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A. C. Gilbert

(1884–1962) An American inventor of note and originator of the Erector constructional toy in 1913, Gilbert originally trained at Yale Medical School before going on to found the ...

Peacham, Henry

Peacham, Henry (1576?–1643)   Reference library

The Biographical Dictionary of British Economists

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Social sciences, Economics
Length:
981 words

...for a penny, including the following: For a penny, you may see any monster, jackanapes, or those roaring boys, the lyons. For a penny, you may have all the newes in England, and other countries; of murders, flouds, witches, fire, tempests, and what no, in the weekly newes-books. For a penny you may have your dog worm’d, and so be kept from running mad. For a penny doubled a drunkard may be guarded to his lodging, if his head be light and the evening dark. A hard-favoured and ill-bred wench, made penny white may (as our times are) prove a gallant lady. For a...

Gilbert, A. C.

Gilbert, A. C. (1884–1962)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Modern Design (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2016
Subject:
Art & Architecture
Length:
135 words

..., A. C. ( 1884–1962 ) An American inventor of note and originator of the Erector constructional toy in 1913 , Gilbert originally trained at Yale Medical School before going on to found the Mysto Manufacturing Company (established 1909 ), which sold magic sets. In 1913 he launched the first Erector construction set, which consisted of perforated miniature girders which could be attached to gears, pulleys, bolts, and screws. It was considered by some to be more realistic than its British predecessor, Meccano , launched by Frank Hornby in ...

A. C. Gilbert

A. C. Gilbert  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1884–1962)An American inventor of note and originator of the Erector constructional toy in 1913, Gilbert originally trained at Yale Medical School before going on to found the Mysto Manufacturing ...
5 The European Medieval Book

5 The European Medieval Book   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
9,862 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
1

...literate laity, both aristocratic and administrative. The number of authors had multiplied further, including Gilbert of Nogent (d. 1124 ), Rupert of Deutz (d. c .1129 ), Gilbert of Auxerre (d. 1134 ), Peter Abelard (d. 1142/3 ), Hugh of St-Victor (d. 1142 ), William of Malmesbury (d. c .1143 ), Bernard of Clairvaux (d. 1153 ), Gilbert de la Porrée (d. 1154 ), William of Conches (d. c .1154 ), Thierry of Chartres (d. c .1155 ), Zachary of Besançon (mid-12 th century), and Peter Lombard (d. 1160 ). There was an almost...

The Antiquarian Tradition

The Antiquarian Tradition   Quick reference

David Hey

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
4,837 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...his head, whether it was relevant to his parish or not. It was not published until 1931 , when the editors pruned the manuscript drastically, leaving out a great deal of material of local interest. Few parish histories were written during the 18th century. Parsons were the scholars most likely to attempt the task, often combining an interest in antiquities with a passion for natural history. The Revd Gilbert White , the most famous English naturalist of the 18th century, is known throughout the world for The Natural History of Selborne ( 1789 ), but little...

Women

Women   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
5,844 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...with the American adventurer Gilbert Imlay ( 1752–1828 ), and her relationship and marriage with Godwin himself were decidedly unconventional. The story of her life provided for those who opposed the rights of woman, in particular anti-Jacobin writers such as William *Gifford and Richard *Polwhele , a perfect illustration of the connection between women's rights and unrestrained female passion, proving that both not only were destructive of family life and social stability but also led to despair, attempted suicides, and a complete breakdown of any...

The Poor

The Poor   Quick reference

David Hey

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,036 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...in 1834 . A few workhouses for the able‐bodied poor were founded, from the late 17th century onwards, by local initiatives. More were established under the Acts of 1722 and 1782 . From 1722 parishes were allowed to farm out their responsibility for the poor to a contractor at a fixed fee. Gilbert's Act 1782 allowed parishes to join forces in the erection of a workhouse, in an arrangement whereby each parish paid the cost of maintaining its own poor but achieved savings by sharing the premises, which could be sited up to 10 miles away from a component...

Sensibility

Sensibility   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
7,039 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...After her relationship with Gilbert Imlay , according to the British Critic , Wollstonecraft's ‘senses were so completely awakened that she could not exist without their gratification’. More 's Strictures on the Modern System of Education ( 1799 ), written to refute Wollstonecraft 's Rights of Woman , represented the century's final orthodoxy on sensibility, even as the subversive potentials in sensibility entered *Romanticism . More declared that men had not only ‘a superior strength of body’ but ‘a firmer texture of mind…a higher reach and wider range...

Peggy Gilbert

Peggy Gilbert  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
B. Margaret Fern Knechtges, 17 January 1905, Sioux City, Iowa, USA, d. 12 February 2007, Los Angeles, California, USA. Gilbert’s mother was a singer, her father a violinist. She studied ...
Jim Gilbert

Jim Gilbert  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
B. 2 August 1950, Baltimore, Maryland, USA. The son of a preacher (the Rev. Jack Gilbert), gospel singer Jim Gilbert regularly tours nationally and internationally to promote what he calls ...
Gabriel Gilbert

Gabriel Gilbert  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(c. 1620–c. 1680).French poet and dramatist. His large output includes eclogues, pastorals, tragedies, and a sparkling comedy of intrigue (Les Intrigues amoureuses, 1663). His first play, Marguerite ...
Bruce Gilbert

Bruce Gilbert  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Music
B. 18 May 1946, Watford, Hertfordshire, England. Gilbert forged a reputation as a purveyor of challenging music as guitarist/vocalist and composer with Wire. When this acclaimed art-punk quartet ...
Lady Gilbert

Lady Gilbert  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1841–1921) married (1891) John Thomas Gilbert (1829–1898), Kt. (1897).The daughter of a Belfast doctor, she was educated at home and studied art in South Kensington. Her husband was an ...
Milton Gilbert

Milton Gilbert  

Reference type:
Overview Page
(1909–79)Gilbert was born in Philadelphia in 1909, and died in Washington, D.C. in 1979. He completed his graduate study in economics at the University of Pennsylvania, writing his dissertation ...
Claude Gilbert

Claude Gilbert  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1652–1720).A Dijon lawyer whose Utopia, Histoire de Calejava (1700), printed but unpublished, is set in northern Lithuania. It is largely a description of a rational, deistic natural religion, much ...
gilbert

gilbert  

Symbol Gb. The c.g.s. unit of magnetomotive force equal to 10/4π (= 0.795 77) ampere-turn. It is named after the English physician and physicist William Gilbert (1544–1603), who studied magnetism.
Humphrey Gilbert

Humphrey Gilbert  

(c. 1539–83)English explorer. After a distinguished career as a soldier, Gilbert led an unsuccessful attempt to colonize the New World (1578–79). On a second voyage in 1583 he claimed Newfoundland ...
Gilbert Imlay

Gilbert Imlay  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1754–1828) American author and soldierThe Emigrants; or, The History of an Expatriated Family (1793) FictionA Mogul Tale; or, The Descent of the Balloon (1784) DramaThe Emigrants; or, The History of ...
Gilbert Markham

Gilbert Markham  

In A. Brontë's The Tenant of Wildfell Hall, the narrator.
George David Gilbert

George David Gilbert  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
pseud.:(c.1882–1919).The daughter of a doctor of Irish family, she spent her life at Keymer, Sussex, and died young rather suddenly. She published historical romances like In the Shadow ...

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