This spectacular 722 foot (220 m) single-drop waterfall lies on the frontier between Zambia and Tanzania, near the southeastern corner of Lake Tanganyika. It has been formed by the Kalambo ...

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