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Académie Française

Subject: Literature

A French literary academy with a constant membership of forty, responsible for the standard form of the French language and for compiling and revising a definitive dictionary of the French ...

Académie Française

Académie Française   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
75 words

... Française A prestigious French academy, established by Richelieu in 1634 to set and maintain linguistic and literary standards in France. Its principal task since its creation has been the publication of a French dictionary: the first edition appeared in 1694 , since when there have been seven more; the ninth is currently appearing in parts. Made up of 40 elected members, the Académie Française continues to exert a considerable influence on French cultural...

Académie Française

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World Encyclopedia

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Encyclopedias
Length:
63 words

... Française Official French literary society, now part of the Institut de France . Originating as a private discussion group whose members were persuaded by Cardinal Richelieu to become an official body in 1635 , the society is the guardian of the French language and of literary conventions. Past members have included many of the giants of French literature, such as Racine , Voltaire , and Hugo...

Académie française

Académie française   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
103 words

... française Oldest of the five academies composing the *Institut de France , it was founded in 1635 by Cardinal Richelieu. Membership, limited to 40, has traditionally included writers, scientists, clergymen, generals, and politicians, but excluded visual artists and musicians. The first woman elected was Marguerite Yourcenar ( 1980 ), the first francophone African Léopold Sédar Senghor ( 1983 ). The Académie’s original mission, in keeping with Richelieu’s policies, was to regulate the French language and make it common and understandable to all. The...

Académie Française

Académie Française   Reference library

The New Oxford Companion to Literature in French

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Literature
Length:
675 words

...Academicians still wear the bottle‐green uniform established by Napoleon in 1801 . The early years of the Académie's history are described in Pellisson 's Histoire de l'Académie française ( 1653 ), continued by d'Olivet up to 1700 . At first it was subject to pressure from above; Richelieu, the first ‘protector’, was succeeded by Chancellor Séguier , but from 1676 onwards the king fulfilled this role. Under Louis XIV , the Académie was expected to play its part in exalting the monarchy, and the monarch influenced the choice of new members. La...

Académie Française

Académie Française   Reference library

Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945)
Length:
1,040 words

...Over the Académie Française? Studies on Voltaire and the Eighteenth Century 336 (1996), 153–194. This and the studies by Racevskis approach the problem with due scholarly rigor and are required reading. Mesnard, Paul . Histoire de l'Académie française depuis sa fondation jusqu'en 1830 . Paris, 1857. Racevskis, Karlis . Le règne des philosophes à l'Académie française, vue par les historiens du dix-neuvième siècle. Studies on Voltaire and the Eighteenth Century 56 (1976), 1801–1812. Racevskis, Karlis . Le discours philosophique à l'Académie française: Une...

Académie française

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Orin Hargraves

Dictionary Plus Linguistics

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017
Subject:
Linguistics
Length:
65 words

...Académie française A self-electing council of forty French intellectuals whose job is to act as the official authority for the French language. The Académie is also responsible for publishing the official dictionary of the language. It was founded in 1635 by Cardinal Richelieu . It has traditionally striven to preserve the integrity of French and to minimize influence from other languages, particularly from English. Orin Hargraves...

Académie française

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The Oxford Dictionary of Phrase and Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2006

... française a French literary academy with a constant membership of forty, responsible for the standard form of the French language and for compiling and revising a definitive dictionary of the French language. Its tendency is to defend traditional literary and linguistic rules and to discourage innovation. It was founded by Cardinal Richelieu in 1635...

Académie française

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Oxford Dictionary of English (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
50 words
Académie française

Académie française noun   Reference library

The Canadian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
39 words
Académie française

Académie française   Reference library

Australian Oxford Dictionary (2 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
68 words
Académie française

Académie française   Reference library

The New Zealand Oxford Dictionary

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
65 words
Académie Française

Académie Française  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A French literary academy with a constant membership of forty, responsible for the standard form of the French language and for compiling and revising a definitive dictionary of the French language. ...
22 The History of the Book in France

22 The History of the Book in France   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,032 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...concentrated in the hands of the chancellor, a policy reinforced when Pierre Séguier was appointed to the chancery in 1633 . The Imprimerie royale, installed in 1640 at the Louvre, with Cramoisy as its first head, both conferred prestige and exercised control. Even the *Académie française ( 1635 ) was intended partly as a group of royal censors. Similar strictures on the rise of *newsletters were maintained by granting an exclusive privilege to Théophraste Renaudot’s Gazette de France ( 1631 ). As controls grew, however, so did the inability of the...

Real Academia Española

Real Academia Española  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Founded in 1713 and modelled on the Académie française, it oversees the grammar, orthography, and vocabulary of Castilian Spanish from its Madrid headquarters. The 42 current academicians, elected ...
Les Immortels

Les Immortels  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Name given to the quarante of the Académie Française.
Académie

Académie  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Is a word with several different meanings in French cultural history. In the world of education it has designated since the time of Napoleon the 16 regional divisions (each with ...
Institut de France

Institut de France  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Formed in 1795, and housed in the former Collège des Quatre-Nations on Quai Conti, Paris, since 1805, the Institut de France regroups five academies: Académie française, Académie des Inscriptions et ...
François-Séraphin Régnier-Desmarais

François-Séraphin Régnier-Desmarais  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1632–1713).French poet and grammarian, active in the preparation of the first dictionary of the Académie Française, and author of a Traité de la grammaire française (1705).
Valentin Conrart

Valentin Conrart  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1603–75).Although Conrart published relatively little himself, he is important for his role in the founding of the Académie Française and in helping to shape classical taste. From the weekly ...
Académie De Musique Et De Poésie

Académie De Musique Et De Poésie  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Institution founded in Paris in 1570 by Charles IX to foster the love and study of arts.

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