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Abwehr

(Ger.: Abwehr, defence), the German intelligence and counter-intelligence service, 1920–45. The Abwehr served several political masters, being founded, against the spirit of the ...

Abwehr

Abwehr   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

... (Ger.: Abwehr , defence), the German intelligence and counter-intelligence service, 1920–45 . The Abwehr served several political masters, being founded, against the spirit of the Versailles Treaty, in 1920 . After 1933 it took on foreign espionage/sabotage assignments, and became the equivalent of the FBI, CIA , and OSS combined. The Abwehr was subdivided into five departments ( Abteilungen ), covering overt intelligence collection abroad; espionage; sabotage and subversion; counter-intelligence; and finally, administration, archives, and...

Abwehr

Abwehr   Reference library

Winfried Heinemann

The Oxford Companion to World War II

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

...Hitler in 1938 was mostly engineered by Abwehr personnel, among them Oster, Groscurth, and Canaris himself. Later on, the Abwehr was actively engaged in providing means of communicating unobtrusively with the enemy. Through Abwehr channels, the resistance tried to obtain assurances of lenient treatment for Germany in the event of an attempted coup d'état . However the British, in particular, realizing that the Abwehr was involved in these approaches, tended to mistrust them. Finally, it was through Abwehr channels that the resistance obtained the...

Abwehr

Abwehr   Reference library

Brewer's Dictionary of Modern Phrase & Fable (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011

... . (German, ‘repulse’.) The German military intelligence organization created in 1921 as part of the Ministry of Defence. It was divided into three sections – reconnaissance, cipher and radio monitoring, and counter-espionage – and although relatively efficient in the early stages of the Second World War was continually undermined by the ss . It ceased to exist in 1944 . The German word literally means ‘warding...

Ạbwehr

Ạbwehr   Quick reference

Pocket Oxford German Dictionary: German-English (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
14 words
Ạb·wehr

Ạb·wehr   Quick reference

Pocket Oxford German Dictionary: German-English (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Bilingual Dictionary
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Bilingual dictionaries
Length:
20 words
Abwehr

Abwehr  

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(Ger.: Abwehr, defence),the German intelligence and counter-intelligence service, 1920–45. The Abwehr served several political masters, being founded, against the spirit of the Versailles Treaty, in ...
Rote Kapelle

Rote Kapelle  

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(Red Orchestra), cryptonym used by the German Abwehr and Sicherheitsdienst (see RSHA) for a European-wide Soviet espionage network, Kapelle being Abwehr jargon for secret wireless transmissions and ...
Sergeant Hugo Bleicher

Sergeant Hugo Bleicher  

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(b.1899),German Abwehr counter-intelligence agent who recruited Mathilde Carré, the betrayer of the Franco-Polish interallié intelligence network, as a double agent. Odette Sansom was arrested by ...
Mathilde Carré

Mathilde Carré  

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(1910–70),French nurse recruited into the Franco-Polish interallié intelligence network which she helped betray to the Abwehr. She became a double agent (see Bleicher) but confessed to this to a ...
Englandspiel

Englandspiel  

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(Spiel, game), codename for German Sicherheitsdienst (see RSHA) counter-intelligence operation, called NORDPOL (North Pole) by the Abwehr, which, between March 1942 and November 1943, deluded SOE ...
Hans von Dohnanyi

Hans von Dohnanyi  

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(1902–45),longstanding anti-Nazi, and Dietrich Bonhoeffer's brother-in-law, who was a pre-war judge of the German Supreme Court in Leipzig. He was recruited into the Abwehr as a Sonderführer and ...
Maj-General Hans Oster

Maj-General Hans Oster  

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(1888–1945),anti-Nazi member of the German Abwehr which he joined in May 1933 after being forced to resign from the German Army because of an illicit love affair. Canaris had ...
Paul Thümmel

Paul Thümmel  

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(?–1945),High ranking member of the Abwehr who, from March 1937, supplied Czechoslovakia with reliable information about Germany's intentions and order of battle. He continued to do so—after moving ...
V-man

V-man  

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In the plural, were agents recruited by the Abwehr and the Nazi security service, the Sicherheitsdienst or SD (see RSHA). The recruits, who were primarily used to maintain surveillance of ...
Max organization

Max organization  

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Putative German Abwehr espionage network based in Sofia, Bulgaria, and then Budapest. Its leader was a German Jew, Richard Kauder (KLATT), who worked with two White Russian émigrés, Anton Turkul ...
Kondor mission

Kondor mission  

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German Abwehr espionage operation in Egypt undertaken in May 1942 by two German nationals, Johannes Eppler and his wireless operator Hans Gerd Sandstetter. In an operation codenamed SALAAM the ...
Josef Müller

Josef Müller  

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(1898–1979),anti-Nazi Roman Catholic German lawyer. He was employed in the Vatican from September 1939 where he was used by the anti-Nazi conspirators in the Abwehr to establish contact with ...
double agent

double agent  

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Agent in contact with two opposing intelligence services, only one of which is aware of the double contact or quasi-intelligence services.
Brandenburgers

Brandenburgers  

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A German commando force used to facilitate the German advance or to hinder the opposing side's movement by employment of special weapons, co-operation with undercover agents and ruses de guerre ...
Ossewabrandwag

Ossewabrandwag  

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Organization officially launched in South Africa in 1939 to preserve the culture and traditions of the Afrikaners, which quickly developed into a neo-Nazi, paramilitary force. At its peak it had ...

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