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ABC-1 Plan

The outcome of secret American–British–Canadian military discussions in Washington which took place from January to March 1941. The plan, which had already been recommended to Roosevelt as ...

ABC-1 Plan

ABC-1 Plan   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World War II

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

...-1 Plan , the outcome of secret American–British–Canadian military discussions in Washington which took place from January to March 1941 . The plan, which had already been recommended to Roosevelt as part of the Rainbow Plans , envisaged that if the USA entered the war a joint strategy would be pursued in which Germany would be the prime target. A war of attrition would be waged against Japan until Germany had been defeated. The primary measures to be taken against Germany were blockade, aerial attack, and subversion. The plan bound no one at the time, but...

ABC-1 Plan

ABC-1 Plan  

Reference type:
Overview Page
The outcome of secret American–British–Canadian military discussions in Washington which took place from January to March 1941. The plan, which had already been recommended to Roosevelt as part of ...
homeotic gene

homeotic gene  

Reference type:
Overview Page
A homeobox gene in which mutations can transform part or whole of a body segment into the corresponding part of another segment. Homeotic genes are involved in the development of the basic body plan ...
New Negro

New Negro  

An anthology edited by Alain Locke, The New Negro was hailed immediately upon its publication in 1925 as a highly significant exemplar of the burgeoning creativity that came first to be known as the ...
Rainbow Plans

Rainbow Plans   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to World War II

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

...( E. Larrabee , Commander in Chief , NY, 1987 , p. 48). See also ABC-1 plans...

War Plans

War Plans   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...1940 , the chief of naval operations submitted a paper to the president. Known as Plan Dog, it recommended secret staff talks with the British and a Germany‐first strategy in case of a two‐ocean war. Early in 1941 , American and British staff officers met secretly in Washington. The ABC1 Conference accepted the Germany‐first approach and agreed to create a permanent structure for Allied decision making. In November 1941 , the Americans revised Rainbow‐5 into a two‐ocean war plan with a Germany‐first strategy and a defensive strategy in the Pacific until the...

Eisner, Michael Dammann

Eisner, Michael Dammann (1942)   Reference library

The Encyclopedia of the History of American Management

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Business and Management
Length:
647 words

...began a nine-year sojourn with the American Broadcasting Corporation ( ABC ). ABC, fascinated with his ‘simplicity, charm, enthusiasm, and lack of corporate polish’, put him in charge of programme development (Flower 1991 : 43). Soon, his popular shows such as Happy Days , a nostalgic romantic comedy set in an idealized 1950s, showed his intuition for what Americans wanted to watch. His flair at promoting the ‘Fonz’ and other loveable, eccentric characters helped the struggling ABC to overtake both NBC and CBS. In 1976 Eisner became President of...

Homan, Paul Thomas

Homan, Paul Thomas (1893–1969)   Reference library

The Biographical Dictionary of American Economists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
593 words

...Economic Theory?, ’ Social Forces (1929), vol. 1, pp. 29–36. ‘ An Appraisal of the Institutionalists, ’ The American Economic Review (1932), vol. 22, no. 1, pp. 177–217. ‘ Economic Planning: The Proposals and the Literature, ’ The Quarterly Journal of Economics (1932), vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 102–22. (with Charles Dearing , Lewis Lorwin and Leverett Lyon ), The ABC of the NRA (1934). ‘ In What Areas Should Anti-trust Policy be Replaced?, ’ The American Economic Review (1940), vol. 30, no. 1, pt. 2, pp. 180–93. (with Albert G. Hart and Arnold...

Recycling

Recycling   Reference library

Encyclopedia of Global Change

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
Science and technology, Environmental Science, Social sciences, Environment
Length:
4,512 words
Illustration(s):
8

...recycle abc OK Recycling plans b HI Recycling plans abcef OR Opportunity to recycle abdef ID — ab PA Source separation ac IL Recycling plans abce RI Source separation a IN Recycling plans abc SC Opportunity to recycle abcde IA Recycling plans abcdf SD Recycling plans abcdef KS — ab TN Recycling plans abd KY Recycling plans sb TX Recycling plans abd LA — abe UT — ab ME Source separation a VT Recycling plans abdef MD Recycling plans bc VA Recycling plans a MA Recycling plans abcef WA Opportunity to recycle ad MI Recycling plans acd WV Source separation abc MN...

Journalism, Broadcast

Journalism, Broadcast   Reference library

Black Women in America (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
5,327 words
Illustration(s):
2

...other people of color in lead roles. ABC, CBS, and Fox soon thereafter also pledged to diversify their shows. A year later, NAACP president Kweisi Mfume complained that there had only been modest gains. “By any reasonable standard, African Americans and all other races of people are underrepresented in almost every aspect of the television and film industry,” Mfume said at a press conference, reported in the Baltimore Sun on 19 August 2001 . He again raised the prospect of a boycott. Out of thirty-five new shows planned for the fall 2001 lineup, two had...

Urban Trends

Urban Trends   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Global Change

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009

...and parking structures. What is needed is a wholesale rethinking of how new cities are laid out—and how existing ones expand—to minimize the need for cars in the first place ( Pearce , 2006 , pp. 39–40). Bibliography ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation). UN Urges Green Planning for Sprawling Cities . June 5, 2005. http://www.abc.net/au/news (accessed June 5, 2008). McDunn, Bob . “Cool Cities Campaign is Spreading in State.” Sylvanian (Sierra Club), July-September, 2006, p. 23. Montgomery, C. “ Futureville. ” Canadian Geographic 126.3...

Košice

Košice   Reference library

The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
912 words

... 1241 and granted community privileges in 1249 by King Bela IV ( reg 1235–70 ); in 1290 Košice became an episcopal see. Súpis pamiatok na Slovensku [An inventory of Slovak monuments] (Bratislava, 1968), ii, pp. 82–3 ABC kulturních památek Československa [ABC of cultural monuments of Czechoslovakia] (Prague, 1985), pp. 231–5 1. Cathedral. The cathedral, dedicated to St Elizabeth of Hungary, is Late Gothic in style, built of rubble faced with stucco. Originally founded at the end of the 14th century, it was built over several campaigns ending in ...

Television

Television   Reference library

Hugh Richard Slotten and James L. Baughman

The Oxford Encyclopedia of the History of American Science, Medicine, and Technology

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...some had enormous impact. ABC’s Roots ( 1977 ), a panoramic history of an African American family, based on a book by Alex Haley, helped to move the network for the first time into first-place in ratings and revenues. More often, TV movies consciously appealed to women viewers, who had gained more control over viewing, particularly in homes having second TVs. The 1970s also brought important shifts in television news. Despite pressure from the Nixon administration, CBS aggressively reported on the Watergate scandals; NBC and ABC belatedly did so as well....

allegory

allegory   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Chaucer

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...is triumphant. In his religious writing, he alludes to two very common old Testament ‘types’: in the ABC (169) he says that Isaac (whom his father Abraham was ordered to sacrifice) was a ‘figure’ of Christ's death; and in the Prologue of The Prioress's Tale the Virgin Mary is addressed as ‘bussh unbrent, brennynge in Moyses sighte’—a reference to the miraculous burning bush of Exodus 3:2 which was taken to be a prophetic figure of the Virgin Birth (cf. ABC 92–4). In a passage in The Second Nun's Tale in which the significance of the name ‘Cecilia’ is...

Freer, Charles Lang

Freer, Charles Lang (1854–1919)   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of American Art and Artists (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2018
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
511 words

...context for the Freer holdings and creating a comprehensive center for the study of Asian art. http://www.anb.org/articles/17/17-00300.html?a=1&n=freer&d=10&ss=0&q=1 (subscription) Biography, bibliography https://www.jstor.org/stable/771128?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents (subscription) Account of Freer’s history as a collector http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=9F0CE4DC123AE03ABC4E51DFBF668382609EDE Obituary including overview of career and art-related activities http://www.detroit1701.org/FreerHouse.htm Biography, Freer house in...

‘portraits’

‘portraits’   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Chaucer

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...used in a figurative sense to describe Chaucer's verbal ‘pictures’ or descriptions of characters, especially in the General Prologue . It is not used by Chaucer himself (it is attested later, in the 16th c.), but he uses portreye (‘draw’ I.96; BD 783; ‘depict’, ‘picture’ ABC 81; Tr V.716) and portreiture (‘painting’; I.1968, 2036; HF 131. See visual arts ). The formal description of persons ( effictio , notatio ) has an extensive background in ancient and medieval rhetoric , where it is one of the techniques of amplification used either for...

Babylonia

Babylonia   Reference library

Amélie Kuhrt

The Oxford Classical Dictionary (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2012
Subject:
Classical studies, History
Length:
862 words

...), chs. 5–9; G. Leick (ed.), The Babylonian World ( 2007 ). Sources A. K. Grayson , ABC (1975); A. Sachs and H. Hunger , 1–3 (1988–96); J.-J. Glassner , Mesopotamian Chronicles (2004). History General: J. Oates , Babylon (1978; 2nd edn. 1986), Archaeology: R. McC. Adams , Heartland of Cities (1981). Assyrian, Neo-Babylonian, Achaemenid: CAH 2 3, chs. 7, 21, 25, 27, 28a; 4 (1988), ch. 3a; 6, ch. 11; H. Sancisi-Weerdenburg (ed.), Achaemenid History 1 (1987), 139–81; H. Sancisi-Weerdenburg and A. Kuhrt (eds.), Achaemenid History 4...

Russell-Einstein Manifesto

Russell-Einstein Manifesto   Reference library

The Oxford International Encyclopedia of Peace

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences
Length:
1,876 words

...announced Einstein’s death Russell “felt shattered.” He thought the whole plan would fall through without Einstein’s endorsement; however, when he arrived at his hotel in Paris, he found Einstein’s letter. The Russell-Einstein Manifesto was thus the last statement from this great man of science and humanity, and as such holds a special poignancy. Planning the Release Russell meanwhile contacted Kenneth Harris, the editor of the Observer , who brought in his colleagues to help Russell plan the launch. They suggested a press conference, which they funded and...

Monk's Tale, The

Monk's Tale, The   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to Chaucer

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2005

...Tale, The (1776 lines in the eight-line stanza ( ababbcbc ) used in the ABC ) follows Melibee in Fragment VII. It begins with a Prologue in couplets in which the Host first gives an entertaining disquisition on the difference between his wife and Prudence , and then turns to the Monk for a story. He expresses his admiration for him in terms which recall the more un-monkly characteristics singled out in the General Prologue , lamenting that he has entered a religious order rather than using his fine physique in engendering (‘religioun hath take up al...

Latin America

Latin America   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the History of Modern Science

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Subject:
Science and technology, History of Science
Length:
3,054 words

...thanks to the Brazilian National Research Council (CNPq), research centers such as the Brazilian Center for Physics Research (CBPF) were founded according to a plan outlined at the ABC meetings in 1945 . Alvaro Alberto described the requirements for the atomic age: research, mineral prospecting, and proper industrial facilities for isotope production and assembly of instruments. The ABC requested that the government invest in research centers, send Brazilians abroad for training, and invite foreign scientists to visit Brazil. Nuclear relations between...

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