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A20

A cytoplasmic zinc finger protein (790 aa) that inhibits NFκB activity and TNF-mediated programmed cell death. The expression of the A20 mRNA is upregulated by TNFα. It is a dual function ...

county championship

county championship  

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In Britain, a form of regional sporting competition based upon fixtures between teams representing counties, politically designated and named areas (such as Somerset, or Yorkshire). County ...
player migration

player migration  

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The flow of professional sportspeople across national borders. There is a long history of player migration—black US boxers to England in the early 19th century, Indian cricketers to England in the ...
knur-and-spell

knur-and-spell  

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A game played in the north of England, with a continuous popularity from the mid 1700s to the 1930s, surviving into the later 20th century in some forms as an element of heritage culture. The sport ...
wushu

wushu  

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A term referring to sporting practices and disciplines based on traditional Chinese martial arts. It was established in its modern form by the state policy of the People's Republic of China, in the ...
Pan-American Games

Pan-American Games  

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A multi-sport event staged every four years, featuring national teams of athletes from the Americas and the Caribbean.
Cumberland and Westmorland wrestling

Cumberland and Westmorland wrestling  

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A traditional form of wrestling in north-west England and southern Scotland, and parts of north-east England, known for its uninhibited and little-regulated form of combat. Wrestlers are male, the ...
stimulus discrimination

stimulus discrimination  

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A phenomenon identified in behaviourist learning theory: the individual learns to distinguish, for response purposes, between similar stimuli.
punting

punting  

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A form of boating in a flat-bottomed rectangular boat, in which a pole is used to propel and direct the vessel on the river. Although it was a work-based competitive activity among watermen of the ...
rounders

rounders  

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A nine-a-side outdoor bat-and-ball game, originating in Britain and called ‘base-ball’ in A Little Pretty Pocket Book (1744). The game is seen as an early form of what was developed into baseball. ...
wheelbarrow race

wheelbarrow race  

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In pre-industrial settings such as fairs and carnivals, the wheelbarrow race took place on an open green or in a field, and blindfolded contestants raced each other in driving the wheelbarrow from a ...
actionalism

actionalism  

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A term generally associated with the name of French sociologist Alain Touraine, and not to be confused with the ‘action frame of reference’ (see action theory) proposed by Talcott Parsons. Beginning ...
technological society

technological society  

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Some writers argue that there is a distinctive type of society, typically emergent from various forms of industrialism, in which technology and a technocracy increasingly determine the nature of ...
Monte Carlo Rally

Monte Carlo Rally  

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A motor-car rally held in the European principality of Monte Carlo in midwinter, when driving conditions are at their worst and potentially most dangerous. It was first held in 1911, and used as a ...
James Jackson Jeffries

James Jackson Jeffries  

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(1875–1953)A US heavyweight boxing champion of the world, who was born in Ohio and moved to Los Angeles in 1891, where he boxed as an amateur for several years, turning professional at 20, and ...
agnate

agnate  

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In Roman law, agnati were a group of males and females who were related through a common ancestor, and thus came under a single family authority. The modern use in social anthropology relates to ...
Thomas H. Marshall

Thomas H. Marshall  

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(1893–1982)An English sociologist and professor of sociology at the London School of Economics. He is best-known for his theory of citizenship, developed from the ideas of his colleague Hobhouse. He ...
Calcutta Cup

Calcutta Cup  

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A trophy competed for annually between the rugby union national sides of England and Scotland. It was first played for in 1879, having been presented to the Rugby Football Union the previous year by ...
cyclo-cross

cyclo-cross  

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A form of winter-based bicycle racing practised on cross-country courses, in which the cycle may have to be carried rather than ridden across particularly rough terrain. The sport's origins have been ...
sportscape

sportscape  

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Historians and geographers of sport recognize the emergence of the sportscape as a distinctly modernizing dimension of sport. While many sports may initially have been played on open and ...
televisualization

televisualization  

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The process whereby sport becomes increasingly prominent in television coverage and associated screen-based multimedia forms. According to Miller, Lawrence, McKay, and Rowe, televisualization is one ...

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