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A Journal of the Plague Year

Subject: Literature

A historical fiction by Defoe, published 1722. It purports to be the narrative of a resident in London during 1664–5, the year of the Great Plague. It tells of the gradual spread ...

Plague Year, A Journal of the

Plague Year, A Journal of the   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
160 words

... Year, A Journal of the A historical fiction by Daniel Defoe , published 1722 . It purports to be the narrative of a resident in London during 1664–5 , the year of the Great Plague; the initials ‘H.F.’ which conclude it have been taken to refer to Defoe's uncle Henry Foe. It tells of the gradual spread of the plague, the terror of the inhabitants, and the steps taken by the authorities, such as the shutting up of infected houses and the prohibition of public gatherings. The symptoms of the disease, the circulation of the dead‐carts, and the burials in...

Plague Year, A Journal of the

Plague Year, A Journal of the   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
144 words

... Year, A Journal of the A historical fiction by Daniel Defoe , published 1722 . It purports to be the narrative of a resident in London during 1664–5 , the year of the Great Plague. It tells of the gradual spread of the plague, the terror of the inhabitants, and the steps taken by the authorities, such as the shutting up of infected houses and the prohibition of public gatherings. The symptoms of the disease, the circulation of the dead‐carts, and the burials in mass graves are described with extraordinary vividness. The Journal condensed information...

A Journal of the Plague Year

A Journal of the Plague Year  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
A historical fiction by Defoe, published 1722.It purports to be the narrative of a resident in London during 1664–5, the year of the Great Plague. It tells of the gradual spread of the plague and the ...
Population Levels and Trends

Population Levels and Trends   Quick reference

David Hey

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
4,124 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...the Seventeenth Century to the 1930s (1977) , which used over 100 parish registers to identify the major periods of mortality. Three exceptional periods of crisis were recognized. That of 1623 was the result of the disastrous harvests of 1621–2; the crisis of 1645–8 was caused by plague ; and the third great crisis, which lasted for much of the 1690s, was again caused by seriously deficient harvests. Scotland experienced no similar crises during the 18th century, as the economy became more integrated, harvests did not fail for more than one year at a...

24 The History of the Book in Germany

24 The History of the Book in Germany   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to the Book

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
History, Social sciences
Length:
10,033 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press
Illustration(s):
2

...had a devastating effect on Germany: one third of the population is believed to have perished. The economic downturn affected the quality of books, inferior paper and narrow types being used to reduce costs. (The *Endters of Nuremberg were one of the few firms still producing fine books.) During the 1630s , the number of titles listed in the fair catalogues was little more than a third of what it had been in 1619 , and even after the cessation of hostilities, slow economic recovery—exacerbated by plague, food shortages, and a prolonged cold spell (the...

Novels

Novels   Reference library

An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, modern history (1700 to 1945), Literature
Length:
6,137 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...also conducts a recognizable debate with the mechanics of authenticity, personal reflection, social delineation, and the narrative of a young man's (or Creature's) education. Mary Shelley's later novels, only recently coming into critical focus, continue these developments of the philosophical and psychological novel. The Last Man ( 1826 ) envisages the world of the late twenty-first century consumed by plague, and offers a pessimistic but impassioned portrayal of the ideals of poet-philosophers such as Percy *Shelley . Mary Shelley also develops, in her...

Towns

Towns   Quick reference

David M. Palliser

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
5,140 words
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

...to escape the burdens of villeinage and labour services : some town charters from the 12th century expressly allowed that those who managed to enter the town and live there for a year and a day could remain without fear of pursuit from former lords. Others were tempted by the generous terms offered by lords, especially of new towns. The Bishop of Worcester, founding a borough of Stratford upon Avon in the 1190s, allowed his new ‘burgesses’ quarter‐acre housing plots for a shilling a year rent in lieu of all services, and freedom from tolls. A classic study...

infection

infection  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Anxiety about Aids has generated a spate of rumours, gruesome jokes, and a contemporary legend based on the notion that those infected deliberately infect others, in revenge or despair. The story has ...
Thomas Dekker

Thomas Dekker  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(?1572–1632),was born and mainly lived in London. He suffered from poverty and was several times imprisoned for debt. He was engaged by Henslowe about 1595 to write plays (over 40 of which are now ...
Daniel Defoe

Daniel Defoe  

Reference type:
Overview Page
Subject:
Literature
(1660–1731),born in London, the son of James Foe, a butcher. He changed his name to Defoe from c.1695. He attended Morton's academy for Dissenters at Newington Green with a view to the ministry, but ...
Plague

Plague   Quick reference

A Dictionary of English Folklore

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003

... . The Great Plague ravaged London, and other places, in 1665 /6, and as with all major events generated its own set of beliefs and customs at the time, and also reverberating ever since. We are fortunate to have in Daniel Defoe's A Journal of the Plague Year ( 1722) , a ‘fictionalized’ account of life in London in 1665 , numerous examples of the folklore of the time. Indeed, Defoe proves to be an excellent observer of the folkloric, including, amongst other things, portents, preventative charms, herbal remedies, and omens. In the early stages of the...

Defoe, Daniel

Defoe, Daniel   Quick reference

A Dictionary of British History (3 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
146 words

...of the Plague Year ( 1722 ), Moll Flanders ( 1722 ), and Roxana ( 1724 ). In the 1720s Defoe undertook a series of journeys, interested particularly in commercial matters, and published in his impressive A tour through the whole island of Great Britain...

Defoe, Daniel

Defoe, Daniel (c.1660–1731)   Reference library

J. A. Downie

The Oxford Companion to British History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2015
Subject:
History, Regional and National History
Length:
198 words

...Crusoe ( 1719 ), the first of the series of fictional autobiographies, including A Journal of the Plague Year ( 1722 ), Moll Flanders ( 1722 ), and Roxana ( 1724 ), for which he has been confusingly labelled the first English novelist. Crucially significant as sources for early-18th-cent. British society, works like A Tour thro’ the Whole Island of Great Britain ( 1724–6 ) have been intensively quarried by historians. Still hounded by creditors, Defoe, fittingly, died near his birthplace close by the real-life Grub Street . J. A....

Dekker, Thomas

Dekker, Thomas (?1572–1632)   Reference library

The Oxford Companion to English Literature (7 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
Literature
Length:
437 words

...in The Roaring Girl (written c. 1605 ; pub. 1611 ), and with Massinger in The Virgin Martyr (written 1620 ; pub. 1622 ). His tragicomedy Match Me in London , written 1604 /5, was published in 1631 . Dekker also wrote pageants, tracts, and pamphlets. His pamphlet The Wonderful Year ( 1603 ) is a poignant description of London during the plague of that year; it was used by Defoe for his Journal of the Plague Year . News from Hell ( 1606 ) is an imitation of Thomas Nashe ; The Gull's Horn‐Book ( 1609 ) is a satirical book of manners with...

COMET = death or disaster

COMET = death or disaster   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Superstitions

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2003
Subject:
Society and culture, Customs and Traditions
Length:
489 words

...taken in the West, and a Blazing Star over all Europe before the death of King Charles II. 1713 HALLEY ‘Ode’ prefixing Newton's Principia . Now we know The sharply-veering ways of Comets, once A source of dread, nor longer need we quail Beneath appearances of bearded stars. 1722 DEFOE Journal of Plague Year ( 1909 , 30) A blazing star or comet appeared for several months before the plague … so very near the houses that it was plain [it] imported something peculiar to the city alone. 1761 JOHNSON Idler no. 11 62. Those that laugh at the portentous...

Dekker, Thomas

Dekker, Thomas (?1572–1632)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
323 words

...) is a poignant description of London during the plague of that year; it was used by Defoe for his Journal of the Plague Year . News from Hell ( 1606 ) is an imitation of Thomas Nashe ; The Gull's Horn‐Book ( 1609 ) is a satirical book of manners with interesting information about theatres. Dekker's work is remarkable for its vivid if romantic portrayal of London life, both domestic and commercial, for its sympathy with the oppressed, including animals tortured for man's amusement, and for its prevailing...

Defoe, Daniel

Defoe, Daniel (1660–1731)   Quick reference

A Dictionary of Writers and their Works (3 ed.)

...if the Pretender Should Come? ( 1713 ) Non-Fiction A General History of Trade ( 1713 ) Non-Fiction The Family Instructor ( 1715 ) Non-Fiction The Life, Adventures and Pyracies of the Famous Captain Singleton ( 1720 ) Fiction Memoirs of a Cavalier ( 1720 ) Fiction Serious Reflections During the Life and Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe ( 1720 ) Fiction The Fortunes and Misfortunes of the Famous Moll Flanders ( 1722 ) Fiction A Journal of the Plague Year ( 1722 ) Fiction Religious Courtship ( 1722 ) Fiction The...

Defoe, Daniel

Defoe, Daniel (1660–1731)   Quick reference

The Concise Oxford Companion to English Literature (4 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2013
Subject:
Literature
Length:
461 words

...in 1719 . The next five years saw the appearance of several fictions: Captain Singleton ( 1720 ); Moll Flanders , A Journal of the Plague Year , and Colonel Jack ( 1722 ); Roxana , Memoirs of a Cavalier , and A New Voyage round the World ( 1724 ). His Tour through the Whole Island of Great Britain , a guidebook in three volumes ( 1724–6 ), is a vivid account of the state of the country. He died in hiding from creditors in Ropemaker's Alley, Moorfields, and was buried in Bunhill Fields cemetery. Defoe's influence on the evolution of the English...

Thomson, George

Thomson, George (fl. 1649–79)   Reference library

The Continuum Encyclopedia of British Philosophy

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2010
Subject:
Philosophy
Length:
588 words

...of the Scientific Revolution (Cambridge, 1990), pp 397–436. Debus, Allen G. (ed.), Medicine in Seventeenth-Century England (Berkeley and Los Angeles, 1974). ——, The Chemical Philosophy: Paracelsian Science and Medicine in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries , 2 vols (New York, 1977). Defoe, Daniel , A Journal of the Plague Year (1722; new edn, Penguin, 1966). Rattansi, P. M. , ‘ The Helmontian–Galenist Controversy in Restoration England ’, Ambix , vol.12 (1964), pp.1–23. Webster, Charles , ‘ English Medical Reformers of the Puritan Revolution: A...

disease

disease   Quick reference

The Oxford Companion to Local and Family History (2 ed.)

Reference type:
Subject Reference
Current Version:
2009
Subject:
History, Local and Family History
Length:
618 words

...with the spread of disease but with attitudes and actions and social repercussions. See also population levels and trends ; and articles in the journal Local Population Studies . Interpreting the entries of burials in parish registers is basic to the study of disease in the early modern period. Contemporaries often did not know the exact nature of an epidemic and used vague descriptions such as ‘a sort of rambling, feverish distemper’. It is, nevertheless, sometimes possible to identify a particular disease from the pattern of recorded burials. Plague ,...

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