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Overview

A20

A cytoplasmic zinc finger protein (790 aa) that inhibits NFκB activity and TNF-mediated programmed cell death. The expression of the A20 mRNA is upregulated by TNFα. It is a dual function ...

aceramic

aceramic  

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Overview Page
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Archaeology
[De]A term applied to a culture, region, or period in which pottery was not made, used, or traded on a regular basis. Instead, containers may have been made from leather, basketry, bark, gourds or ...
Afontova Culture

Afontova Culture  

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Overview Page
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Archaeology
[CP]Upper Palaeolithic communities in south‐central Siberia in the period 20 000 to 10 000 years ago. Distinguished on the basis of their worked stone industries which includes wedge‐shaped ...
betyl

betyl  

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Subject:
Archaeology
[Ar]A sacred stone, often in the form of a block trimmed into a conical shape. See also omphalos.
Ban Chiang

Ban Chiang  

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Archaeology
Is a prehistoric site in northeastern Thailand at least 20 acres (8 hectares) in size, dating between 3600 B.C. and a.d. 500. The site, which gives its name to a ...
emporium

emporium  

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Subject:
Archaeology
(pl. emporia)[De]A centre of commerce characterized by a wide range of goods, often from far afield.
flake scar

flake scar  

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Subject:
Archaeology
[De]A depression left on a core, flake, or tool where another flake was driven off.
footring

footring  

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Subject:
Archaeology
[De]A low pedestal‐like ring formed on the base of a vessel to enable it to stand more securely.
ossuary cave

ossuary cave  

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Subject:
Archaeology
[MC]A natural cave used as a charnel house for the multiple deposition and storage of human bones.
sedentary lifestyle

sedentary lifestyle  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[De]A residential pattern based around a single main settlement rather than involving moving camp at regular intervals.
terret

terret  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[Ar]Metal loop or ring, one of a set serving as rein guides on a horse‐drawn vehicle.
tegula

tegula  

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Subject:
Archaeology
[Ar]A Latin term used to describe a flat rectangular roof tile with flanges running down its longer sides.
ground stone tool

ground stone tool  

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Subject:
Archaeology
[De]A stone tool given a smooth final form by grinding it against another, more abrasive rock.
kerb

kerb  

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Subject:
Archaeology
[Co]A ring of stone slabs or boulders (kerbstones) defining and revetting the edge of a cairn or barrow.
pilae

pilae  

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Subject:
Archaeology
[Co]Pillars of brick (or stone), typically 20–40 cm square and up to 0.8 m high, supporting the floor of a room with a hypocaust below.
long count

long count  

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Subject:
Archaeology
[Ge]A calendrical system for measuring absolute time devised in Mesoamerica during the Formative (Pre‐Classic) period. The day forms the basic unit (kin), thereafter multiplying up into larger units ...
planning frame

planning frame  

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Subject:
Archaeology
[Eq]A square or rectangular chassis, typically 1 m by 1 m internally, that is used on archaeological sites to assist with accurately planning features, objects, or structures. The chassis comprises ...
borrow pit

borrow pit  

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Subject:
Archaeology
[Co]A small scoop or quarry‐pit from which clay, earth, or mud is taken, usually for building purposes.
Albany

Albany  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[CP]A late Stone Age industry of southern and eastern Cape Province, South Africa, dating to the period 10 000 to 6000bc. Also known as the Oakhurst, this industry has few distinctive tool types ...
flash lock

flash lock  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[MC]Contrivance for releasing the rush of water to enable a boat to proceed up or down stream.
mobiliary art

mobiliary art  

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Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
[De]A general term used to cover all portable decorated objects, especially those of Palaeolithic date.

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