You are looking at 1-20 of 1,044 entries  for:

  • All: AGRARIAN LAWS x
clear all

View:

Overview

Agrarian Laws

Subject: Religion

The economy envisaged by the laws of the Torah was purely agricultural. The people of Israel were entering a land of milk and honey, blessed by the seven species (Dt. ...

AGRARIAN LAWS

AGRARIAN LAWS   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2011
Subject:
Religion
Length:
900 words

...underlying assumption of the laws is that Erets Yisra’el belongs to God ( Lv . 25.23) and is therefore holy ground. The agricultural laws are regarded as “commandments dependent on the land [of Israel].” By observing certain restrictions and separating parts of the harvests as an offering or for gifts to priests, Levites, and the poor, the owner of the soil becomes conscious of his status as a mere steward, who acts in behalf of the true owner. The agrarian laws fall into a number of categories. Kil’ayim is the prohibition against mixing two or more kinds of...

agrarian laws and policy

agrarian laws and policy   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of the Classical World

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2007
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
510 words

... laws and policy Allocation of land by the community is attested in the Greek world at the times of new city foundations ( see colonization, greek ), and when land was annexed ( cleruchies ). There is also some evidence for legislation restricting the disposal of allotments by sale or inheritance, in order to maintain the original land‐units, which sustained the households. On the other hand, there developed strong resistance to the notion of redividing the city's territory so as to change the proportions of private landholdings: a promise not to propose...

agrarian laws and policy

agrarian laws and policy   Reference library

Andrew William Lintott

The Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2014
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
641 words

... laws and policy Allocation of land by the community is attested in the Greek world at the times of new city foundations (colonies; see colonization, greek ), and when land was annexed (cleruchies). There is also some evidence for legislation restricting the disposal of allotments by sale or inheritance, in order to maintain the original land-units which sustained the households. On the other hand, there developed strong resistance to the notion of redividing the city’s territory so as to change the proportions of private landholdings: a promise not to...

agrarian laws and policy

agrarian laws and policy   Reference library

Andrew William Lintott

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
692 words

... laws and policy Allocation of land by the community is attested in the Greek world at the times of new city foundations (colonies; see colonization, greek ), and when land was annexed ( cleruchies ). There is also some evidence for legislation restricting the disposal of allotments by sale or inheritance, in order to maintain the original land-units which sustained the households. On the other hand, there developed strong resistance to the notion of redividing the city's territory so as to change the proportions of private landholdings: a promise not...

Agrarian Laws

Agrarian Laws  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Religion
The economy envisaged by the laws of the Torah was purely agricultural. The people of Israel were entering a land of milk and honey, blessed by the seven species (Dt. ...
agrarian laws and policy

agrarian laws and policy  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Allocation of land by the community is attested in the Greek world at the times of new city foundations (see colonization, greek), and when land was annexed (cleruchies). There is also some evidence ...
Land

Land   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,951 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... An Essay on the Picturesque ( 1794–8 ), was very clear that ‘wanton’ labourers should be discouraged (by law) from gathering fuel. The criminalization of customary right became an important subtext of contemporary discussion of the agriculturally and aesthetically improved landscape, at a time when the productive activity of rural commoners was being erased from the picturesque vista and from market-driven considerations of agrarian capitalism [ see *law, 8 ]. On the other hand, both realistic and sentimental versions of agricultural labour were a popular...

Political Economy

Political Economy   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,138 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...home. Although Malthus appreciated all the steps in this argument and was in many respects to remain more faithful to Smith's enterprise than Ricardo, he became a reluctant apostate on the corn laws, lending cautious support to their renewal in 1815 and only accepting their abolition when it seemed that they might become a major source of political unrest. The agrarian bias imparted by his original point of entry into political economy via the population question led him to question the wisdom of relying on other nations to supply the necessities of life. It...

Agricultural History

Agricultural History   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Family and Local History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
4,326 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...yields diminished and a crisis of subsistence occurred long before the Black Death. His ideas have subsequently been refined, but they long provided the framework for debate on medieval agriculture. See H. E. Hallam (ed.), The Agrarian History of England and Wales , ii: 1042–1350 (1988) , Edward Miller (ed.), The Agrarian History of England and Wales , iii: 1350–1500 (1991) , and Christopher Dyer , Making a Living in the Middle Ages: The People of Britain, 850–1520 (2002). The Black Death and later epidemics, which reduced the population...

The Poor

The Poor   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Family and Local History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,014 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...certificates, see K. D. M. Snell , Annals of the Labouring Poor: Social Change and Agrarian England, 1660–1900 (1985) and ‘ Settlement, Poor Law and the Rural Historian: New Approaches and Opportunities ’, Rural History: Economy, Society, Culture , 3 (1992). An Act of 1795 laid down that removal could take place only when a person became chargeable to the parish, not on the suspicion that he or she might do so. The 1662 Act was replaced by the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834 , which created unions of parishes as the responsible authorities, but...

Utopianism

Utopianism   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,929 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...by ‘philanthropy’, and *Deism is the dominant religion. New Britain is one of the last republican utopias (probably influenced by Godwin) in which an agrarian law and the abolition of commerce ensure considerable social equality, with the final aim being ‘to bring mankind as near as we possibly can to that state, in which they would be, if they were sufficiently virtuous to live in a society without laws’. Out of the decline of the American republican utopia, which seemed increasingly less ideal as the realities of inequality in the United States became...

Poverty

Poverty   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,179 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...were distinctly old-fashioned (rules typically forbade ploughing in favour of ‘spade husbandry’), and were criticized on the very modern grounds that they encouraged population. Cottages represented a society of sturdy yeomen existing in some recent but ill-defined era before *agrarian change. The theory of pauperism, for all its scientific status, tended to presuppose a past age in which the poor were less dependent and corrupt. Many who borrowed Malthus's concept of population surplus wavered between his analysis of the vigorous, reproductive body and an...

Democracy

Democracy   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,165 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...There were a number of occasions when economic distress, industrial disorder, and popular radicalism might have led to armed *insurrection or even revolution. The Luddite industrial disorder of 1811–13 , the widespread distress and radical protests of 1816–20 , and the agrarian revolt, industrial protests, and political riots of 1830–1 might all have sparked off an insurrection if the ruling authorities had lost their nerve or had reacted in a different way. Revolutionary conspirators did exist and did plan violent action in 1796–8 and in 1816–17...

Family and Society

Family and Society   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Family and Local History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,021 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

... The Making of the English Middle Class: Business, Society and Family Life in London 1660–1730 ( 1989 ), Margaret R. Hunt , The Middling Sort: Commerce, Gender, and the Family in England, 1680–1780 ( 1996 ), and Keith Snell , Annals of the Labouring Poor: Social Change and Agrarian England 1660–1900 ( 1985 ). Several historians have looked at the family through the eyes of women and children , and some of them have emphasized the repressive aspects of the institution. See, for example, Jane Lewis , Women in England, 1870–1950: Sexual Divisions and...

Revolution

Revolution   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,734 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...and a progressive property tax. His proposals were sufficiently radical (although in line with most modern welfare states) to convey to his opponents a more general sense that the right of property would not be sanctified in the event of a major political change. Moreover, his Agrarian Justice ( 1796 ), written after having escaped execution under Maximilien Robespierre and in the wake of the proto-socialist ‘Conspiracy of Equals’ led by François Babeuf in March 1796 , provided a still more radical and principled case for redistribution to meet the...

Scottish Local and Family History

Scottish Local and Family History   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Family and Local History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,496 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

..., John Butt , R. H. Campbell , and Anthony Slaven , with Scotland's industrial economy finally taking its rightful place as a subject of study. The bias of Scottish historiography towards agrarian issues was remarked upon in 1983 , when G. Whittington and I. D. White in An Historical Geography of Scotland could note ‘too unbalanced an involvement with agrarian and rural settlement features to the exclusion of most other topics … Industry, population and urbanism are topics still too little regarded’—this, in a country which became the second most...

Class

Class   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,846 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...fractured, and with it some of the viability of the appeal to custom as a language of persuasion and an emollient of relations between these social groups. Many developments were already leading in this direction: agrarian capitalists were organizing their production of crops for free movement and profitable sale in the market-place, statute law was enshrining absolute powers of ownership rather than differential use rights to property, and employers were imposing new work disciplines and redefining as theft what artisans regarded as customary perquisites of...

Domesticity

Domesticity   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
4,930 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...things about the period is the way in which the middle classes authorize and legitimate capitalism and the mobility of cash and property. If the aristocratic ethos of land sees money as unstable and corrupting (despite the fact that in practice the aristocracy deployed *agrarian forms of capitalism from the seventeenth century), then part of the ideological work of the middle classes involved making money clean, virtuous, and only relatively—and not excessively—mobile. And it was partially to this end that the ideology of domesticity was promulgated....

Antiquarianism (Popular)

Antiquarianism (Popular)   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,164 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...entered a phase in which the issues of *class [15] hostility and intellectual property rights became for the first time fully explicit. Ritson's emergence in Newcastle in the later 1770s coincided with the *American Revolution , the first speeches and pamphlets of the *agrarian communist Thomas *Spence , and Brand 's Popular Antiquities . The provocation that brought Ritson onto the national stage was probably the contribution to the Gentleman's Magazine of a young scholar from Ireland, Edmund Malone, gifted enough to have won instant acceptance...

Welsh Local and Family History

Welsh Local and Family History   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Family and Local History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
6,123 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...which at times contain material of specific Welsh interest, include the Agricultural History Review , Antiquity , the Archaeological Journal , Folk Life , and the History Workshop Journal . The involvement of Welsh historians in cooperative ventures, for instance The Agrarian History of England and Wales , has proved fruitful. D. Walker's Medieval Wales ( 1990 ), published in the Cambridge Medieval Textbooks series, provided an introduction to the main political developments of medieval Wales. The major publications of the Oxford University...

View: