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Abhidharma

Subject: Religion

(Skt.; Pāli, Abhidhamma). Term meaning ‘higher doctrine’ and denoting the scholastic analysis of religious teachings. The earliest Abhidharma material was composed over several centuries ...

abhidharma

abhidharma   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Philosophy (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
10 words

... Books containing the key categories of Buddhist ...

Abhidharma

Abhidharma   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
175 words

... (Skt.; Pāli, Abhidhamma). Term meaning ‘higher doctrine’ and denoting the scholastic analysis of religious teachings. The earliest Abhidharma material was composed over several centuries beginning around 300 bce and formed the substance of the various collections of canonical scholastic treatises ( Abhidharma Piṭaka) of the different early schools. Influential later non-canonical compendia of Abhidharma teachings include the Abhidharma-kośa of Vasubandhu and the Abhidharma-samuccaya of Asaṇga . The contents of the Abhidharma do not form a...

abhidharma

abhidharma (P.)   Reference library

The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2017

...; P. veyyākaraṇa ). According to tradition, the Buddha first taught the abhidharma to his mother Mahāmāyā , who had died shortly after his birth and been reborn as a god in tuṣita heaven. He met her in the heaven of the thirty-three ( trāyastriṃśa ), where he expounded the abhidharma to her and the other divinities there, repeating those teachings to Śāriputra when he descended each day to go on his alms-round. Śāriputra was renowned as a master of the abhidharma. Abhidharma primarily sets forth the training in higher wisdom ( adhiprajñāśikṣā ) and...

Katyāyana-abhidharma

Katyāyana-abhidharma   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
12 words

...abhidharma . Title of an early Abhidharma text attributed to the Arhat Mahākatyāyana...

Abhidharma-samuccaya

Abhidharma-samuccaya   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
55 words

...-samuccaya An Abhidharma text composed in prose by the Yogācārin scholar- monk Asaṇga . Largely Mahāyāna in orientation, the treatise conforms in structure to the pattern of traditional Abhidharma texts. This work, available in a partial Sanskrit manuscript as well as Chinese, Tibetan, and Mongolian translations, traditionally functioned as the main Abhidharma text for Mahāyāna...

Abhidharma-dīpa

Abhidharma-dīpa   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
62 words

...-dīpa ‘Lamp of Abhidharma’, being a Sarvāstivādin Abhidharma text of uncertain authorship, though sometimes thought to have been composed by Vasumitra in response to Vasubandhu 's Abhidharma-kośa . The text, comprising verse and prose commentary, survives in a unique incomplete Sanskrit manuscript. The text is important because it confirms the identity of the author of the Abhidharma-kośa with the Mahāyāna Yogācāra scholar- monk ...

Abhidharma-kośa

Abhidharma-kośa   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
93 words

...-kośa ‘Treasury of Abhidharma’, a key Abhidharma text in verse written by Vasubandhu and summarizing Sarvāstivādin tenets in eight chapters with a total of about 600 verses. The verses are then commented on in the accompanying bhāṣya or ‘exposition’ ( see Abhidharma-kośa-bhāṣya ). The subjects covered include all the main topics of Abhidharma philosophy, and a refutation of the views of the rival school of the Vaibhāṣikas is given at many points in the commentary. As well as the original Sanskrit , translations exist in Tibetan, Chinese,...

Abhidharma Piṭaka

Abhidharma Piṭaka   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
174 words

... Piṭaka (Skt., basket of higher doctrine). The last of the three divisions of the corpus of Buddhist canonical literature known as the Tripiṭaka (Pāli, Tipiṭaka) or ‘three baskets’. The fact that the Abhidharma is not mentioned in the sūtras (where only the first two divisions of Dharma and Vinaya are referred to) proves that at one time the Abhidharma Piṭaka did not form a separate section of the canon . The contents probably had their origin in lists of key terms abstracted from the sūtras known as mātṛkās . Only two complete Abhidharma...

Abhidharma-kośa Śāstra

Abhidharma-kośa Śāstra   Reference library

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Religion
Length:
54 words

...-kośa Śāstra . A systematic Sarvāstivāda Buddhist treatise composed by (or attributed to) Vasubandhu in the period before he embraced Mahāyāna Buddhism. The work comprises two parts: verse ( Abh.k. kārikā ) and prose commentary ( Abh.k. bhāṣya ). As an encyclopaedia of Abhidharma, the work became absolutely central to the tradition of study within Buddhism in subsequent...

Abhidharma-kośa-bhāṣya

Abhidharma-kośa-bhāṣya   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Buddhism

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
Religion
Length:
115 words

...-kośa-bhāṣya Vasubandhu 's auto-commentary to his Abhidharma-kośa in which he criticizes the interpretations of the Vaibhāṣikas and others of the tenets he presented in that work. His critique is made from the Sautrāntika standpoint. This commentary includes an additional chapter in prose refuting the idea of the ‘person’ ( pudgala ) as held by some Buddhists. The nine chapters in the work deal with what is perceived ( dhātu ), the sense-faculties ( indriya ), the world ( loka ), karma , the proclivities ( anuśaya ), the Noble Ones (...

Abhidharma

Abhidharma  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(Skt.; Pāli, Abhidhamma). Term meaning ‘higher doctrine’ and denoting the scholastic analysis of religious teachings. The earliest Abhidharma material was composed over several centuries beginning ...
Abhidharma-kośa

Abhidharma-kośa  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
‘Treasury of Abhidharma’, a key Abhidharma text in verse written by Vasubandhu and summarizing Sarvāstivādin tenets in eight chapters with a total of about 600 verses. The verses are then commented ...
Abhidharma-dīpa

Abhidharma-dīpa  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
‘Lamp of Abhidharma’, being a Sarvāstivādin Abhidharma text of uncertain authorship, though sometimes thought to have been composed by Vasumitra in response to Vasubandhu's Abhidharma-kośa. The text, ...
Katyāyana-abhidharma

Katyāyana-abhidharma  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Title of an early Abhidharma text attributed to the Arhat Mahākatyāyana.
Abhidharma-samuccaya

Abhidharma-samuccaya  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
An Abhidharma text composed in prose by the Yogācārin scholar-monk Asaṇga. Largely Mahāyāna in orientation, the treatise conforms in structure to the pattern of traditional Abhidharma texts. This ...
Abhidharma PiṠaka

Abhidharma PiṠaka  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(Skt., basket of higher doctrine). The last of the three divisions of the corpus of Buddhist canonical literature known as the Tripiṭaka (Pāli, Tipiṭaka) or ‘three baskets’. The fact that the ...
Abhidharma-kośa Śāstra

Abhidharma-kośa Śāstra  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
A systematic Sarvāstivāda Buddhist treatise composed by (or attributed to) Vasubandhu in the period before he embraced Mahāyāna Buddhism. The work comprises two parts: verse (Abh.k. kārikā) and prose ...
Abhidharma-kośa-bhāṣya

Abhidharma-kośa-bhāṣya  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
Vasubandhu's auto-commentary to his Abhidharma-kośa in which he criticizes the interpretations of the Vaibhāṣikas and others of the tenets he presented in that work. His critique is made from the ...
paccaya

paccaya  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
(Pāli, condition; Skt., pratyaya).A condition, or that on which something depends. The Abhidharma arrived at a comprehensive list of 24 kinds of conditions. These are described in the Paṭṭhāna, the ...
Puggalapaññatti

Puggalapaññatti  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
‘The Designation of Persons’, the fourth of the seven books of the Abhidharma Piṭaka of the Pāli Canon. As its name suggests, the work is concerned with the classification of human individuals whom ...

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