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Overview

A20

A cytoplasmic zinc finger protein (790 aa) that inhibits NFκB activity and TNF-mediated programmed cell death. The expression of the A20 mRNA is upregulated by TNFα. It is a dual function ...

Samoded

Samoded (Arkhangel′sk/Russia)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Samoded , Arkhangel′sk/Russia Founded in 1925 and named after G. I. Samoded , a hero of the Civil War ( 1918–20...

Ipatovo

Ipatovo (Stavropol’ Territory/Russia)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Ipatovo , Stavropol’ Territory/Russia ( Chemrek, Vinodelnoye ) Renamed in 1935 after P. M. Ipatov, a hero of the Civil War ( 1918–20 ), who died...

Decazeville

Decazeville (Occitanie/France)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Decazeville , Occitanie/France Named in 1829 after Élie Decazes ( 1780–1860 ), Duc de Decazes , premier ( 1819–20 ) and a man who did much to promote coal and steel production in the...

Chinhoyi

Chinhoyi (Zimbabwe)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Chinhoyi , Zimbabwe ( Sinoia ) Renamed in 1946 after a chief, Tshinoyi, who lived in the area at the beginning of the 20th century . The current spelling was only adopted in 1980...

Prince Regent

Prince Regent (Western Australia/Australia)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Prince Regent , Western Australia/Australia A river named after the British Prince Regent, subsequently George IV , who acted as regent ( 1811–20 ) for his father, George III , who had become...

Golmud

Golmud (Qinghai/China)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Golmud , Qinghai/China Surrounded by more than 20 salt lakes, the city’s name is derived from a Western Mongolian word for ‘Rivers’. An alternative name is...

Barrie

Barrie (Ontario/Canada)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Barrie , Ontario/Canada A landing stage on a supply route to the Great Lakes, it is named after Rear Admiral Sir Robert Barrie ( 1774–1841 ), Flag Officer of the Great Lakes ( 1819–20 ) and Acting Resident Commissioner, Kingston, Upper Canada ( 1824...

Twinsburg

Twinsburg (Ohio/USA)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Twinsburg , Ohio/USA ( Millsville ) Renamed in 1819 after two identical twin brothers, Aaron and Moses Wilcox, donated six acres for a town square and $20 towards a new school on the condition that the town’s name was...

Vineland

Vineland (New Jersey/USA)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Vineland , New Jersey/USA In 1861 Charles Landis bought 20 000 acres of land here with the intention of growing grapes, hence the name Vineland. It was incorporated as a borough in 1880 and merged with Landis Township in 1952 to become a...

Puerto Seguro

Puerto Seguro (Castile–León/Spain)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Puerto Seguro , Castile–León/Spain ( Barba del Puerco ) ‘Safe Harbour’. It lies on a small river and was an important crossing point. The previous name, ‘Pig’s Beard’, gave way to the present name early in the 20th century...

Daxue Shan

Daxue Shan (Sichuan/China)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Daxue Shan , Sichuan/China A mountain range meaning ‘Great Snowy Mountains’ from dà ‘great’ or ‘large’ and xuĕ ‘snow’ with shān . Many peaks rise above 20 000 feet (6 000 m) and are...

Ali Bayramli

Ali Bayramli (Azerbaijan)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Ali Bayramli , Azerbaijan Named after the Bolshevik revolutionary, Ali Bayramov ( 1889–1920 ), who took his name from a festival of Islam (in Azeri, Bayram ‘celebration’), and was killed during the Russian Civil War ( 1918–20...

Demidov

Demidov (Smolensk/Russia)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Demidov , Smolensk/Russia ( Porech′ye ) On the Kasplya River, it was at first known simply as ‘River Place’. In 1918 it was renamed after Ya. Demidov ( 1889–1918 ), a Communist Party secretary killed here during the Civil War ( 1918–20...

Last Mountain Lake

Last Mountain Lake (Saskatchewan/Canada)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Last Mountain Lake , Saskatchewan/Canada Only some 2 miles (3 km) wide but 60 miles (96 km) long, it is also called Long Lake. It is named after a hill some 20 miles (19 km) to the...

Turar Ryskulov

Turar Ryskulov (Kazakhstan)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Turar Ryskulov , Kazakhstan ( Tura-Ryskulova, Vannovka ) Renamed after a communist Kazakh revolutionary, Turar Ryskulov ( 1898–1938 ), president of the Council of Commissars of the People of Turkestan ( 1919–20 ). However, he was executed during Stalin ’s purges in 1938...

Eldama Ravine

Eldama Ravine (Kenya)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

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Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Eldama Ravine , Kenya The Anglicized form of the Maasai ol-dama o-rropil ‘sweet-smelling spur of hills’. It was an administrative centre in the early 20th century with a fort built on a hill, not in a ravine, and is now a...

Baghlān

Baghlān (Afghanistan)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Baghlān Afghanistan A province and a town with a name derived from Bagolango ‘Image-Temple’ found as an inscription on the ruins of a Zoroastrian temple at Sorkh Kowtal, 20 miles (32 km) southwest of the town. It is thought to have been built by Kaniska (or Kanishka) I, Kushān emperor ( c...

Vlorë

Vlorë (Albania)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Vlorë , Albania ( Aulôn, Avlona, Valona ) Also called Vlora. Founded as a Greek colony called Aulôn ‘Valley’, it is situated in a bay with a name meaning ‘Hollow between the Hills’. When occupied by the Italians in 1915–20 and during the Second World War it was called...

Chapayev

Chapayev (Kazakhstan)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...Chapayev , Kazakhstan ( Lbishchensk, Chapayevo ) The original name came from a local word lbishche ‘rocky headland’. In 1939 it was renamed after Vasily Chapayev ( 1887–1919 ), a Russian hero of the First World War ( 1914–18 ) and the Russian Civil War ( 1918–20 ), who was killed by White Guards here. The final o was deleted in 1971...

British Empire

British Empire   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Place Names (5 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2019

...into colonies, protectorates, and other territories. Spread across the world, they were subject to British sovereignty. At the start of the 20th century the Empire comprised almost a quarter of the globe’s territory and more than a quarter, some 400 million, of the world’s population. In the 20th century, with the granting of various degrees of self-government, the concept of a British Empire faded and that of a Commonwealth was born. See commonwealth, the...

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