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A. Philip Randolph

(1889–1979), union head and civil rights leader. A socialist, Asa Philip Randolph saw economic empowerment as the key to African-American advancement, a philosophy he espoused in ...

Randolph, A. Philip

Randolph, A. Philip (1889–1979)   Reference library

Paul C. Young

The Oxford Encyclopedia of American Business, Labor, and Economic History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013

..., A. Philip ( 1889–1979 ), labor leader and civil rights activist . Asa Philip Randolph's storied career as a union organizer, civil rights leader, self-proclaimed radical, and one of the organizers of the famous 1963 March on Washington is nuanced. As an adult Randolph was an atheist, but he was raised in an African Methodist Episcopal Church household. As a young adult he joined the Socialist Party and wrote anticapitalist articles, but later in his life he uncritically supported American capitalism and American interventionism. And although he...

Randolph, A. Philip

Randolph, A. Philip   Reference library

Paula F. Pfeffer

The Oxford Companion to United States History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
302 words

...American Labor Council in 1959 to fight racism within the union movement. The A. Philip Randolph Institute, which he founded in 1964 , promoted his lifelong goals, especially the struggle against economic inequality that would bring together working people of all races. See also Labor Movements ; Segregation, Racial ; Socialism ; Socialist Party of America . Jervis Anderson , A. Philip Randolph: A Biographical Portrait , 1973. Paula F. Pfeffer , A. Philip Randolph: Pioneer of the Civil Rights Movement , 1996. Paula F....

Randolph, A. Philip

Randolph, A. Philip (1889–1979)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to American Military History

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2004

...order ( 25 June 1941 ), establishing the Fair Employment Practices Committee to try to prevent such racial discrimination. In 1948 , Randolph's advice helped convince President Harry S. Truman to issue an executive order banning racial segregation in the military. [See also African Americans in the Military .] Jarvis Anderson , A. Philip Randolph: A Biographical Portrait , 1973. Paula F. A. Pfeffer , A. Philip Randolph: Pioneer of the Civil Rights Movement , 1990. Clement Alexander...

Randolph, A. Philip

Randolph, A. Philip (b. 15 April 1889)   Reference library

Encyclopedia of African American History 1896 to the Present

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
3,588 words
Illustration(s):
1

...Collier Macmillan, 1989. Patterson, Lillie . A. Philip Randolph: Messenger for the Masses . New York: Facts on File, 1996. Pfeffer, Paula F. A. Philip Randolph: Pioneer of the Civil Rights Movement . Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1990. Taylor, Cynthia . A Philip Randolph: The Religious Journey of an African American Labor Leader . New York: New York University Press, 2006. Wintz, Cary D. , ed. African American Political Thought, 1890–1930: Washington, Du Bois, Garvey, and Randolph . Armonk, N.Y.: M. E. Sharpe, 1996. — Ernest...

A. Philip Randolph

A. Philip Randolph (1889–1979)   Reference library

The Oxford Dictionary of American Quotations (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Quotation
Current Version:
2008
Subject:
Quotations
Length:
126 words

...A. Philip Randolph 1889 – 1979 We must develop huge demonstrations, because the world is used to big, dramatic affairs. They think in terms of hundreds of thousands and millions and billions … Nothing little counts. Randolph was the most influential African-American labor leader of his time—and it was a time in which labor gained great power speech, policy conference, March on Washington Movement, Detroit, Sept. 26, 1942 Freedom is never given; it is won. Randolph was the founder of the railway porters' union. He unionized the Pullman company, and was...

Randolph, A. Philip

Randolph, A. Philip   Quick reference

New Oxford American Dictionary (3 ed.)

Reference type:
English Dictionary
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
English Dictionaries and Thesauri
Length:
72 words
A. Philip Randolph

A. Philip Randolph  

(1889–1979), union head and civil rights leader.A socialist, Asa Philip Randolph saw economic empowerment as the key to African-American advancement, a philosophy he espoused in his Messenger ...
44 The History of the Book in Australia

44 The History of the Book in Australia   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
6,048 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...a colony in New South Wales brought books of all kinds and a printing press. Although nobody was found to work the press until 1796 (the first professional printer, George *Howe , arrived in 1800 ), print culture was integral to the colony from the start. The first book produced specifically for distribution in Australia was a homily directed at transported convicts, Richard Johnson ’s Address to the Inhabitants of the Colonies Established in New South Wales and Norfolk Island (London, 1794 ). An official account of The Voyage of Governor Phillip to...

Randolph Silliman Bourne

Randolph Silliman Bourne  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1886–1918),while a student at Columbia, from which he graduated in 1913, and during the remainder of his short life, established himself as a spokesman of his generation through his critical ...
Gordon Randolph Willey

Gordon Randolph Willey  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Archaeology
(1913–2002) [Bi]American archaeologist renowned for innovative research in Mesoamerica and the development of settlement archaeology. Born in Chariton, Iowa, he took his first degree at the ...
William Randolph Hearst

William Randolph Hearst  

(1863–1951)US newspaper tycoon and politician.The son of a mine-owner and rancher, Hearst was expelled from Harvard University for a prank. In 1887 he took charge of the San Francisco Examiner, owned ...
March on Washington

March on Washington  

In 1941, President Roosevelt signed an equal employment order designed to strike at racial discrimination in federal employment and forestall a march by 100,000 African Americans on the American ...
A Charm of Lullabies

A Charm of Lullabies  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
Songs by Britten for mez. and pf., Op.41, comp. 1947. Poems by Blake, Burns, Green, Randolph, and Philip.
John Neal

John Neal  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1793–1876) American novelistKeep Cool (1817) FictionA Family History (1822) FictionErrata; or, The Works of Will. Adams (1823) FictionRandolph (1823) FictionSeventy-Six (1823) FictionBrother ...
Get-Rich-Quick Wallingford

Get-Rich-Quick Wallingford  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1910),a comedy by George M. Cohan. [Gaiety Theatre, 424 perf.] J. Rufus Wallingford (Hale Hamilton) and his crony Horace “Blackie” Daws (Edward Ellis) are consummate con men. They move ...
A. R. Ammons

A. R. Ammons  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1926–),North Carolina-born poet, after graduation from Wake Forest College and study at the University of California, Berkeley, where he was encouraged by Josephine Miles, wrote poetry while working ...
Web and the Rock

Web and the Rock  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
Novel by Thomas Wolfe, posthumously published in 1939. You Can't Go Home Again is a sequel. Both are clearly autobiographical.George Webber, born in 1900 in Libya Hill, a small city in the state of ...
Herbert David Croly

Herbert David Croly  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1869–1930),son of Jane Croly, was a New York editor and social critic. He edited the Architectural Record (1900–1906), remaining on its staff until 1913, and publishing two books on ...
Fair Employment Practice Committee.

Fair Employment Practice Committee.  

In June 1941, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt reluctantly created the Fair Employment Practice Committee (FEPC) to forestall a mass demonstration planned by the black labor leader A. Philip ...
Joseph Pulitzer

Joseph Pulitzer  

(1847–1911)Hungarian-born American newspaper proprietor. His New York World was notably aggressive in its campaigns, perhaps most notably for organized labour, and for war against Spain in the 1890s. ...

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