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Overview

A20

A cytoplasmic zinc finger protein (790 aa) that inhibits NFκB activity and TNF-mediated programmed cell death. The expression of the A20 mRNA is upregulated by TNFα. It is a dual function ...

alternate modernity

alternate modernity  

The theory in development studies and Postcolonialism that different parts of the world experienced modernity in their own fashion and at their own time. This theory is especially prominent in China ...
paranoid-critical method

paranoid-critical method  

Spanish artist Salvador Dalí's proposed second phase of Surrealism which, in contrast to the first phase, would seek to consciously exploit its explorations of the unconscious. In other words, rather ...
hysterical sublime

hysterical sublime  

Fredric Jameson's suggested term for a reformulated vision of the sublime (in Kant's sense) focused on technology rather than nature. Kant defined nature as sublime because it consistently exceeds ...
society of the spectacle

society of the spectacle  

A zeitgeist or periodizing term proposed by French Marxist critic and activist Guy Debord as the appropriate designation for the latter half of the 20th century in which the process of alienation had ...
Hayden White

Hayden White  

(1928–)Americanhistorian best known for his post-structuralist approach and his emphasis on the importance of tropes in historiography. Educated at Wayne State University and the University of ...
German Expressionism

German Expressionism  

A modernist film movement that developed in Germany in the first part of the 20th century, lasting roughly from 1919 until 1924. The best-known examples of German Expressionist film are: The Cabinet ...
Michael Hardt

Michael Hardt  

(1960–)American*Marxistphilosopher, social theorist, and cultural critic best known for his collaborative work with Italian Marxist philosopher Antonio Negri with whom he has co-authored four ...
J. Hillis Miller

J. Hillis Miller  

(1928–)Americanliterary critic (primarily a Victorianist) who was part of the group of scholars who were known as the Yale School of deconstruction. Born in Virginia, Miller attended Oberlin College ...
Philippe Sollers

Philippe Sollers  

(1936–)Frenchwriter and editor. Born in Bordeaux to a middle-class family of factory owners, he was educated at the Jesuits’ École Sainte-Geneviève, but was expelled. He pretended to have ...
Empire

Empire  

A prophetic and utopian concept which attempts to theorize in philosophical terms the nature of the new paradigm of power and right that emerged alongside globalization in the latter half of the 20th ...
simulacrum

simulacrum  

Although the term has been around since Plato's time, it is really only in the 20th century that it has acquired the significance it has today. The two most important names that have come to be ...
Ernst Bloch

Ernst Bloch  

(1885–1977)GermanMarxist philosopher, social critic and utopianist. Bloch was born in the industrial town of Ludwigshafen. His father was an assimilated Jew of modest means who worked as an official ...
Roman Jakobson

Roman Jakobson  

Best known for his contributions to phonology,Jakobson was born on 11 October 1896 in Moscow, and died in Boston on 18 July 1982. It was in Moscow that he ...
Situationism

Situationism  

A small, influential and highly politicized artistic movement founded in 1957, from the remnants of two previous Avant-garde groups, the Movement for an Imaginist Bauhaus (led by Asger Jorn, who had ...
Jean-Luc Nancy

Jean-Luc Nancy  

(1940–)Frenchpost-structuralist philosopher. A prolific author of books on the German Romantic tradition in philosophy, including its 20th century adherents such as Martin Heidegger.Born in Caudéran, ...
Henri Lefebvre

Henri Lefebvre  

(1901–91)French*Marxistphilosopher and sociologist. Lefebvre published 70 books in his lifetime on an incredibly wide array of topics, and is generally regarded as one of the great theoreticians of ...
practical criticism

practical criticism  

In the general sense, the kind of criticism that analyses specific literary works, either as a deliberate application of a previously elaborated theory or as a supposedly non-theoretical ...
Fredric Jameson

Fredric Jameson  

(1934–)Marxist cultural critic. Born in Cleveland Ohio, Jameson was educated at Haverford College and Yale University. He is renowned for his landmark essay, ‘Postmodernism, or, the Cultural Logic of ...
feminist Theory

feminist Theory  

The extension of feminism (understood as a practical social movement concerned to address the inequality of the sexes) into theoretical discourse. Undoubtedly one of the most important and ...
proscenium arch

proscenium arch   Quick reference

The Oxford Dictionary of Literary Terms (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015

...arch [ prŏ- seen -iŭm ] The structure separating the main acting area from the auditorium in most Western theatres of the 19th and early 20th centuries. It usually forms a rectangular ‘picture frame’, the ‘picture’ being revealed by opening a curtain. Its associated dramatic conventions often involve the illusion of looking into a room through an invisible ‘fourth...

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